[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims:
Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma (PMM) is an uncommon tumour, accounting for only 7-9% of all mesotheliomas in Japan. Differential diagnosis between PMM and primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC), a high-grade serous carcinoma, may be difficult, and separating reactive mesothelial hyperplasia (RMH) from PMM can be even more challenging.
To help differentiate PMM from PPSC and RMH, we used immunohistochemistry to examine mesothelial-associated markers (calretinin, AE1/AE3, CK5/6, CAM5.2, D2-40, WT-1, HBME1, thrombomodulin), adenocarcinoma-associated markers (CEA, BerEP4, MOC31, ER (estrogen receptor), PgR, TTF-1, Claudin-4, Pax8), and malignant-related and benign-related markers (epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), desmin, GLUT-1, CD146 and IMP3), and FISH to examine for homozygous deletion of 9p21. We used formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks from 22 PMMs (M:F=18:4; subtypes: 16 epithelioid, 6 biphasic), 11 PPSCs and 23 RMHs.
Seventeen of the mesotheliomas (four PMM from women) were classified as diffuse, while five were localised. Calretinin was 91% positive in PMM, but negative in PPSC (specificity, 100%). BerEP4, Claudin-4 and PAX8 were all 100% positive in PPSC (specificities, 100%, 95% and 95%, respectively, for excluding PMM). For distinguishing PMM and RMH, sensitivity for EMA in mesothelioma was 68%, while for IMP3 and GLUT-1 it was 64% and 50%, respectively, all with high specificities. FISH analysis revealed homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus in 11/13 PMMs, but in 0/11 RMHs.
Calretinin and BerEP4 may be the best positive markers for differentiating PMM from PPSC. EMA, in combination with IMP3 and desmin, is useful, and homozygous deletion of 9p21 may be helpful, for differentiating PMM from RMH.
Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Clinical Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
The introduction of new therapies has made it important to differentiate between adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. To allow the use of various immunocytochemical stains on limited materials, we tried transferring cells from a given smear to multiple slides. Using touch-preparation samples of 215 surgically resected non-small cell lung carcinomas of confirmed histologic classification (adenocarcinoma,n = 101; squamous cell carcinoma,n = 114), we performed immunocytochemistry for thyroid transcription factor-1, napsin A, p40, p63, CK5/6 and desmocollin-3, and compared cytologic staining results with the corresponding resection.
We examined: (a) the expressions of the above 6 antibodies on cells transferred from touch imprints of resected specimens, the extent of staining being considered positive if more than 5% of the area was stained, and (b) the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for each antibody.
The histologic corresponding rate with Papanicolaou staining was only 73%. Regarding the differentiation of adenocarcinoma from squamous cell carcinoma, the sensitivity and specificity for napsin A in adenocarcinoma were 80 and 97%, respectively, while those for p40 in squamous cell carcinoma were 84 and 98%, respectively.
The immunocytochemical expressions of napsin A and p40 in imprint cytology seem to be of great utility for the accurate histological differentiation of lung cancers.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with cancer and Parkinson's disease, the DJ-1 protein may be secreted into the serum during the impaired response of the underlying cell-protective mechanisms. In order to determine the clinical significance of DJ-1 protein in the sera of breast cancer patients, we examined blood samples from a breast cancer group (n=180) and a non-cancerous control group (n=300). Higher levels of DJ-1 were detected in the breast cancer group (mean level; 42.7 ng/mL) than the control group (28.3 ng/mL) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (P=0.019). Higher DJ-1 levels were significantly associated with advanced clinical grade, according to the TNM classification, negative hormone receptor status, and high Ki-67 labeling index, of biopsied materials; samples showed low DJ-1 protein expression despite upregulated DJ-1 mRNA. DJ-1 isoforms could be detected clearly in 17 blood samples (from 11 breast cancer, and 6 non-cancerous patients) by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and immunoblot analysis. The isoform at the isoelectric point (pI) of 6.3 showed the highest intensity in all 11 cancer cases. Conversely, in the 6 non-cancerous cases, isoforms other than the pI 6.3 isoform were highly expressed, and there was a significant difference in the isoform pattern between breast cancer cases and controls (P = 0.00025). These data indicate that high levels of DJ-1, probably of isoform at pI 6.3 is a candidate for serum marker of breast cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Resveratrol reportedly improves fatty liver. This study purposed to elucidate the effect of resveratrol on fatty liver in mice fed a high-fat (HF) diet, and to investigate the role of liver macrophages (Kupffer cells).
C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups, receiving either a control diet, HF diet (50% fat), or HF supplemented with 0.2% resveratrol (HF+res) diet, for 8 weeks. Compared with the HF group, the HF+res group exhibited markedly attenuated fatty liver, and reduced lipid droplets (LDs) in hepatocytes. Proteomic analysis demonstrated that the most down-regulated protein in the livers of the HF+res group was adipose differentiation-related protein (ADFP), which is a major constituent of LDs and reflects lipid accumulation in cells. The HF+res group exhibited greatly increased numbers of CD68(+) Kupffer cells with phagocytic activity. Immunohistochemistry showed that several CD68(+) Kupffer cells were co-localized with ADFP immunoreaction in the HF + res group. Additionally, the HF + res group demonstrated markedly decreased TNF-alpha production, which confirmed by both liver mononuclear cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro and in situ hybridization analysis, compared with the HF group.
Resveratrol ameliorated fatty liver and increased CD68-positive Kupffer cells with down-regulating ADFP expression. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation spiral orbit-type time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-SpiralTOF) can analyse lipid profiles and characterise lipid structure. Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) also provides distribution maps of selected m/z values. Here, we investigated triacylglycerol (TG) structure and distribution using these technologies to estimate mouse fatty liver. The distribution and intensity of the most intense mass spectrum ion was indicated by IMS at m/z 881.7 (52:2). Analysis using MS/MS showed a structural change between liver TG and dietary TG. These findings suggest that MALDI-SpiralTOF is a powerful tool for clinical screening and estimating fatty liver.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease is associated with DJ-1/Parkinson protein 7 dysfunction. In contrast, hyperactivity of DJ-1 increases the resistance of cancer cells to apoptosis. Recent genetic studies showed that, in addition to apoptosis pathways, DJ-1 is also involved in cellular defense against reactive oxygen species. The activity of apoptotic and cellular defense pathways is key in determining drug sensitivity. DJ-1 overexpression is associated with various cancers. However, we previously found that there were approximately 50 % patients with breast cancers that expressed low levels of DJ-1 protein, despite mRNA upregulation. Furthermore, low DJ-1 expression was a significant predictor of poor clinical outcome in these patients. This study aimed to determine the association between low DJ-1 protein expression and pathological complete remission (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. Expression of DJ-1 in pre-therapeutic needle biopsies and surgical specimens obtained from 205 breast cancer cases that received neoadjuvant chemotherapy was determined using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Chemotherapy comprised epirubicin/cyclophosphamide taxane-based regimens with or without the inclusion of trastuzumab. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the predictive value of DJ-1 on pCR. Low DJ-1 protein expression was detected in 45.3 % (93/205) of all breast cancer cases and in 79.6 % (39/49) of pCR cases, irrespective of maintained mRNA levels. DJ-1 expression [hazard ratio (HR): 1.36; 95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.84] and HER2 status (HR: 0.84; 95 % CI: 0.62-1.14), in contrast to histological grade, hormone receptors status, Ki-67 labeling index, and intrinsic subtype, were significant predictors of pCR. Low DJ-1 expression predicted pCR in luminal A (P = 0.0004), luminal B (P = 0.0194), and triple negative (P = 0.0143) subtypes breast cancer patients and in patients receiving additional trastuzumab treatment (P = 0.008). In conclusion, low DJ-1 protein expression is a significant predictor of pCR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Experimental pulmonary hypertension that develops in hypobaric hypoxia is characterized by structural remodeling of the lung. Proteomics - which may be the most powerful way to uncover unknown remodeling proteins involved in enhancing cardiovascular performance - was used to study 150 male Wistar rats housed for up to 21 days in a chamber at the equivalent of 5500m altitude level. After 14 days' exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was significantly increased. In lung tissue, about 140 matching protein spots were found among 8 groups (divided according to their hypobaric period) by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) (pH4.5-pH6.5, 30kDa-100kDa). In hypobaric rats, three spots were increased two-fold or more (vs. control rats) in two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). The increased proteins were identified, by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF), as one isoform of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and two isoforms of protein disulfide isomerase associated 3. This result was confirmed by Western blotting analysis of 2D-PAGE. Conceivably, HSP70 and PDIA3 may play roles in modulating the lung structural remodeling that occurs due to pulmonary hypertension in hypobaric hypoxia.
No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Histology and histopathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is difficult to distinguish desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) from fibrous pleuritis (FP). We investigated the utility of immunohistochemistry as a way of differentiating between DMM and FP. We examined 11 DMMs and 46 FPs with the aid of antibodies against 18 cytokeratin (CK) subtypes, calponin, caldesmon, desmin, and GLUT-1. The best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 were each above 60%. When cases with either DMM or FP were partitioned by the staining score associated with the best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in ROC, the incidence of a positive expression for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 was significantly higher in DMM than in FP. In conclusion, immunohistochemistry for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 may be useful, alongside histological characteristics, for separating DMM from FP.
No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Histology and histopathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some studies have indicated that dietary cholesterol has a role in the progression of liver fibrosis. We investigated the mechanisms by which dietary cholesterol might contribute to hepatic fibrogenesis.
C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet or a control diet for 4 weeks; liver fibrosis then was induced by bile-duct ligation or carbon tetrachloride administration. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were isolated from mice fed high-cholesterol diets or from Niemann-Pick type C1-deficient mice, which accumulate intracellular free cholesterol.
After bile-duct ligation or carbon tetrachloride administration, mice fed high-cholesterol diets had significant increases in liver fibrosis and activation of HSCs compared with mice fed control diets. There were no significant differences in the degree of hepatocellular injury or liver inflammation, including hepatocyte apoptosis or Kupffer cell activation, between mice fed high-cholesterol or control diets. Levels of free cholesterol were much higher in HSCs from mice fed high-cholesterol diets than those fed control diets. In cultured HSCs, accumulation of free cholesterol in HSCs increased levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), leading to down-regulation of bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (a pseudoreceptor for transforming growth factor [TGF]β); the HSCs became sensitized to TGFβ-induced activation. Liver fibrosis was not aggravated by the high-cholesterol diet in C3H/HeJ mice, which express a mutant form of TLR4; HSCs that express mutant TLR4 were not activated by accumulation of free cholesterol.
Dietary cholesterol aggravates liver fibrosis because free cholesterol accumulates in HSCs, leading to increased TLR4 signaling, down-regulation of bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor, and sensitization of HSC to TGFβ. This pathway might be targeted by antifibrotic therapies.
No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although B cells in vertebrates have been thought to lack phagocytic activity, there has been a recent report of such ability by the B cells of early vertebrates such as fish and frogs. Here, we show for the first time that mouse liver IgM(+) B cells actively phagocytose microsphere beads and Escherichia coli and that they effectively kill bacterial cells. Such phagocytic activity is not observed in other liver MNCs, except for F4/80(+) Kupffer cells. In the presence of fresh mouse serum (but not heat-inactivated serum), the heat-killed E. coli phagocytic activity of liver B cells increased significantly but was inhibited significantly by anticomplement component C3 antibody, suggesting E. coli opsonization by serum factors, including complement components. Upon i.v. injection of FITC-labeled E. coli into mice, a substantial proportion of liver B cells phagocytosed the bacteria, as compared with spleen B cells. Functional phagolysosome formation in liver B cells was supported by several reagents showing an acidic change and lysosomes in the phagocytosed vacuoles. Indeed, mouse liver B cells killed viable E. coli more efficiently than did spleen B cells in vitro. Further, E. coli-phagocytic liver B cells produced a substantial amount of IL-12. These results indicate that liver B cells have phagocytic and bactericidal activities similar to those of dedicated phagocytes and may contribute to bacterial clearance.
No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of leukocyte biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The experimental pulmonary hypertension that develops in hypobaric hypoxia is characterized by structural remodeling of the heart. The P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) controls vascular tone and vessel remodeling in several blood vessels, and it has emerged as a key factor in the enhancement of cardiovascular performance.
To study the possible effects of hypobaric hypoxia on the P2X4R-synthesis system, 150 male Wistar rats were housed in a chamber at the equivalent of the 5,500 m altitude level for 21 days. After 14 days' exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was significantly increased. In the right ventricle (RV) of the heart, P2X4R expression was significantly increased on days 1 and 14 (mRNA) and on days 7 and 21 (protein) of hypobaric hypoxic exposure. Immunohistochemical staining for P2X4R protein became more intense in RV in the late phase of exposure. These changes in P2X4R synthesis in RV occurred alongside the increase in PAP. In addition, P2X1R and P2Y2R mRNA levels in the RV were significantly increased on days 1, 14, and 21, and day 5, respectively, of exposure. The level of P2X1R protein in the RV was significantly increased on day 21 of exposure.
Conceivably, P2 receptors, including P2X4R and P2X1R, might play roles in modulating the RV hypertrophy that occurs due to pulmonary hypertension in hypobaric hypoxia.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Circulation Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess whether early lung cancer prediction might be informed by an mRNA assay for 5-fluorouracil pathway genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs), we examined specimens taken from 51 adenocarcinoma patients and 38 controls (including six patients with benign tumors). PBMNCs and tumor-tissue specimens were taken for measurement of the mRNAs of various 5-fluorouracil pathway genes [thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), thymidine phosphorylase (TP), and orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT)]. By quantitative RT-PCR, all four mRNAs were detected in both PBMNCs and tumor tissues. In PBMNCs, TS mRNA/GAPDH mRNA levels were significantly higher in adenocarcinoma patients than in the controls, and significantly higher for pathological stages 2-4 and lymph-node involvement pN1-pN3 than for pathological stage 1 and pN0, respectively. No correlation between PBMNCs and tumor-tissue specimens was found for the level of any mRNA. Thus, the measurement of TS mRNA in PBMNCs might aid the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liver Kupffer cells have been suggested to be heterogeneous macrophage lineage cells. We explored this possibility by classifying the mouse Kupffer cells into subpopulations and characterizing them by their phenotype and function.
Liver mononuclear cells (MNCs) from C57BL/6 mice were isolated and their phenotypes and functions were analyzed. The effects of clodronate liposomes and gadolinium chloride (GdCl(3)) on Kupffer cells were also investigated.
Approximately 25% of liver MNCs were F4/80(+) Kupffer cells. Of these, 46% were CD11b(-)CD68(+), 22% were CD11b(+)CD68(-), and 6% were CD11b(+)CD68(+). CD68(+) cells showed potent phagocytic activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production capacity after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation, whereas CD11b(+) cells did not. CD11b(+) cells showed a strong capacity for the production of cytokines (TNF and IL-12), which was much less prominent in CD68(+) cells. At 24h after LPS or Escherichia coli injection into mice, the proportions of CD11b(+)CD68(-) and CD11b(+)CD68(+) cells increased but that of CD11b(-)CD68(+) cells decreased. The increase in CD11b(+)CD68(+) cells appeared to be derived from the CD11b(+)CD68(-) subset. Although the CD11b(+) cells augmented phagocytic activity after LPS injection, they did not increase ROS production, suggesting their weak lytic activity. Injection of clodronate or GdCl(3) into mice depleted the CD68(+) cells but increased CD11b(+) cells proportionally because CD68(+) cells may phagocytose these toxic reagents and undergo apoptosis. GdCl(3)-treated mice also consistently increased serum TNF after LPS challenge.
Two F4/80(+) Kupffer cell subsets may exist, a CD68(+) subset with phagocytic activity and a CD11b(+) subset with cytokine-producing capacity.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Journal of Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78; a major molecular chaperone at the endoplasmic reticulum, strongly expressed in several tumours) expression in urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the upper urinary tract (UUT) and to evaluate the diagnostic and progressive importance of GRP78 expression in UC-UUT.
We investigated GRP78 expression (using immunohistochemistry) in 126 UC-UUTs to assess its relevance to progression. GRP78 overexpression was recognised in 23 (18.3%) of tumour samples.
There was no association between GRP78 overexpression and clinicopathological findings, except for an association with low grade in invasive tumours. GRP78 overexpression significantly improved the disease-free survival rate in all patients (according to univariate and multivariate analyses), but did not alter the overall survival rate.
The detection of GRP78 overexpression would appear to provide valuable information for the prognosis of UC-UUT.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · BJU International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymphohistiocytoid mesothelioma (LHM), reported to be a rare variant of sarcomatoid mesothelioma, is challenging to differentiate from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma due to marked lymphocytic infiltration. To aid accurate recognition of LHM, we examined immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization (ISH) of Epstein-Barr virus RNA (EBER-1) mRNA, fluorescence ISH (FISH) for homozygous deletion of 9p21, and asbestos analysis in four cases (three men and 1 woman). Three patients died, while Case 4 was still alive 19 months after extrapleural pneumonectomy. Histologically, these cases were characterized by heavy lymphocytic infiltration. All neoplastic cells were positive for calretinin, AE1/AE3, and epithelial membrane antigen, but negative for CEA. EBER1 factor was negative. FISH analysis demonstrated homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus in three of the four cases. In Case 1: (i) autopsy findings showed mesothelioma primarily located in the right parietal pleura, but metastasized into the left lung and abdominal organs; (ii) the histological findings at autopsy indicated sarcomatoid mesothelioma; and (iii) we found asbestos bodies and fibers in extracts from lung tissue (Cases 1 & 4) using digestion with bleaching fluid. LHM, an infrequent variant of sarcomatoid mesothelioma, displayed homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus (three of four cases), and has a relatively favorable prognosis for the sarcomatoid type.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Pathology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While bone marrow or stem cell transplantation can rescue bone marrow aplasia in patients accidentally exposed to a lethal radiation dose, radiation-induced irreversible gastrointestinal damage (GI syndrome) is fatal. We investigated the effects of ascorbic acid on radiation-induced GI syndrome in mice. Ascorbic acid (150 mg/kg/day) was orally administered to mice for 3 days, and then the mice underwent whole body irradiation (WBI). Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) 24 h after irradiation rescued mice receiving a WBI dose of less than 12 Gy. No mice receiving 14 Gy-WBI survived, because of radiation-induced GI syndrome, even if they received BMT. However, pretreatment with ascorbic acid significantly suppressed radiation-induced DNA damage in the crypt cells and prevented denudation of intestinal mucosa; therefore, ascorbic acid in combination with BMT rescued mice after 14 Gy-WBI. DNA microarray analysis demonstrated that irradiation up-regulated expressions of apoptosis-related genes in the small intestine, including those related to the caspase-9-mediated intrinsic pathway as well as the caspase-8-mediated extrinsic pathway, and down-regulated expressions of these genes in ascorbic acid-pretreated mice. Thus, pretreatment with ascorbic acid may effectively prevent radiation-induced GI syndrome.
Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Journal of Radiation Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: Protein kinase C (PKC), cloned as a serine/threonine kinase, plays key roles in diverse intracellular signalling processes and in cardiovascular remodelling during pressure overload or volume overload. We looked for correlations between changes in PKC isoforms (levels and/or subcellular distributions) and cardiac remodelling during experimental hypobaric hypoxic environment (HHE)-induced pulmonary hypertension.
Methods: To study the PKC system in the heart during HHE, 148 male Wistar rats were housed for up to 21 days in a chamber at the equivalent of 5500 m altitude level (10% O2).
Results: At 14 or more days of exposure to HHE, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was significantly increased. In the right ventricle (RV): (1) the expression of PKC-α protein in the cytosolic and membrane fractions was increased at 3–14 days and at 5–7 days of exposure respectively; (ii) the cytosolic expression of PKC-δ protein was increased at 1–5, 14 and 21 days of exposure; (3) the membrane expressions of the proteins were decreased at 14–21 (PKC-βII), 14–21 (PKC-γ), and 0.5–5 and 21 (PKC-ε) days of exposure; (4) the expression of the active form of PKC-α protein on the plasma membrane was increased at 3 days of exposure (based on semiquantitative analysis of the immunohistochemistry). In the left ventricle, the expressions of the PKC mRNAs, and of their cytosolic and membrane proteins, were almost unchanged. The above changes in PKC-α, which were strongly evident in the RV, occurred alongside the increase in PAP.
Conclusion: PKC-α may help to modulate the right ventricular hypertrophy caused by pulmonary hypertension in HHE.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Acta Physiologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Reported herein is a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma, initially diagnosed on cervical lymph node biopsy. A 58-year-old man, without obvious evidence of asbestos exposure, exhibited repeated pleural effusion (cause unclear), which was resolved by diuretics. A neck mass was apparent and was identified pathologically as a lymph node metastasis of malignant mesothelioma. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT established the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Two conclusions emerge from this report: (i) cervical lymph node metastasis of pleural mesothelioma, although rare, should be included in differential diagnosis; and (ii) positron emission tomography/CT is useful for establishing a diagnosis of mesothelioma.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Pathology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: System l-amino acid transport mediates the uptake of aromatic neutral amino acids and nutritionally essential amino acids from extracellular fluids. Little is known about the role of l-amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), a member of the system l-amino acid transporter family, in non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs).
We examined (i) LAT1 mRNA levels in 40 normal lung tissues (NLTs) and 237 NSCLCs using semiquantitative RT-PCR, (ii) LAT1 protein expression in 295 NSCLCs using immunohistochemistry, and (iii) whether LAT1 mRNA and protein expressions were related to clinicopathologic findings and outcome.
The LAT1 mRNA level was significantly higher in all NSCLCs (6.81+/-1.13) than in NLT (1.00+/-0.18). The LAT1 mRNA level showed no association with clinicopathologic findings or outcome. LAT1 protein was detected with a diffuse or granular appearance within the cytoplasm and/or on the plasma membrane of tumor cells. When tumors were graded as positive if staining indicating a plasma membrane expression of LAT1 protein made up more than 10% of the tumor, the frequency of this membrane expression was found to be associated with tumor histology, differentiation grade, pathologic stage, T classification, pleural invasion, lymph-vessel invasion, and overall survival rate.
Detection of a plasma membrane expression of LAT1 protein would appear to be of value in informing the prognosis in NSCLC cases.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, Buerger's disease) is an idiopathic, recurrent, segmental, nonatherosclerotic, inflammatory, occlusive vascular disease with a poorly understood pathogenesis. Intestinal or multi-organ involvement is rare. Recent immunohistochemical analyses of ordinary TAO have indicated an inflammatory and immunologic pathogenesis. We report a case of TAO involving multiple large vessels. By immunohistochemistry, CD3+ T cells were revealed around the recanalization sites within the abdominal aorta. CD4+ T cells were almost equal in number to CD8+ T cells. These findings indicate the participation of inflammatory and immunologic processes in TAO with multi-organ involvement (as in ordinary TAO).
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Cardiovascular pathology: the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology