Hyun Sik Kang

Jeju National University, Tse-tsiu, Jeju-do, South Korea

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Publications (9)6.01 Total impact

  • Hyun Sik Kang · Hee Sup Chung · Ki-Soo Kang · Kyoung Hee Han
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Henoch–Schönlein purpura is an immunoglobulin A-mediated, small vascular inflammatory disease that can be associated with palpable purpura, arthralgia, abdominal pain, or nephritis. The presence of purpura facilitates the diagnosis of Henoch–Schönlein purpura at the onset of associated symptoms, whereas the absence of purpura makes the diagnosis challenging. It is important to diagnose Henoch–Schönlein purpura with delayed-onset skin purpura to avoid unnecessary surgery for acute abdomen. Most cases of Henoch–Schönlein purpura with severe abdominal pain are treated with low-dose steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin. Case presentation A 15-year-old Korean girl complained of severe abdominal pain and delayed-onset purpura on admission. Henoch–Schönlein purpura was diagnosed based on endoscopic findings of hemorrhagic duodenitis and duodenal vasculitis and abdominal computed tomography findings of edematous bowels. Two common initial treatments, a low-dose steroid and intravenous immunoglobulin, were administered, but there was no improvement for 1 month. Subsequently, we used high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy (30mg/kg/day, with a maximum of 1g/day), which dramatically alleviated her abdominal symptoms. High-dose intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy can be used as the ultimate treatment for delayed-onset Henoch–Schönlein purpura with severe abdominal pain when symptoms do not improve after low-dose steroid and intravenous immunoglobulin treatments.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Medical Case Reports
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cavernous hemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare. In particular, the diagnosis of small bowel hemangiomas is very difficult in children. A 13-year-old boy presented at the outpatient clinic with dizziness and fatigue. The patient was previously diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia at 3 years of age and had been treated with iron supplements continuously and pure red cell transfusion intermittently. Laboratory tests indicated that the patient currently had iron-deficiency anemia. There was no evidence of gross bleeding, such as hematemesis or bloody stool. Laboratory findings indicated no bleeding tendency. Gastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy results were negative. To obtain a definitive diagnosis, the patient underwent capsule endoscopy. A purplish stalked mass was found in the jejunum, and the mass was excised successfully. We report of a 13-year-old boy who presented with severe and recurrent iron-deficiency anemia caused by a cavernous hemangioma in the small bowel without symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Clinical Endoscopy
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    Hyun Sik Kang · Geol Hwang · Kyung-Sue Shin
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of patients with p22 (phox) -deficient chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) on Jeju Island and retrospectively evaluated the effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) prophylaxis. The medical records of 15 patients with CGD were retrospectively reviewed. The efficacy of IFN-γ prophylaxis was evaluated by comparing the frequency of severe infections before and after starting continuous prophylaxis with IFN-γ. At the time of the analysis, 14 patients were alive, with a median age of 14.3 years. The diagnosis of CGD was made at a median age of 2.4 years, and the median age at onset of severe infection was 0.3 years. Thirteen of the 15 patients had their first severe infection within the first year of life. The overall incidence of severe infection was 1.36 infections per patient-year; pneumonia, suppurative lymphadenitis, and skin and subcutaneous abscesses were the most common infections. Aspergillus species were the most frequently isolated microorganisms, present in 15.8% of isolates. IFN-γ did not significantly change the rate of severe infection. The survival rate for patients after 2 years of age was 93%; there was a prolonged survival plateau beyond the age of 2. Compared with cases of X-linked CGD reported in other studies, patients with CGD on Jeju Island did not show obviously different clinical manifestations, but they had a significantly higher survival rate. Further studies with a substantially longer period of observation, and with more patients under intensive surveillance are necessary to elucidate the prophylactic efficiency of IFN-γ.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With previous methods based on only age and location, there are many difficulties in identifying the etiology of acute abdominal pain in children. We sought to develop a new systematic classification of acute abdominal pain and to give some helps to physicians encountering difficulties in diagnoses. From March 2005 to May 2010, clinical data were collected retrospectively from 442 children hospitalized due to acute abdominal pain with no apparent underlying disease. According to the final diagnoses, diseases that caused acute abdominal pain were classified into nine groups. The nine groups were group I "catastrophic surgical abdomen" (7 patients, 1.6%), group II "acute appendicitis and mesenteric lymphadenitis" (56 patients, 12.7%), group III "intestinal obstruction" (57 patients, 12.9%), group IV "viral and bacterial acute gastroenteritis" (90 patients, 20.4%), group V "peptic ulcer and gastroduodenitis" (66 patients, 14.9%), group VI "hepatobiliary and pancreatic disease" (14 patients, 3.2%), group VII "febrile viral illness and extraintestinal infection" (69 patients, 15.6%), group VIII "functional gastrointestinal disorder (acute manifestation)" (20 patients, 4.5%), and group IX "unclassified acute abdominal pain" (63 patients, 14.3%). Four patients were enrolled in two disease groups each. Patients were distributed unevenly across the nine groups of acute abdominal pain. In particular, the "unclassified abdominal pain" only group was not uncommon. Considering a systemic classification for acute abdominal pain may be helpful in the diagnostic approach in children.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wound healing plays an important role in protecting the human body from external infection. Cell migration and proliferation of keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts are essential for proper wound healing. Recently, several studies have demonstrated that secondary compounds produced in plants could affect skin cells migration and proliferation. In this study, we identified a novel compound DK223 ([1E,2E-1,2-bis(6-methoxy-2H-chromen-3-yl)methylene]hydrazine) that concomitantly induced human keratinocyte migration and dermal fibroblast proliferation. We evaluated the regulation of epithelial and mesenchymal protein markers, such as E-cadherin and Vimentin, in human keratinocytes, as well as extracellular matrix (ECM) secretion and metalloproteinase families in dermal fibroblasts. DK223 upregulated keratinocyte migration and significantly increased the epithelial marker E-cadherin in a time-dependent manner. We also found that reactive oxygen species (ROS) increased significantly in keratinocytes after 2 h of DK223 exposure, returning to normal levels after 24 h, which indicated that DK223 had an early shock effect on ROS production. DK223 also stimulated fibroblast proliferation, and induced significant secretion of ECM proteins, such as collagen I, III, and fibronectin. In dermal fibroblasts, DK223 treatment induced TGF-β1, which is involved in a signaling pathway that mediates proliferation. In conclusion, DK223 simultaneously induced both keratinocyte migration via ROS production and fibroblast proliferation via TGF-β1 induction.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction We performed this study to confirm the known risk factors and to identify possible new risk factors for subsequent unprovoked seizure after febrile seizure (FS) on Jeju Island, South Korea. Methods A population-based retrospective study of 204 children with FS, whose first FS developed between March 2003 and August 2011, and who were seen in the Pediatric Department at the Jeju National University Hospital. Results Two hundred four children (136 boys and 68 girls) were enrolled in this study. Simple FS was found in 107 children, and complex FS was found in 97 children. The average age at the first FS was 18.9 months. The average total number of FSs was 4.3. A family history of FS or epilepsy was found in 29.4% and 7.8% of patients, respectively. Abnormal findings of EEG were observed in 35.8%. Complex features in the first FS were noted in 28.9%. Subsequent unprovoked seizures occurred in 23.0%. Univariate analysis showed that low parental educational level was one of several variables that were significantly related to unprovoked seizure. Parental educational level was not included in the multivariate model because of an insufficient sample size. Multivariate analysis identified the following factors as significant predictors of unprovoked seizure: late onset of FS at age > 3 years, complex features in the first FS, family history of epilepsy, and abnormal findings on EEG, and FS developed at a body temperature of <39 °C. Conclusions We confirmed the known risk factors for subsequent unprovoked seizure and found that low parental educational status may be a new prognostic indicator. However, further investigation using larger populations and a prospective design is needed to confirm that this is a valid prognostic factor for FS.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Brain and Development
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    Hyun Sik Kang · Ki Soo Kang · Byung-Cheol Song
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The precore (G1896A) and core promoter (A1762T, G1764A) mutations of the hepatitis B virus gene are known to be associated with changes in immunologic phase or the progression to complicated liver disease in adults. We analyzed these mutations in chronically HBV-infected children. Serum was collected from 37 children with chronic HBV infection from March 2005 to September 2008. HBV DNA extraction and nested PCR were followed by sequencing of the PCR products. The children were 6.7 ± 4.6 yr old. All of 37 children had HBV genotype C. Of the cohort, 31 (83.8%) were HBeAg-positive and 6 (16.2%) were HBeAg-negative; the former group comprised 18 (48.6%) who were in the immune-tolerance phase (ITP) and 13 (35.2%) in the immune-clearance phase (ICP). Most of the patients had HBV DNA levels of > 1.0 × 10(8) copies/mL. In the ITP group, only 1 (5.5%) had core promoter mutations, and none had the precore mutation. In the ICP group, only 2 (15.4%) had core promoter mutations; the remaining 6 patients had HBV DNA levels of < 2.0 × 10(3) copies/mL and no core promoter/precore mutations. The very low incidence of the precore/core promoter gene mutation, in children, suggests that these mutations may be the result of life-long chronic HBV infection.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of Korean medical science
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas are benign, extremely rare tumors. Although surgical resection is the treatment of choice, sclerotherapy should be considered initially. A 9-year-old boy was admitted due do worsening abdominal pain of 4 days duration. Serial complete blood counts revealed a hemoglobin level of 12.8 g/dL on admission to 10.6 g/dL on hospital day 3. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed a large, lobulated, septated, retroperitoneal cystic mass (10×9.5×5 cm) in the left anterior pararenal space with intracystic hemorrhage surrounding the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV). Because of the high operative risk, we performed a tubogram of the cystic mass, percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD), and ethanol sclerotherapy. The follow-up abdominal CT scan showed that the cystic mass had decreased in size. He is well without relapse of the retroperitoneal cystic mass for 13 months after discharge. Sclerotherapy with PCD should be considered as initial therapy for patients with retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas at high surgical risk.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2010
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic autoimmune disease characterized by the production of a wide range of autoantibodies, resulting in tissue damage. Although the susceptibility to SLE has been attributed to complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors, the influence of a genetic predisposition to SLE is supported by observations of familial aggregations. Family studies have found that siblings with an SLE-affected relative have a 20-fold higher risk of developing SLE compared with the general population. Here, we present a rare case of two male siblings with SLE. The clinical, laboratory, and histopathological findings of these individuals showed the characteristic features of SLE. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing revealed that the brothers and their mother shared the common HLA haplotype of DRB1*1501 and DQB1*0602, which is significantly associated with disease susceptibility in both family-based and casecontrol studies. This report provides an opportunity to reveal the role of genetic factors in the development of SLE.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Korean Journal of Pediatrics