Jean-Luc Rodeau

French National Centre for Scientific Research, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (18)65.86 Total impact

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    Hugues Petitjean · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Rémy Schlichter
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    ABSTRACT: In acute rat spinal cord slices, the application of capsaicin (5 μm, 90 s), an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptors expressed by a subset of nociceptors that project to laminae I-II of the spinal cord dorsal horn, induced an increase in the frequency of spontaneous excitatory and spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in about half of the neurons in laminae II, III-IV and V. In the presence of tetrodotoxin, which blocks action potential generation and polysynaptic transmission, capsaicin increased the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents in only 30% of lamina II neurons and had no effect on the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents in laminae III-V or on the frequency of miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents in laminae II-V. When the communication between lamina V and more superficial laminae was interrupted by performing a mechanical section between laminae IV and V, capsaicin induced an increase in spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic current frequency in laminae II-IV and an increase in spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic current frequency in lamina II that were similar to those observed in intact slices. However, in laminae III-IV of transected slices, the increase in spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic current frequency was virtually abolished. Our results indicate that nociceptive information conveyed by transient receptor potential vanilloid 1-expressing nociceptors is transmitted from lamina II to deeper laminae essentially by an excitatory pathway and that deep laminae exert a 'feedback' control over neurons in laminae III-IV by increasing inhibitory synaptic transmission in these laminae. Moreover, we provide evidence that laminae III-IV might play an important role in the processing of nociceptive information in the dorsal horn.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · European Journal of Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: Endogenous acetylcholine is an important modulator of sensory processing, especially at the spinal level, where nociceptive (pain-related) stimuli enter the central nervous system and are integrated before being relayed to the brain. To decipher the organization of the local cholinergic circuitry in the spinal dorsal horn, we used transgenic mice expressing enchanced green fluorescent protein specifically in cholinergic neurons (ChAT::EGFP) and characterized the morphology, neurochemistry, and firing properties of the sparse population of cholinergic interneurons in this area. Three-dimensional reconstruction of lamina III ChAT::EGFP neurons based either on their intrinsic fluorescence or on intracellular labeling in live tissue demonstrated that these neurons have long and thin processes that grow preferentially in the dorsal direction. Their dendrites and axon are highly elongated in the rostrocaudal direction, beyond the limits of a single spinal segment. These unique morphological features suggest that dorsal horn cholinergic interneurons are the main contributors to the plexus of cholinergic processes located in lamina IIi, just dorsal to their cell bodies. In addition, immunostainings demonstrated that dorsal horn cholinergic interneurons in the mouse are γ-aminobutyric acidergic and express nitric oxide synthase, as in rats. Finally, electrophysiological recordings from these neurons in spinal cord slices demonstrate that two-thirds of them have a repetitive spiking pattern with frequent rebound spikes following hyperpolarization. Altogether our results indicate that, although they are rare, the morphological and functional features of cholinergic neurons enable them to collect segmental information in superficial layers of the dorsal horn and to modulate it over several segments.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · The Journal of Comparative Neurology
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    Alexandre Charlet · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Pierrick Poisbeau
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of pain is a critical issue in human pathologies but also in animal experimentation. In human studies there is growing evidence that cardiovascular outputs such as heart rate variability (HRV) might be of interest to detect and measure pain expression. Indeed, systems controlling cardiovascular function are closely coupled to the perception of pain. To demonstrate the interest of HRV, we have combined radiotelemetry and remote-controlled nociceptive tests in rats submitted to various situations of acute and persistent inflammatory pain. We found the Poincaré plot descriptor SD1 and pNN18 to represent robust indicators of pain, especially in the case of persistent inflammatory states. Further studies will be performed in order to understand by which mechanisms pain-related increases in HRV are produced and if these descriptors can be used for other persistent pain states.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · Physiology & Behavior
  • Nabila Kadiri · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Rémy Schlichter · Sylvain Hugel
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    ABSTRACT: Neurotensin (NT) is a neuropeptide involved in the modulation of nociception. We have investigated the actions of NT on cultured postnatal rat spinal cord dorsal horn (DH) neurons. NT induced an inward current associated with a decrease in membrane conductance in 46% of the neurons and increased the frequency of glutamatergic miniature excitatory synaptic currents in 37% of the neurons. Similar effects were observed in acute slices. Both effects of NT were reproduced by the selective NTS1 agonist JMV449 and blocked by the NTS1 antagonist SR48692 and the NTS1/NTS2 antagonist SR142948A. The NTS2 agonist levocabastine had no effect. The actions of NT persisted after inactivation of G(i/o) proteins by pertussis toxin but were absent after inactivation of protein kinase C (PKC) by chelerythrine or inhibition of the MAPK (ERK1/2) pathway by PD98059. Pre- and postsynaptic effects of NT were insensitive to classical voltage- and Ca(2+) -dependent K(+) channel blockers. The K(+) conductance inhibited by NT was blocked by Ba(2+) and displayed no or little inward rectification, despite the presence of strongly rectifying Ba(2+) -sensitive K(+) conductance in these neurons. This suggested that NT blocked two-pore domain (K2P) background K(+) -channels rather than inwardly rectifying K(+) channels. Zn(2+) ions, which inhibit TRESK and TASK-3 K2P channels, decreased NT-induced current. Our results indicate that in DH neurons NT activates NTS1 receptors which, via the PKC-dependent activation of the MAPK (ERK1/2) pathway, depolarize the postsynaptic neuron and increase the synaptic release of glutamate. These actions of NT might modulate the transfer and the integration of somatosensory information in the DH.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · European Journal of Neuroscience
  • Alexandre Charlet · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Pierrick Poisbeau
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of pain is a critical issue in human pathologies but also in animal experimentation. In human studies there is growing evidence that cardiovascular outputs such as heart rate variability (HRV) might be of interest to detect and measure pain expression. Indeed, systems controlling cardiovascular function are closely coupled to the perception of pain. To demonstrate the interest of HRV, we have combined radiotelemetry and remote-controlled nociceptive tests in rats submitted to various situations of acute and persistent inflammatory pain. We found the Poincaré plot descriptor SD1 and pNN18 to represent robust indicators of pain, especially in the case of persistent inflammatory states. Further studies will be performed in order to understand by which mechanisms pain-related increases in HRV are produced and if these descriptors can be used for other persistent pain states.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Physiology & Behavior
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    Alexandre Charlet · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Pierrick Poisbeau
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    ABSTRACT: Effective relief of acute and long-term postoperative pain is of utmost importance to patients undergoing surgery. Here, we worked on a controlled procedure of abdominal surgery in the rat inducing persistent postoperative pain symptoms for up to 10 days and tested the efficacy of perioperative care with the local anesthetic ropivacaine. Laparotomy was likewise used to implant radiotelemetric probes by which electrocardiogram, body temperature, and locomotor activity were recorded in freely moving animals. We showed that postoperative pain symptoms (mechanical allodynia) measured in periphery of the scar were associated over time with persistent tachycardia, elevated heart rate variability, and loss of mobility. Furthermore, a single subcutaneous infiltration of the local anesthetic ropivacaine in the periphery of the abdominal incision was sufficient to prevent the appearance of allodynia and the associated cardiac and motor signs of pain, monitored by radio-telemetry. These beneficial effects were observed when the infiltration was performed in the perio-perative period, but not later. This study on freely moving animals exhibiting long-lasting postoperative pain symptoms and altered autonomic/motor function illustrates well the importance of the timing of preemptive analgesia care with long-acting local anesthetics. Moreover, it empha-sizes the utility of monitoring heart rate variability to quantify spontaneous expression of long-lasting postoperative pain. Perspective: Speeding the recovery time after surgery using perioperative ropivacaine care is of
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011
  • Alexandre Charlet · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Pierrick Poisbeau
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    ABSTRACT: Effective relief of acute and long-term postoperative pain is of utmost importance to patients undergoing surgery. Here, we worked on a controlled procedure of abdominal surgery in the rat inducing persistent postoperative pain symptoms for up to 10 days and tested the efficacy of perioperative care with the local anesthetic ropivacaine. Laparotomy was likewise used to implant radiotelemetric probes by which electrocardiogram, body temperature, and locomotor activity were recorded in freely moving animals. We showed that postoperative pain symptoms (mechanical allodynia) measured in periphery of the scar were associated over time with persistent tachycardia, elevated heart rate variability, and loss of mobility. Furthermore, a single subcutaneous infiltration of the local anesthetic ropivacaine in the periphery of the abdominal incision was sufficient to prevent the appearance of allodynia and the associated cardiac and motor signs of pain, monitored by radiotelemetry. These beneficial effects were observed when the infiltration was performed in the perioperative period, but not later. This study on freely moving animals exhibiting long-lasting postoperative pain symptoms and altered autonomic/motor function illustrates well the importance of the timing of preemptive analgesia care with long-acting local anesthetics. Moreover, it emphasizes the utility of monitoring heart rate variability to quantify spontaneous expression of long-lasting postoperative pain. PERSPECTIVE: Speeding the recovery time after surgery using perioperative ropivacaine care is of significant clinical relevance because it might limit the risk of chronic pain and postoperative complications. In humans, chronobiological analysis of heart rate variability could also help quantify spontaneous pain expression with minimal emotional bias.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · The journal of pain: official journal of the American Pain Society
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to get new information about the Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma (PPARγ)-independent pathway involved in the antiproliferative action of PPARγ ligands in breast cancer cells. We investigated the effects of Troglitazone (TGZ), Ciglitazone (CGZ), Rosiglitazone (RGZ) and, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ(2)) on the hormone-dependent breast cancer cell line MCF7. The early transcription factor EGR1 (Early Growth Response gene 1) mRNA and protein levels peaked after 3h of incubation with 25μM TGZ, CGZ or 15d-PGJ(2) and then gradually decreased. RGZ, the most potent activator of PPARγ, did not show this effect. The PPARγ antagonist GW 9662 did not block EGR1 mRNA induction which also still occurred in case of PPARγ silencing as well as in case of treatment with the PPARγ-inactive compound Δ2-TGZ. EGR1 mRNA induction required ERK1/2 phosphorylation which was not blocked by EGF Receptor (EGFR) inhibition. The ERK1/2 pathway was also involved in Δ2-TGZ-induced EGR1 mRNA expression in the hormone-independent breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. Using the fluorescent dye Fura2, we showed in MCF7 that TGZ or Δ2-TGZ induced an immediate increase in cytosolic calcium which was required for ERK1/2 phosphorylation and EGR1 mRNA induction as demonstrated by calcium chelation experiments. Furthermore, in MCF7 transfected with siRNA targeting EGR1, Δ2-TGZ inhibited less efficiently cell proliferation.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Biochemical pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment against neuropathic pain. We previously demonstrated that beta(2)-adrenoceptors are necessary for antidepressants to exert their anti-allodynic action. The aim of the present study was to assess whether beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonists could be sufficient to alleviate neuropathic allodynia. We used a murine model of neuropathy induced by unilateral sciatic nerve cuffing in C57BL/6J mice. We previously demonstrated that this animal model is sensitive to chronic, but not to acute, treatment with antidepressant drugs, which is clinically relevant. The mechanical allodynia was evaluated using the von Frey filaments. We showed that chronic but not acute treatment with the beta-adrenoceptor agonists, bambuterol, isoprenaline, fenoterol, salbutamol, salmeterol, terbutaline or ritodrine suppressed mechanical allodynia. We confirmed that the action of these beta-adrenoceptor agonists was mediated through beta(2)-adrenoceptors by blocking it with intraperitoneal or intrathecal, but not intracerebroventricular or intraplantar, injections of the antagonist ICI118551. We also showed that chronic treatments with the beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, propranolol or ICI118551 did not suppress the allodynia. Our data show that chronic treatment with beta-adrenoceptor agonists has the same antiallodynic properties as treatments with antidepressant drugs. This study was, however, conducted in an animal model, and a clinical validation will be required to confirm the value of the present findings in patients.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2009 · British Journal of Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: The central processing of peripheral nociceptive messages is highly controlled by the activity of local inhibitory networks in the spinal cord and supraspinal centers. Recently, it has been shown that endogenous 3alpha-reduced neurosteroids (3alphaNS) exert a significant spinal antinociception by potentiating GABA(A) receptor function. Because endogenous 3alphaNS can be produced in many relay structures of the nociceptive system, we tested the potential analgesic efficacy of promoting the production of neurosteroids by using etifoxine (ETX, 50mg/kg i.p.). This prescribed non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic was shown previously to stimulate neurosteroidogenesis in its early step after binding to the mitochondrial translocator protein complex (TSPO). Using an animal model of generalized neuropathic pain resulting from a 2-week treatment with the antitumoral agent vincristine sulfate (VCR, 0.1mg/kg i.p.), we show that injections of ETX (50mg/kg i.p.) given every day reduced the VCR-induced mechanical and thermal pain symptoms but also prevented their appearance, if used in prophylaxia 1 week before VCR. Both the curative and preventive effects of ETX on pain symptoms were mediated by the production of 3alphaNS as demonstrated in animals treated with the enzymatic inhibitor provera (6-medroxyprogesterone acetate; 20mg/kg s.c.). Altogether, this study shows for the first time that promoting 3alphaNS could be a possible therapeutic strategy to treat neuropathic pain symptoms. Since ETX is already available as an anxiolytic, its use in humans, provided that its analgesic properties are confirmed, could be rapidly considered.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Pain
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t The central processing of peripheral nociceptive messages is highly controlled by the activity of local inhibitory networks in the spinal cord and supraspinal centers. Recently, it has been shown that endog-enous 3a-reduced neurosteroids (3aNS) exert a significant spinal antinociception by potentiating GABA A receptor function. Because endogenous 3aNS can be produced in many relay structures of the nociceptive system, we tested the potential analgesic efficacy of promoting the production of neurosteroids by using etifoxine (ETX, 50 mg/kg i.p.). This prescribed non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic was shown previously to stimulate neurosteroidogenesis in its early step after binding to the mitochondrial translocator protein complex (TSPO). Using an animal model of generalized neuropathic pain resulting from a 2-week treat-ment with the antitumoral agent vincristine sulfate (VCR, 0.1 mg/kg i.p.), we show that injections of ETX (50 mg/kg i.p.) given every day reduced the VCR-induced mechanical and thermal pain symptoms but also prevented their appearance, if used in prophylaxia 1 week before VCR. Both the curative and preven-tive effects of ETX on pain symptoms were mediated by the production of 3aNS as demonstrated in ani-mals treated with the enzymatic inhibitor provera (6-medroxyprogesterone acetate; 20 mg/kg s.c.). Altogether, this study shows for the first time that promoting 3aNS could be a possible therapeutic strat-egy to treat neuropathic pain symptoms. Since ETX is already available as an anxiolytic, its use in humans, provided that its analgesic properties are confirmed, could be rapidly considered.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009 · Pain
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    Perrine Inquimbert · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Rémy Schlichter
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the possibility of a differential spatial control in the endogenous production of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids and its consequences on GABA(A) receptor-mediated miniature IPSCs (mIPSCs) in laminas II and III-IV of the rat spinal cord dorsal horn (DH). Early in postnatal development [younger than postnatal day 8 (P8)], mIPSCs displayed slow decay kinetics in laminas II and III-IV resulting from a continuous local production of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids. This was mediated by the tonic activity of the translocator protein of 18 kDa (TSPO), which controls neurosteroid synthesis by regulating the transport of cholesterol across the mitochondrial membrane system. TSPO activity disappeared in laminas III-IV after P8 and was functionally downregulated in lamina II after P15, resulting in a marked reduction of mIPSC duration in these laminas. TSPO-mediated synthesis of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids was spatially restricted, because, at P9-P15, when their production was maximal in lamina II, no sign of spillover to laminas III-IV was apparent. Interestingly, after P8, the enzymes necessary for the synthesis of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids remained functional in laminas III-IV and could produce such steroids from various precursors or after a single subcutaneous injection of progesterone. Moreover, induction of an acute peripheral inflammation by intraplantar injection of carrageenan, restored a maximal TSPO-mediated neurosteroidogenesis in laminas III-IV. Our results indicate that the decay kinetics of GABA(A) receptor-mediated mIPSCs in the DH of the spinal cord are primarily controlled by 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids, which can be produced from circulating steroid precursors and/or in a spatially restricted manner by the modulation of the activity of TSPO.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2008 · The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • Perrine Inquimbert · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Rémy Schlichter
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    ABSTRACT: Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from spinal cord slices of young (10-15 days old) rats, we have characterized and compared the properties of inhibitory synaptic transmission in lamina II and laminae III-IV of the dorsal horn, which are involved in the processing of nociceptive and non-nociceptive sensory information, respectively. All (100%) of laminae III-IV neurons, but only 55% of lamina II neurons, received both gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic and glycinergic inputs. The remaining 45% of lamina II neurons received only GABAergic synapses. Neurons receiving only glycinergic synapses were never observed. Among the 55% of lamina II neurons receiving both GABAergic and glycinergic inputs, all displayed a small proportion (approximately 10%) of mixed miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs), indicating the presence of a functional GABA/glycine co-transmission at a subset of synapses. Such a co-transmission was never observed in laminae III-IV neurons. The presence of mixed mIPSCs and the differences in decay kinetics of GABAA-type receptor mIPSCs between lamina II and laminae III-IV were due to the endogenous tonic production of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids (3alpha5alpha-RS) in lamina II. Stimulation of the local production of 3alpha5alpha-RS was possible in laminae III-IV after incubation of slices with progesterone, subcutaneous injection of progesterone or induction of a peripheral inflammation. This led to the prolongation of GABAergic mIPSCs, but failed to induce the appearance of mixed mIPSCs in laminae III-IV. Our results indicate that, compared with lamina II, inhibitory synaptic transmission in laminae III-IV is characterized by a dominant role of glycinergic inhibition and the absence of a functional GABA/glycine co-transmission.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · European Journal of Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: The epidermis, the outermost structure of the skin, fulfils important roles as a physical barrier between the organism and its environment and as a neuroendocrine, immune and sensory organ. It is innervated by unmyelinated sensory fibres conveying nociceptive and thermoceptive information. Little is known concerning the functional interactions between these sensory fibres and the keratinocytes, which constitute 95% of the epidermal cells. We have developed a coculture model of primary rat sensory neurons and keratinocytes, as well as of equivalent cell-lines: ND7-23 neurons and A431 keratinocytes. We show that primary dorsal root ganglion neurons survive well in a standard keratinocyte reference medium containing a low concentration of calcium, but fail to extend axons. However, when neurons are cocultured with keratinocytes, axonal outgrowth is strongly stimulated. The use of a Transwell culture system indicated that the stimulation of axonal growth depends on a soluble factor secreted by keratinocytes. Axon outgrowth was also induced by nerve growth factor or brain-derived neurotrophic factor, but not by neurotrophin 3 or glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor. Neurons cocultured with keratinocytes did not change their responses to ATP, capsaicin or high potassium solution, as measured by calcium imaging. The trophic effect of keratinocytes concerned essentially a population of medium-sized (17-25 microm) neurons, some of which expressed substance P-like immunoreactivity and responded to capsaicin. Our preparation, in which cells are maintained at low external calcium concentration, could represent a useful in vitro model for characterizing the effect of skin-derived guidance and trophic factors.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2007 · European Journal of Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: DeltaFosB, a stable splice variant of FosB, has been proposed to mediate persistent brain adaptation in response to several chronic perturbations, but it has not yet been considered in the context of sustained pain. Inflammatory pain induces neuronal plasticity that can result in persistent alteration of nociceptive pathways. This neuronal plasticity can partly result from changes in gene expression controlled by transcription factors. In the present study, we analyse the capacity of carrageenan-mediated inflammation to induce DeltaFosB in the spinal cord. We found that hind-paw inflammation increases FosB-like immunoreactivity in the superficial layers of rat lumbar spinal cord for at least 7 days. This induction parallels mechanical hyperalgesia and is maximal in the dorsal horn of segment L4 of the spinal cord which corresponds to the primary nociceptive afferent regions from the hind paw. We identified this FosB-like signal as DeltaFosB by comparing data obtained with antibodies raised against either an epitope present in both FosB and DeltaFosB, or the FosB C-terminal region that is deleted in DeltaFosB. The week-lasting changes in DeltaFosB highlight the interest in this protein as a molecular marker of sustained pain, and suggest a role of this transcription factor in pain-related plasticity within the spinal cord.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Journal of Neurochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Devices designed for mechanical pain threshold studies are often difficult to implement. The purpose of this study was to investigate a simple tool based on calibrated forceps to induce quantifiable mechanical stimulation in the rat on a linear scale. The most suitable protocol was tested by determining the effects of 3 repetitive measurements on both hind paws, respectively, during long-term (9 days), mid-term (1 day), and short-term (2 hours). Only threshold increase related to weight gain over long-term was observed, suggesting that moderate rat training can be used. The capacity of the device to reveal hyperalgesia was tested in a model of carrageenan-induced inflammation in the hind paw. The hyperalgesia was maximal 6 hours after carrageenan injection and progressively decreased. Similar, although more variable, responses were observed with von Frey filaments. Morphine-induced analgesia resulted in a dose-dependent increase of paw threshold. Tolerance to morphine administrated on a once daily schedule (10 mg/kg) during 5 days was revealed by a significant decrease in analgesia by day 3. Taken together, these results demonstrated accuracy of this device for easy, fast, and reproducible measure of mechanical pain threshold on rat limbs. Moreover, it allows the performance of rat testing with minimal constraint, which reduces data variability. PERSPECTIVE: The calibrated forceps is an easy to use device well-suited to rapidly test mechanical pain threshold with accuracy. It is well-designed for preclinical behavioral screening of noxious or analgesic properties of molecules.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of Pain

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2006
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    Mathias De Roo · Jean-Luc Rodeau · Rémy Schlichter
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    ABSTRACT: We have studied the modulatory effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most abundant neurosteroid produced by glial cells and neurones, on membrane currents induced by the activation of ionotropic ATP (P2X) receptors in neonatal rat dorsal root ganglion neurones. ATP (1 microM) induced three types of currents/responses termed F (fast and transient), S (slowly desensitizing) and M (mixed, sum of F- and S-type responses). DHEA (10 nM to 100 microM) concentration-dependently increased the amplitude of plateau-like currents of S- and M-type responses evoked by submaximal (1 microM) but not saturating (100 microM or 1 mM) concentrations of ATP. Alphabeta-methylene ATP (alphabetame-ATP, 5 microM) also evoked F-, S- and M-type responses, the plateau phases of which were potentiated by lowering external pH (6.3) and by ivermectin (IVM, 3 microM), indicating the presence heteromeric P2X2-containing receptors and possibly of functional native P2X4/6 receptors. There was a strict correlation between the potentiating effects of low pH and DHEA on alphabetame-ATP responses but not between that of IVM and DHEA, suggesting that DHEA selectively modulated P2X2-containing receptors. DHEA also potentiated putative homomeric P2X2 receptor responses recorded in the continuous presence of 1 microM 2'-(or 3')-O-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) adenosine 5'-triphosphate (TNP-ATP). Our results constitute the first demonstration of a fast potentiation of P2X receptors by a neurosteroid and suggest that DHEA could be an endogenous modulator of P2X2-containing receptors thereby contributing to the facilitation of the detection and/or the transmission of nociceptive messages, particularly under conditions of inflammatory pain where the P2X receptor signalling pathway appears to be upregulated.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2003 · The Journal of Physiology