Regina Gottwald

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (3)11.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of perimenstrual telcagepant, a CGRP receptor antagonist, for headache prophylaxis. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, six-month trial in women with migraine for ≥3 months who experienced perimenstrual headaches. Women were randomized to telcagepant 140 mg or placebo (2:1 ratio) for seven consecutive days perimenstrually. Safety was assessed by adverse events and laboratory tests. The primary efficacy endpoint was mean monthly headache days in the subset of women reporting perimenstrual migraine (-2 days to +3 days of menses onset) and ≥5 moderate or severe migraines per month prior to entering the trial. Telcagepant was generally well tolerated: 66/2660 (2.5%) on telcagepant and 36/1326 (2.7%) on placebo discontinued because of a clinical adverse event. The percentages of patients with clinical adverse events, laboratory adverse events, or discontinuation because of a laboratory adverse event were also similar between treatments. Alanine aminotransferase elevations ≥3× normal occurred in 0.6% of women on telcagepant and 0.4% on placebo. Three women on telcagepant vs none on placebo had alanine aminotransferase elevations ≥8× normal. In the efficacy subset there was no significant effect of telcagepant (n = 887) vs placebo (n = 447) in mean monthly headache days (treatment difference -0.5 day (95% CI: -1.1, 0.1)). However, telcagepant was associated with a reduction in on-drug headache days (treatment difference -0.4 day (95% CI: -0.5, -0.2), nominal p < 0.001). Telcagepant 140 mg taken perimenstrually for seven days was generally well tolerated, but was associated with transaminase elevations. Telcagepant did not reduce monthly headache frequency, but did reduce perimenstrual headaches. © International Headache Society 2015 Reprints and permissions:
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Cephalalgia
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Current antipsychotic treatments have little impact on the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia. It has been proposed that agents which promote histamine release may enhance cognition. We evaluated whether the H3 inverse agonist MK-0249 might improve cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Outpatients (N=55) with schizophrenia between ages 21 and 55 who were clinically stable, experienced no more than mild to moderate overall symptoms (PANSS score total 36-75), and were taking a stable dose of antipsychotic medication were randomized to MK-0249 10mg and placebo in a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, 2-period (4-weeks per period), cross-over study. The primary efficacy endpoint was the mean change from baseline at 4-weeks of treatment in the total cognitive score on the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) Battery. Other assessments of cognition were also performed. Results: A total of 46 patients completed the study. MK-0249 10mg did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference compared to placebo in the mean change from baseline in the total cognitive score on the BACS battery after 4-weeks of treatment (-0.1, 95% CI: -2.3, 2.1) or with regard to secondary measures of attention/processing speed, episodic memory, or working memory after 4-weeks of treatment. The incidence of adverse events was greater during the MK-0249 treatment period (25/52 patients, 48.1%) compared to the placebo treatment period (15/51 patients, 29.4%). Conclusion: MK-0249 10mg once daily was not superior to placebo in the treatment of cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia after 4-weeks. ( NCT00506077).
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Schizophrenia Research
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of telcagepant when co-administered with ibuprofen or acetaminophen for the acute treatment of migraine. Telcagepant is an oral calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist which is being evaluated for the acute treatment of migraine. Combining telcagepant with analgesics that have a different mechanism of action could produce greater efficacy. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients were randomized to treat a moderate or severe migraine headache with either telcagepant 280 mg + ibuprofen 400 mg (N = 171), telcagepant 280 mg + acetaminophen 1000 mg (N = 171), telcagepant 280 mg (N =170), or placebo (N = 171). The primary efficacy endpoint was 2-hour pain freedom. The study had approximately 88% power to detect an additive effect of at least 15 percentage points (telcagepant combination vs telcagepant monotherapy) and 48% power to detect an additive effect of at least 10 percentage points. Safety and tolerability were assessed by adverse events and laboratory tests. The percentages of patients with 2-hour pain freedom were greater in each active treatment group compared to placebo (P < .001): telcagepant + ibuprofen = 35.2%, telcagepant + acetaminophen = 38.3%, telcagepant = 31.2%, placebo = 10.9%. No significant differences were seen for either of the combination groups vs telcagepant monotherapy, but both were numerically larger than telcagepant monotherapy. All the active treatments were generally well tolerated. The percentage of patients reporting any adverse event within 48 hours was higher in the active treatment groups than placebo: telcagepant + ibuprofen = 30.3%, telcagepant + acetaminophen = 31.6%, telcagepant = 24.8%, placebo = 18.2%. The most common adverse events reported by ≥ 4 patients in one or more of the treatment groups that included telcagepant were fatigue, nausea, dizziness, somnolence, dry mouth, and tremor. The combination of telcagepant 280 mg with either ibuprofen 400 mg or acetaminophen 1000 mg did not show a statistically significant difference from telcagepant alone. Numerically greater treatment effects in the combination treatment groups over the telcagepant 280 mg monotherapy suggest that telcagepant combination treatments may merit further evaluation in studies powered to detect smaller additive benefits. (; NCT00758836).
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain