Gang Zhao

China Medical University (PRC), Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China

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Publications (6)9.29 Total impact

  • Hui-Li Liu · Gang Zhao · He Zhang · Li-de Shi
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    ABSTRACT: Previously our study has demonstrated that long-term treadmill exercise improved cognitive deficit in APP/PS1 transgenic mice of Alzheimer's disease (AD) paralleled by enhanced long-term potentiation (LTP). The present study was undertaken to further investigate whether the treadmill running could inhibit the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like neuropathology in hippocampus of the APP/PS1 mouse models of AD, and to define a potential molecular mechanism underlying the exercise-induced reduction in AD-like neuropathology. Five months of treadmill exercise resulted in a robust reduction in β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and tau phosphorylation in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice. This was accompanied by a significant decrease in APP phosphorylation and PS1 expression. We also observed GSK3, rather than CDK5, was inhibited by treadmill exercise. These results indicate that treadmill exercise is sufficient to inhibit the progression of AD-like neuropathology in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model, and may mediate APP processing in favor of reduced Aβ deposition. In addition, we demonstrate that treadmill exercise attenuates AD-like neuropathology in AD transgenic mice via a GSK3 dependent signaling pathway.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Behavioural brain research
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    ABSTRACT: Exercise can increase skeletal muscle sensitivity to insulin, improve insulin resistance and regulate glucose homeostasis in rat models of type 2 diabetes. However, the potential mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, we established a male Sprague-Dawley rat model of type 2 diabetes, with insulin resistance and β cell dysfunction, which was induced by a high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin to replicate the pathogenesis and metabolic characteristics of type 2 diabetes in humans. We also investigated the possible mechanism by which chronic and acute exercise improves metabolism, and the phosphorylation and expression of components of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and downstream components of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways in the soleus. As a result, blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and free fatty acid were significantly increased, whereas insulin level progressively declined in diabetic rats. Interestingly, chronic and acute exercise reduced blood glucose, increased phosphorylation and expression of AMPKα1/2 and the isoforms AMPKα1 and AMPKα2, and decreased phosphorylation and expression of AMPK substrate, acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC). Chronic exercise upregulated phosphorylation and expression of AMPK upstream kinase, LKB1. But acute exercise only increased LKB1 expression. In particular, exercise reversed the changes in protein kinase C (PKC)ζ/λ phosphorylation, and PKCζ phosphorylation and expression. Additionally, exercise also increased protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt1, Akt2 and GLUT4 expression, but AS160 protein expression was unchanged. Chronic exercise elevated Akt (Thr(308)) and (Ser(473)) and AS160 phosphorylation. Finally, we found that exercise increased peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1 (PGC1) mRNA expression in the soleus of diabetic rats. These results indicate that both chronic and acute exercise influence the phosphorylation and expression of components of the AMPK and downstream to PIK3 (aPKC, Akt), and improve GLUT4 trafficking in skeletal muscle. These data help explain the mechanism how exercise regulates glucose homeostasis in diabetic rats.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · PLoS ONE
  • Hui-li Liu · Gang Zhao · Kui Cai · Hai-hua Zhao · Li-de Shi
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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease clinically characterized by learning and memory function deterioration. While it is well established that exercise can improve cognitive performance in AD, there have been few basic cellular and molecular mechanisms research performed to test the interaction between exercise and AD. In this study, we aimed at investigating whether treadmill exercise improves learning and memory function in APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by enhancing long-term potentiation (LTP) and up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA expression. Our results show that, in comparison to wild type mice, transgenic mice were characterized by impaired learning and memory function, LTP deficits and increased BDNF mRNA levels. Treadmill exercise enhanced learning and memory function not only in wild type mice but also in APP/PS1 mice paralleled by LTP. However, BDNF has emerged as a crucial regulator of synaptic plasticity mechanisms underlying learning and memory in wild-type mice, but not in APP/PS1 mice. Hence, this investigation demonstrates that treadmill exercise is an effective therapeutic that alleviate learning and memory decline in APP/PS1 mouse model, and enhanced LTP maybe a cellular mechanism involved in neuropathological course of AD and cognitive improvement induced by exercise.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Behavioural brain research
  • Shi-cheng Cao · Gang Zhao · Bo Chang · He Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of exercise on the expressions of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (PKB) phosphorylation, protein and glucose transport proteins (GLUT4) at both the protein and mRNA levels in the skeletal muscles of type 2 diabetic rats. Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group with normal diet feeding, diabetic group and diabetic exercise group with high-fat diet feeding. After 8 weeks of the high-fat diet, each rat received an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 30 mg/kg). Three weeks after the injection, the rats were rated for the presence of diabetes, and the rats in the exercise groups took swimming training for 4 weeks; all the groups maintained their assigned diets. The gastrocnemius of all the rats were dissected 48 h after the last training session. Western blotting was applied to detect the phosphorylation and protein expression of PI3K and PKB and the protein expression of GLUT4. The expression of GLUT4 mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Compared with the diabetic group, the diabetic rats in the exercise group showed significantly increased protein expression and phosphorylation of PKB (P<0.05) and elevated GLUT4 protein and mRNA expressions in the skeletal muscles (P<0.01, P<0.05). Exercise training can modulates insulin signal transduction through the protein expression and phosphorylation of the protein kinase to promote glucose uptake in the skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic rats.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of exercise on JNK phosphorylation, protein and gene expression. Male rats were randomly divided into control and trained groups. The trained rats were submitted to 1 h or 1.5 h of exercise daily and had a fragment of their excised gastrocenemius muscle, 24 h or 48 h after the last training session. The train lasted for 7 weeks. The changes in the expressions of JNK and p-JNK were determined by Western blotting. The expression of JNK mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Glucose tolerance test found that blood insulin concentration was decreased with exercise training. Exercise led to a marked increase in p-JNK of trained groups 24 hours after exercise in rats that exercised for 1 hour per day and 24 and 48 hours after the exercise in those that exercised for 1.5 hours per day as compared with controls, and the protein expression of JNK significantly increased 24 and 48 hours after the exercise in rats that exercised for 1.5 hours per day. JNK mRNA was increased by exercise 1.5 h/d, 24 h after the last training session. Exercise could increase muscle responsiveness to insulin, improving the total JNK and p-JNK and mRNA expression.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of exercise on phosphorylated and total ERK1/2, and mRNA of ERK2. Male rats were randomly divided into control and trained groups. The trained rats were submitted to 1 h or 1.5 h of exercise daily and had a fragment of their excised gastroenemius muscle, 24 h or 48 h after the last training session. The train lasted for 7 weeks. The changes in the expressions of ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 were determined by Western blotting.The expression of ERK2 mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Exercise led to a marked increase in p-ERK1/2 of trained groups as compared with controls, and increased ERK1/2 protein expression of training 1.5 h/d, 24 h and 48 h after the last training session. ERK2 mRNA was increased by exercise 1 h/d, 24 h and exercise 1.5 h/d, 24 h and 48 h after the last training session. Glucose tolerance test found that blood insulin concentration was decreased with exercise training. Endurance exercise could increase muscle responsiveness to insulin by improving the total ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2, ERK2 mRNA expression.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2007 · Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology

Publication Stats

79 Citations
9.29 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • China Medical University (PRC)
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China
  • 2012
    • Shenyang Medical College
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China