[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cryptotanshinone is a major active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which is often used as Chinese herbal medicine in cancer therapy. Here, we systematically assessed the anti-tumor effect of Cryptotanshinone on two melanoma cell lines with low/high-metastatic capacity (B16/B16BL6).
MTT and LDH assays were used to evaluate cell growth and cytotoxicity. We assessed the effect of Cryptotanshinone on cell apoptosis or proliferation by Annexin V, TUNEL or BrdU assay. Cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. The integrity of cell cycle checkpoints was determined by mutational analyses of B-RAF and N-RAS, and the expression of cell cycle-associated proteins by western blotting.
Treatment with Cryptotanshinone had no obvious effect on cell apoptosis but significantly inhibited cell proliferation. Cryptotanshinone slightly increased the expression of p53, Chk1, and Chk2 in both B16 and B16BL6. Interestingly, Cryptotanshinone induced G1 arrest with a concomitant increase in p21 expression in B16BL6 cells. However, in B16 cells, Cryptotanshinone induced the G2/M arrest through its induction of Cdc25c. Regulation of Cyclin A1, Cyclin B1 and Cdk1/cdc2 expression might contribute to the different cell cycle patterns in B16 and B16BL6 after Cryptotanshinone treatment.
Cryptotanshinone could have diverse effects on cell cycle events in melanoma cell lines with different metastatic capacity. This property might offer an opportunity to study underlying mechanisms for the different antitumor effects of administered Cryptotanshinone in B16 and B16BL6 cells.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Danshensu, the major water-soluble component of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Danshen), is the basic chemical structure of various salvianolic acids. This study was to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of danshensu in a series of in vitro and in vivo models. The effect of danshensu on B16F10 melanoma cell and HUVEC proliferation were assessed by MTS assay, and cell invasion and migration were investigated by transwell chamber assay. The effect of danshensu on angiogenesis was evaluated by HUVEC migration assay, tube formation assay and chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. The expression of MMP-2, -9 and VEGF in B16F10 melanoma cell were detected by western blotting after danshensu treatment. The role of danshensu in tumor metastasis in vivo was evaluated by spontaneous and experimental B16F10 melanoma metastasis model. Although danshensu had no inhibitory effect on B16F10 melanoma cell and HUVEC proliferation, it significantly inhibited B16F10 melanoma cell invasion (at 0.05, 0.5, 5 microM) and migration (at 0.5, 5 microM). It also dramatically suppressed VEGF-induced endothelial migration (at 0.5, 5 microM), tube formation in vitro (at 4, 20 microM) and new vessel formation in CAM in vivo (100 microg/egg). Danshensu (at 5, 50 microM) significantly down-regulates protein expression of MMP-2, -9 and VEGF in B16F10 melanoma cell. In animal model, danshensu (20, 40 mg/kg) also possessed inhibitory effect on lung metastasis in spontaneous (46-day treatment) and experimental (23-day treatment) B16F10 melanoma metastasis model. All these results suggest that danshensu has anti-tumor activity by affecting on tumor angiogenesis and tumor invasion.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · European journal of pharmacology