[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this Letter, we describe the evolution of selective JNK3 inhibitors from 1, that routinely exhibit >10-fold selectivity over JNK1 and >1000-fold selectivity over related MAPKs. Strong SAR was found for substitution of the naphthalene ring, as well as for inhibitors adopting different central scaffolds. Significant potency gains were appreciated by inverting the polarity of the thione of the parent triazolothione 1, resulting in potent compounds with attractive pharmacokinetic profiles.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this Letter, we describe the discovery of selective JNK2 and JNK3 inhibitors, such as 10, that routinely exhibit >10-fold selectivity over JNK1 and >1000-fold selectivity over related MAPKs, p38α and ERK2. Substitution of the naphthalene ring affords an isoform selective JNK3 inhibitor, 30, with approximately 10-fold selectivity over both JNK1 and JNK2. A naphthalene ring penetrates deep into the selectivity pocket accounting for the differentiation amongst the kinases. Interestingly, the gatekeeper Met146 sulfide interacts with the naphthalene ring in a sulfur-π stacking interaction. Compound 38 ameliorates neurotoxicity induced by amyloid-β in human cortical neurons. Lastly, we demonstrate how to install propitious in vitro CNS-like properties into these selective inhibitors.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters