[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach to chronic kidney disease (CKD) may help optimize care of CKD and comorbidities. We implemented an MDT quality improvement project for persons with stage 3 CKD and comorbid diabetes and/or hypertension. Our objective was to decrease the rate of decline of GFR.
We used a 4-year historical cohort to compare 1769 persons referred for usual nephrology care versus 233 referred for MDT care within an integrated, not-for-profit Health Maintenance Organization (HMO). Usual care consisted of referral to an outside nephrologist. The MDT consisted of an HMO-based nephrologist, pharmacy specialist, diabetes educator, dietitian, social worker, and nephrology nurse. Both groups received usual primary care. The primary outcome was rate of decline of GFR. Secondary outcomes were LDL, hemoglobin A1c, and BP.
In multivariate repeated-measures analyses, MDT care was associated with a mean annual decline in GFR of 1.2 versus 2.5 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) for usual care. In stratified analyses, the significant difference in GFR decline persisted only in those who completed their referrals. There were no differences in the secondary outcomes between groups.
In this integrated care setting, MDT care resulted in a slower decline in GFR than usual care. This occurred despite a lack of significant differences for secondary disease-specific measures, suggesting that other differences in the MDT population or care process accounted for the slower decline in GFR in the MDT group.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at significant risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The National Kidney Foundation developed clinical practice guidelines (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative) for targeting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals.
This study evaluated the extent to which these guidelines were adhered to among patients with CKD and to examine factors associated with the attainment of LDL-C goals.
In this cross-sectional study we evaluated patients with a glomerular filtration rate of 15 to 59 mL/min per 1.73 m². Patients with previous CVD, who were receiving dialysis, or were post kidney transplant were excluded. Administrative databases were used to determine the percentage of patients with a fasting lipid profile performed within the previous year, the percentage who attained a LDL-C goal less than 100 mg/dL, and to determine lipid-lowering medications prescribed. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with LDL-C goal attainment.
Of the 4541 patients evaluated, 3157 (69.5%) had a fasting lipid profile performed within the previous year. Overall, 60.8% attained a LDL-C less than 100 mg/dL. Among patients at goal, 72.2% were taking lipid-lowering therapy compared with 37.9% of those not at goal (P < .01). Characteristics independently associated with LDL-C goal attainment were increasing age, male gender, increasing chronic disease score, history of diabetes, and statin use.
Although most patients were screened and attained LDL-C goal, there was room for improvement. Statin use was independently associated with LDL-C goal attainment. Future prospective studies should focus on evaluating clinical outcomes of lipid-lowering interventions within the CKD population.