Publications (3)0.35 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to compare the surgical complications and short-term outcome of renal transplants with single and multiple renal artery grafts. We reviewed the records of 105 kidney transplantations performed consecutively at our institution from July 2006 to May 2010. The data of 33 (31.4%) renal transplants with multiple arteries were compared with the 72 transplants with single artery (68.6%), and the incidence of surgical complications, post-transplant hypertension, acute tubular necrosis, acute graft rejection, mean creatinine level, and patient and graft survival was analyzed. We further subdivided the study recipients into three groups: group A (n = 72) with one-renal-artery allografts and one-artery anastomosis, group B (n = 6) with mul-tiple-artery allografts with single-artery anastomosis, and group C (n = 27) with multiple-artery allografts with multiple arterial anasatomosis, and compared their outcome. No significant diffe-rences were observed among the recipients of all the three groups regarding early vascular and urological complications, post-transplant hypertension, acute tubular necrosis, acute rejection, creatinine level, and graft and patient survival. The mean cold ischemia time in groups B and C was significantly higher (P <0.05). One patient in group A developed renal vein thrombosis resulting in graft nephrectomy. None of the patients with multiple renal arteries developed either vascular or urological complications. In conclusion, kidney transplantation using grafts with mul-tiple renal arteries is equally safe as using grafts with single renal artery, regarding vascular, urological complications, as well as patient and graft survival.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the frequency and types of post-transplant urological complications in live-related kidney transplantation with reference to the impact of JJ ureteric stent. Case series. Shaikh Zayed Postgraduate Medical Institute and National Institute of Kidney Diseases, Lahore, from June 2006 to July 2010. Consecutive renal transplantations, donors being alive were relatives, reterospectively reviewed. All patients underwent extravesical ureteroneocystostomy and all, except one were stented. From the retrieved clinical records, the frequency and types of various minor and major urological complications and their management was studied. All the complications were managed according to standard guidelines. The overall incidence of urological complications among transplant recipients was 11.9%, observed in 12 patients. The complications were urinary leakage in 2 (2%) and clot retention, ureterovesical junction obstruction and wound infection in one (1%) patient each. Urinary tract infection was observed in 7 (6.9%) patients. Urinary tract infection was the most common urologic complication in the studied cases. The technique of stented extravesical ureteronecystostomy had a low rate of urological complications in this series. Other factors which may reduce the urological complications are preserving adventitia, fat and blood supply of ureter by delicate dissection during donor nephrectomy and prevent kinking and twisting of ureter are important factors in reducing the post-transplant urological complications.
Article: LIVE RENAL DONORS[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives: To compare the findings of helical computed tomographic angiography and intra-operative findings in live relateddonors. To evaluate the accuracy of helical computed tomography with advanced 3D techniques in depicting the renal vasculature,parenchymal and anatomy of collecting system. Setting: Sheikh Zayed Post Graduate Medical Institute and National Institute of kidneydiseases Lahore. Material and Method: Between June 2006 to May 2009 eighty potential donors underwent CT angiogram as a part of theirpreoperative workup. We retrospectively studied the CT angiogram and compared the finding with the surgical findings. The results werereviewed with radiologists to determine the discrepancy in discordant cases. Results: The accuracy of CT angiography was 93.40% to predictnumber of vessels. Five arteries and one vein was missed, this disconcordant comprised 7.59% during initial CT interpretation. The overall concordance between CT angiography and operative findings in delineating the arterial anatomy was found in 74(93.67%) and venous in 78 (98.73%) donors. All CT scans demonstrated normal collecting system except one, which showed a dilated right pelvicalical system and ureter. Simple renal cysts about the size of 2-4 cm were found in the four left kidneys. CT scan supplied additional important anatomical information including kidney size and the presence of nephrolithiasis. Conclusion: Helical CT angiography is very specific for arterial and venous anatomy as well as other anatomical and functional details. It provides all the information required by a surgeon. It can become the single imaging modality for preoperative assessment of potential donors in place of conventional angiography and intravenous urography. CT angiography is minimally invasive and cost effective.
National Institute of Kidney Diseases & UrologyMujib City, Dhaka, Bangladesh