Hu-Ji Xu

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (8)3.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To assess the clinical efficacy as well as safety profiles of Leining, a novel cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 fusion protein, versus placebo in the treatment of Chinese active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with an inadequate clinical response to methotrexate (MTX). In this 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study, a total of 440 Chinese patients with active RA with an inadequate response to MTX were randomly assigned to receive Leining (10 mg/kg) or placebo. Clinical response was assessed using the American College of Rheumatology 20 % improvement criteria ACR20, ACR50, and ACR70, with ACR20 as the primary major endpoints. Disease activity scores in 28 joints with erythrocyte sedimentation rate assessment (DAS28-ESR) were used to evaluate disease activity. After 24 weeks of treatment, significantly more patients in Leining group achieved ACR20 response than those in placebo group (70.61 vs. 46.36 %; p < 0.001). Similarly, ACR50 and ACR70 responses of Leining group were significantly higher than those of placebo group (40.30 vs. 22.73 %; p < 0.001 and 16.67 vs. 7.27 %; p < 0.05, respectively). DAS28-ESR in Leining group was significantly reduced compared to that in placebo group, with greater clinically meaningful (>1.2 unit) improvement (54.85 vs. 29.09 %, p < 0.05). Both the rates of remission (DAS28-ESR < 2.6) and low disease activity (DAS28-ESR < 3.2) were greater in the Leining group than those in the placebo group (12.42 vs. 2.73 %; p < 0.05 and 15.45 vs. 2.73 %; p < 0.05 respectively). The overall incidence of adverse events was similar in both Leining and placebo groups. No neutralizing antibodies were detected. Leining demonstrated clinically meaningful efficacy compared with placebo in Chinese patients with active RA despite MTX therapy. Administration of Leining in combination with MTX for 24 weeks was well tolerated.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Rheumatology International
  • Jing Zhao · Ting Li · Jun Bao · Zhen Xu · Hu-Ji Xu

    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To analyse the potential risk factors of nosocomial infections in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A total of 2452 active RA patients at Hospitals in Shanghai between January 2009 and February 2011 were analyzed. Their demographic and clinical characteristics were compared with those without infection, and the potential risk factors were determined by logistic regression analysis. Results. Multivariate analysis indicated the gender (OR = 0.70, 95% CI 0.53–0.92), duration in hospital (OR = 1.03 , 95%CI 1.01–1.05), number of organs involved (OR = 0.82, 95%CI 0.72–0.92), number of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs ((DMARDs) (OR = 1.22, 95%CI 1.061–1.40)), corticosteroid therapy (OR = 1.02, 95%CI 1.01–1.03), peripheral white blood cell counts ((WBC) (OR = 1.04, 95%CI 1.00–1.08)), levels of serum albumin (OR = 0.98, 95%CI 0.97–0.99), and C-reactive protein ((CRP) (OR = 1.03 , 95%CI 1.01–1.04)) that were significantly associated with the risk of infections. Conclusion. The female patients, longer hospital stay, more organs involved, more DMARDs, corticosteroid usage, high counts of WBC, lower serum albumin, and higher serum CRP were independent risk factors of infections in active RA patients.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2012
  • Jian Yin · Ting Li · Jun Bao · Hu-Ji Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease involving multiple joints, and currently it still leads to high disability rate of the joints and high mortality. Early diagnosis and treatment can effectively reduce joint deformities. The recently discovered anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies(ACPA) can be detected before damage to the joints occurs. Compared with classical rheumatoid factor (RF) ACPA has higher specificity and similar sensitivity in diagnosing RA. Some studies have showned that anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies play an important role in the early diagnosis of RA and prediction of prognosis; epidemiological evidences also show that ACPA plays an important role on the pathogenesis of RA.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of anakinra, a recombinant human interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, plus methotrexate (MTX) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refractory to MTX therapy. A total of 54 patients with active RA, who were taking MTX at a stable dosage, were randomized to receive daily subcutaneous injections of anakinra (80 mg) or placebo. Clinical outcomes were assessed every 4 weeks for 24 weeks by using the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology. After 24 weeks, more patients achieved clinical benefits as determined by the ACR20 improvement treated with anakinra plus MTX compared with MTX alone (64% vs. 17%, P = 0.004). In the anakinra group, an ACR50 response was observed in 38% and an ACR70 response in 17%. None of the patients treated with MTX alone achieved ACR50 or ACR 70 improvement. However, nine of 42 (21.4%) patients in the anakinra group, who showed therapeutic response initially, had secondary drug failure to anakinra therapy thereafter. A significant increase in mean DAS28 from baseline was found in the non-responders to anakinra compared with placebo (0.83 ± 1.38 vs. -1.28 ± 0.78, P < 0.001). Anakinra is effective in the treatment of patients with active RA by blocking IL-1. However, the efficacy of anakinra is soon lost in about one fifth of patients in spite of initial good response.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Clinical Rheumatology
  • Ting Li · Jun Bao · Jian Yin · Hu-Ji Xu
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP antibodies) in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 1018 healthy donors, 212 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 435 patients with other connective tissue disease were recruited to this study. Anti-CCP antibodies and IgM-rheumatoid factor (RF) were determined by ELISA according to manufacturer instructions, with a cut-off of 20U. The frequency of positive anti-CCP antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is 48.1% (n = 102), higher than healthy donors (2.6%, n = 26) and patients with other connective tissue diseases (3.7%, n = 16). The specificity of anti-CCP antibodies is 97.4%. The titer of anti-CCP antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (429.7 U) is much higher than that in healthy donors (29.3 U) and patients with other connective tissue diseases (36.5 U). The frequency of positive IgM-RF in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is 94.3% whilst only 21.5% in healthy donors. The false positivity rate of IgM-RF is higher than anti-CCP antibody. Anti-CCP antibodies is a highly specific autoantibody in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine]
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab plus methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, and placebo-controlled clinical study, included a total of 302 cases of active rheumatoid arthritis, randomized into three groups of observation: 40 mg adalimumab (121 cases), 80 mg adalimumab (121 cases), or placebo (60 cases). Upon enrollment, all subjects had been previously treated with MTX for at least 3 months, and their doses of drug had remained stable for at least 28 days. The double-blind phase lasted for 12 weeks, during which the subjects were administered with adalimumab or placebo subcutaneously every other week. Then the subjects entered into another 12 weeks of open-label study, which included subcutaneous injection of 40 mg adalimumab every other week. In both the double-blind and the open-label periods, all subjects were maintained concomitantly with MTX that had already been used before this study. The primary efficacy variables were evaluated on basis of American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20 response rate at week 12. The secondary efficacy variables included: ACR20 response rate at week 24; ACR50 and ACR70 response rates at weeks 12 and 24; and changes at weeks 12 and 24 compared with baseline observations for tender and swollen joint counts, as well as the assessment of pain with visual analog scale (VAS), the physician's and the patient's global assessment of disease activity (VAS), and the analysis on health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and health related quality of life (HRQL) measured by Short Form-36 (SF-36); The safety variables mainly included adverse events (AE). During the double-blind period, subjects treated with 40 mg of adalimumab, 57.0% achieved ACR20 response at week 12 (P = 0.004 versus placebo), and subjects treated with 80 mg of adalimumab, 51.2% achieved ACR20 response at week 12 (P = 0.026 versus placebo), and only 35.0% of subjects treated with placebo achieved ACR20 response at week 12. On the other hand, 32.2% of subjects receiving 40 mg of adalimumab achieved ACR50 response (P = 0.009 versus placebo), and 15.7% achieved ACR70 response (P = 0.007 versus placebo) at week 12. Subjects treated with 40 mg of adalimumab got a better result versus placebo at week 12 for tender joint count, swollen joint count, and improvement in C-reactive protein; and subjects treated with 80 mg of adalimumab were also seen an amelioration versus placebo at week 12 for swollen joint count, and improvement in C-reactive protein; all of these findings were statistically significant in differences. During the open-label period all subjects received 40 mg of adalimumab, and response rates for ACR20, ACR50, and ACR70 in the two treatment groups of 40 mg and 80 mg adalimumab were maintained or improved from week 12 to week 24 (being 73.1%, 40.3% and 17.6% respectively for 40 mg group; 71.1%, 39.5% and 17.5% respectively for 80 mg group); while response in the original placebo group (being 67.8%, 44.1% and 18.6%) increased during the 12-week open-label period to match that of the original adalimumab treatment groups. While for changes in tender and swollen joint counts, VAS, HAQ, SF-36, a significant improvement was seen at week 24 when compared with baseline and week 12 values. Throughout the double-blind and open-label period, adverse events reported in >/= 5% of subjects at least possibly associated with the study drug were upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, and injection site itching, mostly being mild to moderate in severity. There were 3 cases of tuberculosis reported during this study. And 3 cases of serious adverse event (SAE) were reported among the adalimumab subjects during the double-blind period, which were determined as unrelated or probably unrelated to the study drug. And 8 cases (2.7%) of SAE were seen among the adalimumab subjects during the open-label period, 3 of which were at least possibly unrelated with the study drug. All SAEs reported were consistent to those seen in other adalimumab trials. No other unexpected safety signals were reported. Adalimumab plus MTX is better than single MTX in efficacy for the treatment of RA. Being generally safe and well tolerated, adalimumab plus MTX can significantly increase the response rate, continuously reduce the arthritic signs, symptoms and the inflammatory factors in patients, and also be helpful for reducing disabilities and improving the global quality of life for the patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine]
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy and safety of Infliximab (IFX) plus methotrexate (MTX) combination therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Prospectively observe refractory RA patients who were treated with combination therapy of MTX and IFX. IFX was infused at the dosage of 3 mg/kg, in week 0, 2, 6, and then every 8 weeks. During treatment, clinical variables, disease activity and adverse effects were evaluated. After treatment, 69.8%, 52.4%, 29.5% and 7.2% RA patients achieved ACR20, ACR50, ACR70 and ACR90 respectively. There were significant statistical differences in the changes of swollen joint counts, tender joint counts, VAS scale, patient' s global assessment, and physician's global assessment before and after therapy. Infliximab plus MTX achieved significant efficacy and safety in refractory RA patients.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi