[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the burden of disease in the Sfax region and identify the main diseases that are the cause of lost life years due to premature death.
The calculation of lost life years due to premature death was conducted using the demographic mortality data for the region obtained from the National Institute of Statistics combined with data on the classification of the causes of death collected through a survey on these causes conducted through a random sample taken from half of the deaths in the region. As described by Murray and Lopez, years of life lost as a result of premature death represent the difference between the age of death and an age corresponding to life expectancy falling between 65 and 85 years.
Out of a total of 52,316 life years lost that were recorded 27,902 were in the male population and 24,414 in the female. The main diseases found in males which cause lost life years are accidents (24.9%), cardiovascular diseases (17.3%), communicable diseases (17%), respiratory diseases (10.8%), prenatal problems (59.5%), and cancer (7.5%). For women the main causes were cardiovascular diseases (26.5%), respiratory illness (15.5%), accidents (11.5%), communicable diseases (10.3%) and cancer (9.5%).
These results marking the epidemiological transition in the region should serve to steer decision-makers to better rationalize and plan for health care costs and expenditure.