[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A parasitic nematode from the stomach of Japanese eel Anguilla japonica Temminck et Schlegel in western Japan, previously identified as Heliconema longissimum (Ortlepp, 1922), was morphologically re-examined and compared with the previous descriptions. In addition, the third-stage larva of this nematode is described, based on the specimens of encapsuled larvae found in musculature of two crabs, Hemigrapsus sp. and Perisesarma bidens (De Haan), caught from the upper-intertidal zone of the same locality. As a result of the morphological observation, seven pairs of postcloacal papillae in adult males are confirmed. This matches with the character of H. longissimum, but the shape of the fifth postcloacal papillae differs between the present material and H. longissimum; the former possesses pedunculate papillae in the fifth pair whereas the latter has sessile papillae. Since the pedunculate papillae can be found in the original description and the syntype specimens of H. anguillae Yamaguti, 1935 that has been synonymised with H. longissimum, we thus here resurrect H. anguillae as an accepted species. For the life-cycle of the present nematode, littoral crabs, including the two infected species, are likely to be the source of infections for Japanese eels, acting as intermediate hosts.
Preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Folia parasitologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Five helminths, including a new echinorhynchid acanthocephalan Acanthocephalus longiacanthus n. sp., are described based on specimens from the giant mottled eel Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard caught in a small river, western Japan. The new acanthocephalan is distinguished from the other congeners in terms of hook arrangement (8-9 longitudinal rows with 5-6 hooks per row) on proboscis, maximum length of hook blade (81-95 μm in male, 150-190 μm in female), lemnisci being longer than proboscis receptacle, and small-sized eggs (80-83 μm). Two monogeneans, Pseudodactylogyrus anguillae (Yin & Sproston, 1948) and P. bini (Kikuchi, 1929), and two acanthocephalans, Acanthocephalus gotoi Van Cleave, 1925 and Southwellina hispida (Van Cleave, 1925), were also found; this new material is described. The monogeneans are notorious as invasive parasites spreading worldwide via anthropogenic transportations of anguillid eels, but in Japanese waters A. marmorata appears to be an indigenous host for these parasites. Anguilla marmorata is a new host record for the acanthocephalans A. gotoi and S. hispida.
No preview · Article · May 2014 · Systematic Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With technological improvements in otolith microchemical analysis, the flexible use of habitat from coastal marine to fresh waters has been discovered in Japanese eels Anguilla japonica. We examined the occurrence of 3 congeneric gill monogeneans-Pseudodactylogyrus anguillae, P. bini, and P. kamegaii-on wild Japanese eels, in relation to the host's flexibility. From April 2008 to October 2009, 114 eels were collected from a brackish-water cove and 2 rivers flowing into the cove in Ehime Prefecture, western Japan. Based on otolith microchemical analysis, the eels were discriminated according to the following 4 types of habitat use: freshwater residents (Type I), individuals utilizing low-salinity habitats (Type II), downstream habitat-shifters (Type III), and cove residents (Type IV). P. anguillae occurred mainly on Type I and II eels, while P. bini was primarily found on Type I eels. In contrast, P. kamegaii occurred mainly on Type III and IV eels. Thus, we conclude that species composition and infection levels of Pseudodactylogyrus spp. clearly differed with habitat-use patterns of Japanese eels. Also, since P. anguillae was scarcely found on either Type III or IV eels, this study suggests that previous identifications of monogeneans collected from European brackish-water localities as P. anguillae may require verification.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Echinorhynchus hexagrammi Baeva, 1965 is redescribed on the basis of specimens collected from the saffron cod Eleginus gracilis (Tilesius) in Akkeshi Bay (western North Pacific) off Hokkaido, Japan. Eighteen museum specimens deposited as E. salmonis Müller, 1784 from Japanese coastal waters were also re-examined and re-identified as E. hexagrammi. Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius, Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas), Podothecus sachi (Jordan & Snyder), Sebastes oblongus Günther and Verasper moseri Jordan & Gilbert are recognised as new hosts for E. hexagrammi. This acanthocephalan can be distinguished from three morphologically similar species, E. gadi Zoega in Müller, 1776, E. laurentianus Ronald, 1957 and E. salmonis, by the possession of the following characters: 12-16 (usually 14) rows of hook on the proboscis, a proboscis width of 170-240 μm in males and 195-270 μm in females, a hook root length of 35-45 μm in males and 40-50 μm in females, and linearly or almost linearly arranged cement glands in males.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Systematic Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heliconema longissimum (Ortlepp, 1923) is an ecologically poorly known nematode found in the stomach of Japanese eels, Anguilla japonica Temminck and Schlegel. The occurrence of this nematode in Japanese eels was surveyed in 2 contiguous brackish-water areas (Misho Cove and the lower Renjoji River) of Ehime Prefecture, western Japan, during April 2008 to March 2009. The factors associated with the nematode intensity were also assessed by applying generalized additive models (GAM). Heliconema longissimum exhibited nearly 100% prevalence in both areas, but its intensity differed. The heavier infection in the cove eels indicates that H. longissimum is mainly distributed in the cove, which supports the past speculation for this nematode as a brackish-water parasite. The intensity also increased with the body size of eels. This tendency suggests that the eels inhabiting the cove consume, as they grow, a greater quantity of crustaceans that presumably serve as the nematode's intermediate hosts.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As many as 1,079 specimens of the branchiuran parasite Argulus japonicus Thiele, 1900 were found on the body surface of an Amur catfish Silurus asotus in Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku, central Japan. This finding constitutes the first documented record of A. japonicus from Shikoku. Silurus asotus is a new host. The sex ratio in the sample of A. japonicus was male-biased. Among various skin regions of the fish, both the lateral area of the anterior trunk and the dorsal area of the head were most abundantly infected, and the dermal tissues in these areas were exposed externally.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six hundred fifteen specimens of the cystidicolid nematode Salvelinema salmonicola (Ishii, 1916) were found in the swimbladder of a sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka from Lake Toya, central Hokkaido, northern Japan. The stomach of this fish contained many, benthic gammaridean amphipods Jesogammarus jesoensis, which are most likely to serve as an intermediate host for S. salmonicola in the lake. While sockeye salmon are known to exclusively prey on small fish when the zooplankton biomass remains low in this locality, the present findings of S. salmonicola and J. jesoensis indicate that these salmon feed on benthic amphipods as well and get infected with the nematode.