[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As epilepsy remains a refractory condition in about 30% of patients with complex partial seizures, electrical stimulation of the brain has recently shown potential for additive seizure control therapy. Previously, we applied noninvasive transcranial focal stimulation via novel tripolar concentric ring electrodes (TCREs) on the scalp of rats after inducing seizures with pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). We developed a close-loop system to detect seizures and automatically trigger the stimulation and evaluated its effect on the electrographic activity recorded by TCREs in rats. In our previous work the detectors of seizure onset were based on seizure-induced changes in signal power in the frequency range up to 100 Hz, while in this preliminary study we assess the feasibility of recording high frequency oscillations (HFOs) in the range up to 300 Hz noninvasively with scalp TCREs during PTZ-induced seizures. Grand average power spectral density estimate and generalized likelihood ratio tests were used to compare power of electrographic activity at different stages of seizure development in a group of rats (n= 8). The results suggest that TCREs have the ability to record HFOs from the scalp as well as that scalp-recorded HFOs can potentially be used as features for seizure onset detection.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects approximately one percent of the world population. Anti-epileptic drugs are ineffective in 25~30% of cases. Electrical stimulation to control seizures may be an additive therapy. We applied noninvasive transcutaneous focal electrical stimulation (TFES) via concentric ring electrodes on the scalp of rats after inducing seizures with pentylenetetrazole. We found a significant increase in synchrony within the beta-gamma bands during seizures and that TFES significantly reduced the synchrony of the beta-gamma activity and increased synchrony in the delta band.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · International Journal of Neural Systems