[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
Adequate pain management following day-case surgery allows early ambulation of patients. In this study, we aimed to compare postoperative analgesic efficacy of intravenous (iv) dexketoprofen vs. iv paracetamol following day-case operative hysteroscopy.
One hundred and fourteen American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II patients scheduled for day-case operative hysteroscopy were recruited and randomized to three groups in the study. Group D received 50 mg iv dexketoprofen trometamol, Group P 1000 mg iv paracetamol and Group C normal saline solution. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain intensity, pain relief, sedation, nausea-vomiting, other side effects, and additional opioid analgesic requirement were noted at postoperative 15 minutes (min), 30 min, 1 hour (h), 2 h, and 3 h. Patients with VAS>=40 mm received meperidine 0.25 mg/kg as rescue analgesic medication.
VAS scores at 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, and 2 h were significantly lower in Group D compared to Group C. VAS scores at 15 min and 30 min were significantly lower in Group D compared to Group P. The percentages of patients who required opioid treatment were 34%, 60%, and 63% in Groups D, P and C, respectively (p<0.05). Total delivered opioid dose was 0.10±0.16 mg/kg, 027±0.33 mg/kg and 0.28±0.25 mg/kg in Groups D, P and C, respectively (p<0.05). Pain relief score was significantly better in Group D at postoperative 15 min when compared with Group C (p<0.05).
Our study demonstrated that iv dexketoprofen has superior efficacy for postoperative pain management following day-case operative hysteroscopy when compared with paracetamol and placebo.
Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Agri: Agri (Algoloji) Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of spinal anesthesia, including its efficacy, adverse effects and complications, in order to determine if it can be applied safely in pediatric patients at high-risk for general anesthesia. We emphasize our positive outcomes in children undergoing lower abdominal surgery in our previous experience.
The perioperative data of 86 pediatric patients who received spinal anesthesia between 2007 and 2008 were scanned retrospectively. Demographic data, operation types, anesthetic applications, duration of surgery, motor blockade degree, two dermatomes regression time, postoperative analgesic requirements, adverse effects, and complications were recorded.
The operation time and two dermatomes regression times were found as 49.8 ± 24.1 minutes and 73.0 ± 21.9 minutes, respectively. At the end of the operation, motor blockade had disappeared in 17 patients and persisted in 68 patients. Block time was measured as 67.3 ± 16.2 minutes in these patients. During the intraoperative period, hypotension was observed in two patients, and bradycardia occurred in one patient. Except for these, hemodynamic parameters did not change more than 20% from control values at any time. In three children, surgery was continued under general anesthesia. Forty-six patients required additional analgesic doses in the postoperative period. The time to first analgesic requirement was 2.3 ± 1.2 hours. During the postoperative period, no hemodynamic or respiratory complications were observed.
Spinal anesthesia continues to gain acceptance as an alternative to general anesthesia in children. However, we conclude that accumulated experience is required in order to apply this technique safely in pediatric patients. We emphasize the positive outcomes, adverse events and complications observed in our experience.
Preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Agri: Agri (Algoloji) Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute herpes zoster (AHZ) causes postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in 48-75% of patients. Nerve blocks performed in the acute phase of HZ may treat the pain and prevent PHN development. Here, we present pain relief with modified van-Lint block in two cases with AHZ involving vesicles on the traces of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves. Two female patients, 72 and 66 years old, with AHZ involving vesicles on the traces of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves starting from the right periocular region to the scalp presented with symptoms such as hypoesthesia, dizziness, burning, throbbing, and severe pain. Their initial visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for pain were 9 and 10, respectively. Supraorbital and supratrochlear nerve blockade with modified van-Lint technique was planned, as the classical nerve block sites were covered with active vesicles. Following the nerve blocks, VAS scores of both patients decreased to 1 immediately. Vesicles were faded and scabbed, symptoms such as hypoesthesia, burning and throbbing had recovered, dizziness was relieved, and VAS scores were 4 and 5, respectively, after one week. VAS scores were 1 and 2, respectively, after the second injection, and all symptoms were resolved, and no additional analgesic was required during a three-month follow-up. Modified van-Lint block with 5 mL 1% lidocaine may provide successful pain relief in AHZ involving vesicles on the traces of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves.
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Agri: Agri (Algoloji) Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology