Jinyu Chi

Harbin Medical University, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (8)20.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Increased vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation substantially contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia after vascular injury. The importance of inflammation in VSMC proliferation is now being recognized. Preventing the inflammatory response is one therapeutic strategy that can be used to inhibit atherosclerosis in the clinic. The present study, using RNA interference and gene transfer techniques, was conducted to investigate the effect of monocyte chemotactic protein-3 (MCP-3) on VSMC proliferation that is a result of TNF-α stimulation, and whether overexpression of the tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) gene could prevent VSMC proliferation by blocking the MCP-3/CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) pathway. Mouse VSMCs were infected in vitro with recombinant adenoviruses containing either mouse MCP-3-shRNA (Ad-MCP-3-shRNA), the TFPI gene (Ad-TFPI), or the negative control, which was shRNA encoding the sequence for EGFP (Ad-EGFP) or DMEM only. The cells were then stimulated with TNF-α for different time periods on the third day after gene transfer. The data show that VSMC proliferation in the Ad-MCP-3-shRNA and Ad-TFPI groups was markedly decreased using BrdU ELISA and MTT assays; MCP-3-shRNA and TFPI inhibited the expression of MCP-3 and CCR2 after long-term stimulation and inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT after short-term stimulation, as shown by ELISA and western blot analysis. This study provides convincing evidence that clarifies the effect of the proinflammatory factor MCP-3 in promoting VSMC proliferation. Our data also show, for the first time, that TFPI has an anti-proliferative role in TNF-α stimulated-VSMCs at least partly by interfering with the MCP-3/CCR2 pathway and then via suppression of the ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. We conclude that TFPI gene transfer may be a safe and effective therapeutic tool for treating atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Laboratory Investigation
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophage (MΦ) infiltration during myocardial infarction (MI) amplifies cardiac inflammation and remodeling. We investigated whether activation of the NRLP3 inflammasome by a calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) in MΦ subsets contributes to cardiac remodeling following MI. Infiltrated MΦ exhibited biphasic activation after MI; M1MΦ peaked at MI 3d and decreased until MI 14d, whereas M2MΦ peaked at MI 7d and decreased at MI 14d as shown via immunohistochemistry. IL-1β co-infiltrated with both M1MΦ and M2MΦ; IL-1β exhibited the same infiltrating tendency as M1MΦ, which was detected by immunohistochemistry. Increasing ventricular fibrosis was confirmed by Masson staining. CaSR and NLRP3 inflammasome in the MI group were upregulated in MΦ subsets in myocardium and peritoneal MΦ (p-MΦ) compared with the sham groups which were detected by immunofluorescence and western blotting. CaSR-activated NLRP3 inflammasome played a role in M1MΦ via PLC-IP3 but did not play a role in M2MΦ which were polarized by the THP-1 as shown by western blotting and intracellular calcium measurement. CaSR/NLRP3 inflammasome activation in M1MΦ led to the following effects: upregulated α-sma, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and collagen secretion; and downregulated TIMP-2 in cardiac fibroblasts via IL-1β-IL-1RI, which was detected by coculturing M1MΦ and cardiac fibroblasts. We suggest that the CaSR/NLRP3 inflammasome plays an essential role via the PLC-IP3 pathway in M1MΦ to promote cardiac remodeling post-MI in rats, including accelerated cardiac fibroblast phenotypic transversion, increased collagen and extracellular matrix (ECM) secretion; however, the CaSR/NLRP3 inflammasome does not play a role in this process in M2MΦ. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: High concentrations of glucose induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and contribute to diabetic cardiomyopathy. Relaxin-2 and relaxin-3 are two members of the relaxin peptide family that are cardioprotective. However, it remains unknown whether relaxin-2 or relaxin-3 can regulate apoptosis in high glucose treated-neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs). In cultured NRVMs, 33 mmol/l high glucose (HG) increased apoptosis in a time-dependent manner. HG-increased the protein expression of cleaved caspase-8 and -9, two initiators of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis, Caspase-3 was attenuated by human recombinant relaxin-2 (H2 relaxin) or relaxin-3 (H3 relaxin), indicating that H2 and H3 relaxin inhibited HG-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) markers CHOP and caspase-12 were markedly increased in HG-treated NRVMs, leading to apoptosis; this effect was also effectively attenuated by H2 relaxin or H3 relaxin. Treatment of NRVMs with HG reduced autophagy which cannot be adjusted by H2 relaxin or H3 relaxin. In conclusion, HG-induced apoptosis in NRVMs was mediated, in part, by the activation of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis and ERS, all inhibited by H2 relaxin or H3 relaxin.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Biochimie
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine (CsA) has become a mainstay for immune suppression of organ transplants. It is known that patients receiving CsA manifest increased growth of aggressive cardiotoxicity. We have demonstrated that CsA induces myocardium cell apoptosis in vivo and vitro. Recently, dishevelled-1 (Dvl-1) protein, which is a cytoplasmic mediator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was explored in cardiac diseases. However, whether Dvl-1 is involved in CsA-induced apoptosis remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to explore the role of Dvl-1 in CsA-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells and to investigate the role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade in this progress. H9c2 cells were treated with CsA in dose and time-dependent manners. We found that the appropriate concentrations and time-points of CsA-induced the expression of Dvl-1 and subsequent up-regulation of β-catenin and c-Myc, which is consistent with previously demonstrated concentrations and time-points when H9c2 cells apoptosis occurred. Then, cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) against Dvl-1 and stimulated with previously demonstrated concentration of CsA. Dvl-1 down-regulation decreased the apoptotic rate, caspase-3 activity, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in H9c2 cells treated with CsA. Furthermore, knocking down the expression of Dvl-1 partially suppressed the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Moreover, we further deleted the downstream member β-catenin by specific siRNA, and found that CsA-induced the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the expression of c-Myc, which were attenuated. Our results are the first to unveil this novel aspect of Dvl-1 signaling. In addition, these data provide insight into the pathogenesis and the therapeutic strategies of CsA-induced myocardial injury.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: In our previous study, we have demonstrated that tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) gene could induce vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis. This study was conducted to investigate whether the overexpression of the TFPI gene can induce VSMC apoptosis by inhibiting JAK-2/STAT-3 pathway phosphorylation and thereby inhibiting the expression of such downstream targets as the apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and cell cycle protein cyclin D1. The effect of TFPI on the expression of survivin, a central molecule in cell survival, was also investigated.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Cellular Signalling
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    ABSTRACT: The cardiotoxicity of cyclosporine A (CsA) limits its clinical application in extensive and long-term therapies. Our group has shown that CsA induces myocardium cell apoptosis in vivo and increases calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) expression. However, its molecular mechanism remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether CaSR plays an essential role in CsA-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells and to investigate the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade in this process. H9c2 cells were treated with CsA in a dose-dependent manner, and decreased Bcl-2 expression, increased Bax expression, and caspase-3 activation were observed. In a time-dependent manner, CsA increased CaSR expression, activated the extracellularly regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK pathways, and inactivated the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK signaling pathway. When H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells pretreated with gadolinium chloride (GdCl(3)), a CaSR activator, were treated with CsA, decreased phosphorylation of ERK1/2, increased phosphorylation of p38, decreased Bcl-2 expression, increased Bax expression, and activated caspase-3 were observed. Cells pretreated with the CaSR inhibitor NPS2390 inhibited this process. Furthermore, the MEK1/2 inhibitor U0126 and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 markedly blocked the effect of CsA on cell apoptosis, apoptotic-related protein expression, and caspase-3 activation. These findings showed that CsA induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells in vitro, and CaSR mediated the degradation of ERK MAPK and the upregulation of the p38 MAPK pathway involved in CsA-induced H9c2 cardiomyoblast cell apoptosis.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we sought to determine whether the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is involved in Cyclosporin A (CsA)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and identify its signal transduction pathway. Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, the CsA group (CsA 15 mg/kg/day intraperitoneally, i.p.), the GdCl3 group (GdCI3 10 mg/kg, every other day, i.p.), and the CsA + GdCl3 group (CsA 15 mg/kg/day, i.p. and GdCl3 10 mg/kg, every other day, i.p.). The groups were treated for two weeks. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis and injury were observed by light microscopy, electron microscopy and TUNEL staining. CaSR mRNA expression was determined by RT-PCR, and CaSR protein expression was detected by western blot and immunohistochemistry. The protein expression levels of cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were detected by western blot and immunohistochemistry. CsA increased the expression of CaSR mRNA and protein and enhanced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. GdCl3, a specific activator of CaSR, further enhanced CaSR expression and cardiomyocyte apoptosis and led to the upregulation of cytochrome c, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3, and Bax, as well as the downregulation of Bcl-2. The present in vivo study provides further information on CsA-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We determined for the first time that CaSR is involved in CsA-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in the rat through the activation of downstream cytochrome c-caspase-3 pathways. Furthermore, we offer evidence that the Bcl-2 family is involved in this process. These findings could provide novel strategies for the prevention and cure of CsA-induced cardiotoxicity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Pharmazie
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Cyclosporin-A (CsA)-induced myocardial injury is mediated by elevating the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) through the Calcium sensing receptor (CaSR). Cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were treated with CsA, with or without pretreatment with the CaSR-specific antagonist NPS2390 or the CaSR-specific agonist gadolinium chloride (GdCI3). At 2 h, 4 h, 6 h and 8 h after CsA treatment, the ultrastructural changes of the cardiomyocytes were observed. In addition, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) release from the cardiomyocytes, the [Ca2+]i and the level of CaSR expression were determined. With increasing time of CsA treatment, ultrastructural damage of cardimyocytes gradually aggrevated, LDH and CK release and [Ca2+]i also gradually increased. CaSR mRNA and protein expression increased at 4 h after CsA treatment. Compared with CsA treatment alone, pretreatment with NPS2390 lessened the ultrastructural damage of the cardiomyocytes as well as decreased the LDH and CK release, [Ca2+]i and the expression of the CaSR mRNA and protein. Conversely, pretreatment with GdCI3 aggravated the ultrastructural damage of the cardiomyocytes as well as increased LDH and CK release, [Ca2+]i and the expression of the CaSR mRNA and protein. These results demonstrate that CsA induced cardiomyocyte injury in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, CsA-induced cardiomyocyte injury was related to CaSR-mediated intracellular calcium overload. These findings provide new insight into the mechanisms involved in CsA-induced myocardial injury.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Pharmazie