Chang Mo Moon

Ewha Womans University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (71)367.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Data regarding outcomes for patients with multiple findings for high-risk adenomas are scarce. Aim To compare the risk for colorectal neoplasm (CRN) recurrence according to the number of high-risk findings. Methods This was a retrospective and multicenter study. Patients who had one or more high-risk adenomas at the index colonoscopy and underwent follow-up colonoscopy 2.5 or more years after the index colonoscopy were included. The number of high-risk findings was defined as follows: number of adenomas larger than 1 cm + number of adenomas with HGD + number of adenomas with a villous component + existence (counted as 1) or nonexistence (counted as 0) of three or more adenomas. Results A total of 1646 patients were included, and the mean duration between index and follow-up colonoscopy was approximately 4 years. The cumulative incidence rate of recurrent advanced CRN in patients with three or more high-risk findings was higher than that in patients with one or two high-risk findings (p < 0.001). However, the difference in 3-year cumulative incidence rates of recurrent advanced CRN between the two groups was not great, although it was statistically significant (4.8 vs. 2.3 %, p = 0.039). Conclusions A 3-year surveillance interval for patients with multiple high-risk findings, regardless of the number of high-risk findings, appears reasonable.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Goals: To investigate the association between treatment nonadherence and patients' knowledge of the prescribed medication among individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and evaluate the impact of nonadherence on relapse. Background: The patient's knowledge of the prescribed medication has been identified as an important predictor of treatment adherence in chronic diseases. However, this association has not been examined in IBD. Study: In this prospective study, at baseline, 138 patients with IBD completed a self-reported survey on demographic data, knowledge of the prescribed medication, and candidate factors related to the degree of treatment adherence. To investigate the impact of nonadherence among patients in remission, relapse was analyzed for 18 months after enrollment. Results: Nonadherence was observed in 50 (36.2%) of the 138 subjects. In multivariate analysis, nonadherence was significantly associated with younger age (less than 30 y) at participation [odds ratio (OR), 5.88; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.51-22.94; P=0.011], longer intervals between outpatient clinic visits (≥3 mo) (OR, 30.31; 95% CI, 3.06-300.17; P=0.004), and limited knowledge of the prescribed medication (OR, 5.61; 95% CI, 1.60-19.67; P=0.038). Nonadherent patients had a significantly greater risk of relapse of IBD than adherent patients (relative risk, 2.9; 95% CI, 2.25-3.79; P=0.045). Conclusion: Younger age, longer intervals between outpatient clinic visits, and limited knowledge of the prescribed medication tended to be associated with nonadherence to treatment, which consequently also affects the risk of relapse.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of clinical gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Advanced adenoma (>10 mm in diameter, villous structure or high-grade dysplasia) in young patients may have different characteristics and prognosis compared with those in older patients. We aimed to compare the incidence of colorectal neoplasms in young patients with older patients after removing high-risk adenoma (advance adenoma or ≥3 adenomas). Methods: A retrospective, multicenter study was conducted at 13 university hospitals in Korea. The 1479 patients who removed high-risk adenoma at index colonoscopy and followed by surveillance colonoscopy ≥2.5 years after were included. The cumulative incidence of overall and advanced colorectal neoplasms was compared according to the age groups (group 1: <50 years, group 2: 50-70 years, and group 3: ≥ 70 years). Results: The prevalence of advance adenoma detected at index colonoscopy was significantly higher in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3 (85.4%, 78.1%, and 77.2%, respectively; p = 0.035). The 5 years cumulative incidence of overall and advanced colorectal neoplasms were 61.9%, 67.9%, and 74.7% (p < 0.001), and 11.7%, 17.9%, and 27.1% (p = 0.001) in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. In multivariate analysis, age >70 years was a significant risk factor for developing overall (hazard ratio [HR] 1.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-1.82, P = 0.004) and advanced colorectal neoplasms (HR = 2.56, 95% CI 1.43-4.59, p = 0.002). Conclusion: The cumulative incidence of overall and advanced colorectal neoplasms was significantly higher in older patients than in young patient groups. Age was a significant risk factor for developing colorectal neoplasms after removing high-risk adenoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is known to have differential expression in various carcinomas and normal tissues. It has been shown to be involved in carcinogenesis or tumor suppression. However, its role in gastric cancer remains unknown. This study was performed to determine the CaSR expression level in gastric cancer and non-tumor gastric tissues and to examine the related clinicopathological factors. Thirty-one pairs of gastric cancer tissues and matched non-tumor gastric tissues were obtained from surgical tissues after gastrectomy. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction, we measured CaSR mRNA expression. We evaluated the association between CaSR mRNA expression and clinicopathological variables based on the downregulation or upregulation of CaSR mRNA expression in gastric cancer tissues compared to those of matched non-tumor gastric tissues. By immunohistochemistry, we confirmed CaSR expression levels in gastric cancer tissues. Downregulation of CaSR mRNA was observed in 77.4% of gastric cancer tissues compared to their matched normal tissues. Downregulated CaSR was associated with a tendency for deeper invasion into the proper muscle (p = 0.028) and more advanced stage (II-IV; p = 0.012). We conclude that downregulation of CaSR may contribute to the prevention or suppression of tumor outgrowth.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Low-volume polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparations have been developed to improve compliance for colonoscopy. Our study aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid for colonoscopy against 2 L of PEG plus bisacodyl. We prospectively enrolled consecutive inpatients who had not undergone polypectomy at the index colonoscopy and were subsequently referred for polypectomy at our hospital. A total of 62 patients were randomized to receive either low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid (n = 31) or 2 L of PEG plus bisacodyl (n = 31) as a split-dose regimen in inpatients. The efficacy of preparation was determined using the Ottawa Bowel Preparation Score (OBPS) and a 4-point scale. Adverse events, tolerability, and willingness were evaluated using a questionnaire. Based on the OBPS and 4-point scale, we determined that the efficacy of low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid was comparable to that of the 2 L of PEG plus bisacodyl (p = 0.071 for OBPS, p = 0.056 for the 4-point scale). Adverse events were comparable between the two groups (p = 1.000). A greater proportion of patients in the low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid (90.6%) and the 2L of PEG plus bisacodyl (96.9%) were willing to repeat the same preparation for subsequent colonoscopy. Low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid had comparable efficacy and tolerability to 2 L of PEG plus bisacodyl, when given as a split dose, for colonoscopy in inpatients. Split-dose low-volume PEG containing ascorbic acid is a good alternative for bowel preparation for colonoscopy in inpatients.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Gastroenterology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Borrmann type 4 advanced gastric cancer (AGC) is difficult to diagnose. There are no typical endoscopic findings. Endoscopic biopsies have a high false negative rate because Borrmann type 4 AGC frequently resides below the submucosal cells from which it develops. The aim of this study was to investigate the endoscopic findings of Borrmann type 4 AGC in order to improve diagnosis rates.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims Several recent studies have reported that the early use of infliximab (IFX) improves the prognosis of Crohn's disease (CD). However, no data are available from Asian populations, as the forementioned studies have all been conducted in Western countries. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of early use of IFX on the prognosis of Korean patients with CD. Methods Patients with a diagnosis of CD established between July 1987 and January 2012 were investigated in 12 university hospitals in Korea. Because insurance coverage for IFX treatment began in August 2005, patients were assigned to either of 2 groups based on diagnosis date. The first group included patients diagnosed from July 1987 to December 2005, and the second from January 2006 to January 2012. We compared the cumulative probabilities of operation and reoperation between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method and a log-rank test. Results Of the 721 patients investigated, 443 (61.4%) comprized the second group. Although the cumulative probabilities of immunosuppressant (P<0.001) and IFX use (P<0.001) after diagnosis were significantly higher in the second group, there were no significant differences in cumulative probabilities of operation (P=0.905) or reoperation (P=0.418) between two groups. Conclusions The early use of IFX did not reduce CD-related surgery requirements in Korean patients with CD. These study results suggest that the early use of IFX may have little impact on the clinical outcome of CD in Korean patients in the setting of a conventional step-up algorithm.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims Recently, several studies have revealed that diagnostic imaging can result in exposure to harmful levels of ionizing radiation in inflammatory bowel disease patients. However, the extent of radiation exposure in intestinal Behcet disease (BD) patients has not been documented. The aim of this study was to estimate the radiation exposure from abdominal imaging studies in intestinal BD patients. Methods Patients with a diagnosis of intestinal BD established between January 1990 and March 2012 were investigated at a single tertiary academic medical center. The cumulative effective dose (CED) was calculated retrospectively from standard tables and by counting the number of abdominal imaging studies performed. High exposure was defined as CED >50 mSv. Results In total, 270 patients were included in the study. The mean CED was 41.3 mSv, and 28.1% of patients were exposed to high levels of radiation. Computed tomography (CT) accounted for 81.7% of the total effective dose. In multivariate analyses, predictors of high radiation exposure were azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine use, surgery, and hospitalization. Conclusions Approximately a quarter of intestinal BD patients were exposed to harmful levels of diagnostic radiation, mainly from CT examination. Clinicians should reduce the number of unnecessary CT examinations and consider low-dose CT profiles or alternative modalities such as magnetic resonance enterography.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Gut and liver
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    ABSTRACT: Background and AimPrior studies have reported 2-L PEG plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc) is an effective alternative to standard 4-L PEG for bowel preparation before colonoscopy, but they are limited due to some confounders. Therefore, we compared the efficacy, patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety of 2-L PEG + Asc versus 4-L PEG for bowel cleansing in optimal preparation strategies. Methods In this prospective, randomized, single-blind trial, consenting outpatients were randomly assigned to one of two arms. All colonoscopies were scheduled in the morning and cleansing solutions were administered as a split-dose regimen. Bowel cleansing efficacy in three different segments was measured on a five-point scale with four-point overall grading. Patients’ opinions of the preparation regimens were obtained by questionnaire. ResultsThere was no significant difference between the 2-L PEG + Asc (159/163; 97.5%) and 4-L PEG (162/164; 98.8%) with respect to the overall success of bowel cleansing (mean difference = – 1.3 [– 4.1 - ∞]). Patient compliance, acceptability, and satisfaction were better in the 2-L PEG + Asc arm than the 4-L PEG arm (P < 0.05). Additionally, the incidence of side-effects was lower in the 2-L PEG + Asc than the 4-L PEG (overall, 57.7% vs. 73.2%, P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was seen in patients’ rating of taste. Conclusions In an optimal preparation setting, 2-L PEG + Asc has equal efficacy as a bowel cleanser prior to colonoscopy as 4-L PEG, with the advantages of better patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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    Preview · Article · May 2014 · Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate immunity-related guanosine triphosphatase family M (IRGM) genetic variants associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) in a Korean population. We conducted a prospective case-control study including 193 patients with active TB in Severance Hospital and 230 age- and sex-matched unrelated controls registered in Yonsei Cardiovascular Genome Center. Based on associations with other chronic inflammatory conditions, we analyzed the allele and genotype frequencies of rs72553867, rs10065172, and rs12654043 among patients with TB and healthy controls. The T allele of rs10065172 was significantly associated with protection against developing TB based on allele frequency [P = 0.042; odds ratio (OR) 0.75] and genotype distribution in the codominant model (P = 0.036; OR 0.73). This is the first study to identify a significant association between the IRGM single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10065172 and susceptibility to active TB disease in an Asian population. The results suggest that IRGM genetic variants could be associated with susceptibility to active TB disease in the Korean population.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Infection

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Crohn s and Colitis
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play a pivotal role in cancer relapse or metastasis. We investigated the CSC-suppressing effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the relevant mechanisms in colorectal cancer (CRC). We measured the effect of NSAIDs on CSC populations in Caco-2 or SW620 cells using colosphere formation and flow cytometric analysis of PROM1 (CD133)(+) CD44(+) cells after indomethacin treatment with/without PGE2 or PPARG antagonist, and examined the effect of indomethacin on transcriptional activity and protein expression of NOTCH/HES1 and PPARG. These effects of indomethacin were also evaluated in a xenograft mouse model. NSAIDs (indomethacin, sulindac, and aspirin), celecoxib, γ-secretase inhibitor, and PPARG agonist significantly decreased the number of colospheres formation compared to controls. In Caco-2 and SW620 cells, compared to controls, PROM1 (CD133)(+) CD44(+) cells were significantly decreased by indomethacin treatment, and increased by 5-FU treatment. This 5-FU-induced increase of PROM1 (CD133)(+) CD44(+) cells was significantly attenuated by combination with indomethacin. This CSC-inhibitory effect of indomethacin was reversed by addition of PGE2 and PPARG antagonist. Indomethacin significantly decreased CBFRE and increased PPRE transcriptional activity and their relative protein expressions. In xenograft mouse experiments using 5-FU-resistant SW620 cells, the 5-FU treatment combined with indomethacin significantly reduced tumor growth, compared to 5-FU alone. In addition, treatment of indomethacin alone or combination of 5-FU and indomethacin decreased the expressions of PROM1 (CD133), CD44, PTGS2 (cyclooxygenase 2) and HES1, and increased PPARG expression. NSAIDs could selectively reduce the colon CSCs and suppress 5-FU-induced increase of CSCs via inhibiting PTGS2 (cyclooxygenase 2) and NOTCH/HES1, and activating PPARG. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · International Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: The association between the types of genomic instability and cancer stem cell (CSC) has not been elucidated. We aimed to investigate the expressions of CSC markers with respect to microsatellite instability (MSI) status in human colorectal cancer (CRC). Immunostainings for CD133, CD44, and CD166, and K-ras mutation analysis were performed on 50 MSI-high (MSI-H), and 50 microsatellite stable (MSS) CRC tissues. In 11 MSS and MSI-H CRC cell lines, CD133 expression and DNA methylation statuses of the CD133 promoter were determined. The proportion of CD133 positive cells and the ability of colosphere formation were compared between HCT116 cells and HCT116 + Chr3 cells (hMLH1-restored HCT116 cells). Immunohistochemistry for CSC markers revealed that high CD133 expression was more frequent in MSS cancers than in MSI-H (P < 0.001, 74.0% vs. 28.0%, respectively), and related with short disease-free survival. Neither CD44 nor CD166 expression differed significantly with respect to MSI status. K-ras mutation showed no association with expressions of CD133, CD44, or CD166. CD133 expression was relatively high in the MSS cell lines compared to those in MSI-H, and showed a reverse correlation with DNA methylation of the CD133 promoter. hMLH1-restored HCT116 cells increased proportions of CD133 positive cells and colosphere forming ability, compared to those in HCT116 cells. In conclusion, high levels of CD133 expression were observed more frequently in MSS CRC than in MSI-H, suggesting that differential expression of colon CSC markers may be linked to tumor characteristics dependent on MSI status. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Molecular Carcinogenesis

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background and AimAlthough differences in genetic susceptibility and the clinical features of Crohn's disease (CD) have been reported between Asian and Caucasian patients, the disease course and predictors of CD in Asians remains poorly defined. The study therefore aimed to investigate factors predictive of the clinical outcomes of patients with CD in a Korean population. Methods This retrospective multicenter cohort study included 728 Korean CD patients from 13 university hospitals. The first CD-related surgery or need for immunosuppressive or biological agents were regarded as the clinical outcomes of interest. ResultsA total of 126 (17.3%) CD patients underwent CD-related surgery, while 473 (65.0%) and 196 (26.9%) were prescribed thiopurine drugs and infliximab, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified current (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.86; P = 0.018) and former smoking habits (HR = 1.78; P = 0.049), stricturing (HR = 2.24; P < 0.001), and penetrating disease behavior at diagnosis (HR = 3.07; P < 0.001) as independent predictors associated with the first CD-related surgery. With respect to immunosuppressive and biological agents, younger age (< 40 years) (HR = 2.17; P < 0.001 and HR = 2.10; P = 0.006, respectively), ileal involvement (HR = 1.36; P = 0.035 and HR = 2.17; P = 0.006, respectively), and perianal disease (HR = 1.42; P = 0.001 and HR = 1.38; P = 0.038, respectively) at diagnosis were significant predictors for the need of these medications. Conclusions In Korean patients with CD, stricturing, penetrating disease behavior, and smoking habits at the time of diagnosis are independent predictors for CD-related surgery. It was also identified that younger age (< 40 years), ileal involvement, and perianal disease at diagnosis are predictive of a need for immunosuppressive or biological agents.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal metaplasia (IM), a premalignant lesion, is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. Although estrogen exposure, including tamoxifen, has been studied in correlation with gastric cancer, little has been investigated about its effects on IM. Therefore, we investigated whether chronic tamoxifen use was associated with the risk of IM in human stomach. We evaluated 512 gastric biopsies from 433 female breast cancer patients that underwent endoscopic gastroduodenoscopy (EGD) ≥6 months after breast surgery. Histopathological findings were scored according to the updated Sydney classification. Demographic and clinical characteristics were also included to identify predictive factors for IM. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, age at EGD (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; P = 0.002), biopsies from antrum (OR 2.08; P < 0.001), and Helicobacter pylori positivity (OR 1.68; P = 0.016) were significantly associated with an increased risk of IM, whereas chronic tamoxifen use (≥3 months) was associated with a decreased risk of IM (OR 0.59; P = 0.025). After stratifying by biopsy site, association between tamoxifen use and IM persisted for corpus (OR 0.42; P = 0.026) but not for antrum (OR 0.74; P = 0.327). In analysis limited to patients with follow-up EGD, chronic tamoxifen use also correlated with improved IM score compared to no tamoxifen use (improved, 77.8 vs. 22.2 %; no change, 65.4 vs. 34.6 %; worsened, 30.0 vs. 70.0 %; P = 0.019). This study suggests that chronic tamoxifen use can decrease the risk of IM in human stomach. The effect of tamoxifen is predominantly observed in the corpus.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Publication Stats

514 Citations
367.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015-2016
    • Ewha Womans University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013-2014
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kangbuk Samsung Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008-2014
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Institute of Gastroenterology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003-2014
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Myongji Hospital
      QYK, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea