[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Calcyclin-binding protein (CacyBP) is a tumor suppressor in gastric and renal cell carcinoma, but an oncogene in pancreatic cancer. However, the function of CacyBP in breast cancer has not been well elucidated. In this study, we explored the clinical relevance of CacyBP and investigated the relationship between CacyBP and COX-2 in breast cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis in 172 cases of breast tissues showed that the positive rate of CacyBP protein expression in normal breast tissues (NBT) (89.3%) was higher than that in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (56.1%) (P<0.05). RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that CacyBP mRNA and protein expression were significantly lower in tumor tissues as compared to those in the corresponding non-tumorous tissues (P<0.05). The expression trend of COX-2 was opposite with CacyBP in breast carcinogenesis. Moreover, the CacyBP expression was significantly negatively associated with the COX expression in the 132 breast cancer samples (correlation coefficient = 0.505, P<0.001). The clinicopathological data analysis in 132 breast cancer samples showed that CacyBP expression was positively correlated with well differentiated samples (P=0.021), low pathologic TNM stage (P=0.009), and no lymphatic metastasis (P=0.027) of patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, reduced CacyBP expression was associated with poor prognosis. Knockdown of CacyBP gene using siRNA enhanced the proliferation and invasion ability of breast cancer cells, which was dependent on COX-2 expression. In conclusion, CacyBP regulation of COX-2 expression may play an important role in human breast carcinogenesis. Restoration of CacyBP gene is a potential therapeutic target of breast cancer.
Article · Nov 2010 · International Journal of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Because of the anergy of CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells, it is unclear how the number of these regulatory T cells is sustained and expanded in normal physiologic circumstances. In the present study, we examined the effect of natural allogeneic mature dendritic cells (DCs) on the proliferation and function of CD25+CD4+ T cells. Our data showed that natural allogeneic mature DCs stimulated CD25+CD4+ T-cell growth vigorously, whereas immature DCs had little effect on the proliferation of CD25+CD4+ T cells. After expansion by mature DCs, CD25+CD4+ T cells maintained their expression of Foxp3 and suppressed the proliferation of CD25- CD4+ T cells similar to freshly isolated CD25+CD4+ T cells. Our results introduce a potentially critical role played by natural allogeneic mature DCs, which exist in normal physiologic circumstances, in controlling CD25+CD4+ regulatory T-cell expansion and function.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: IFN-γ was documented to be commonly associated with acute rejection. In the present study, we investigated the role of IFN-γ in the transplant long-surviving induced by blocking CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40-CD40L) costimulation and its mechanisms.
IFN-γ expression in cardiac allografts and spleens from syngeneic and allogeneic recipients with or without anti-CD40L monoclonal antibody (MR-1) treatment was examined by real-time RT-PCR. The grafts survival time in Wild type (IFN-γ(+/+)) and IFN-γ deficient (IFN-γ(-/-)) recipients was investigated. Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) of CD4(+) T cells and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) assay of CD8(+) T cells were also studied. FoxP3 expression in allografts and spleens from IFN-γ(+/+) or IFN-γ(-/-) recipients with MR-1 treatment was examined. Furthermore, FoxP3, IL-10 and CTLA-4 expressions and the suppressive capability of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells were examined.
Rejected allografts showed significantly higher IFN-γ expression than long-surviving allografts. Allograft survival was not prolonged in nonimmunosuppressed IFN-γ(-/-) mice. Administration of MR-1 induced long-term survival in 90.1% of IFN-γ(+/+) recipients (98±6.6 days) but failed to do so in IFN-γ(-/-) group (16.2±4.0 days). IFN-γ(-/-) recipients facilitated the proliferation and CTL generation of T cells. The allografts and spleens from IFN-γ(+/+) recipients contained higher FoxP3 expression than IFN-γ(-/-) recipients. Moreover, CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells from IFN-γ(+/+) recipients displayed a higher FoxP3 and IL-10 expression and suppressive capability.
IFN-γ plays an important role in the long-surviving induced by blocking CD40-CD40L through inhibiting the function of activated T cells and increasing suppressive capability of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate whether tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) were induced in the tolerant recipients with the blockade of CD40-CD40L costimulation. Mouse heterotopic heart transplantation was performed. DCs were sorted from rejected and tolerant recipients using magnetic-activated cell sorting. Their expression of CD40, CD80, and CD86 was examined using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. DCs were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide in vitro, and interleukin 10 (IL-10) and IL-12 levels in the supernatants were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. By using mixed leukocyte reaction, we investigated the stimulatory capacities and tolerogenic capability of DCs. DCs from tolerant recipients expressed lower level of costimulatory molecules, including CD40, CD80, and CD86 and released higher levels of IL-10 and lower levels of IL-12. In addition, DCs from tolerant recipients were weak stimulators of the mixed leukocyte reaction and inhibited the proliferation of splenocytes. IL-10(high)IL-12(low) DCs with immature phenotype were induced in the tolerant recipients with the blockade of CD40-CD40L costimulation, and they obtained the tolerogenic function.