[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dysregulated iron metabolism has been suspected to be linked to anemia of chronic disease and to cardiovascular disease (CVD). For the purpose of clarifying the factors affecting arterial stiffness, we evaluated the relationship between iron metabolism, brachial-ankle (ba)-pulse wave velocity (PWV) and several risk factors for CVD in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.
A total of 168 MHD patients were recruited, and the levels of iron parameters, hepcidin, CVD risk factors and ba-PWV were evaluated. The level of serum hepcidin-25 was specifically measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and hepcidin were higher in MHD patients, which was consistent with results from our previous study. ba-PWV significantly correlated with age (P < 0.01, R = 0.34), total cholesterol (T-CHO; P = 0.02, R = 0.21), TNF-α (P < 0.01, R = 0.24) and hepcidin (P < 0.01, R = 0.25) but not with other iron parameters and CVD risk factors. According to multiple regression analysis, age (β = 0.30), T-CHO (β = 0.24) TNF-α (β = 0.19) and hepcidin (β = 0.23) were selected as the significant predictors of ba-PWV in MHD patients.
Serum levels of both hepcidin and TNF-α are independently associated with arterial stiffness in MHD patients, suggesting that microinflammation and iron metabolism might affect the integrity of arterial walls.