Y Ueyama

Tokai University, Hiratuka, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (248)820.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to clarify in vivo the temporal profile of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHRP) gene expression as well as bone histomorphometric features as a function of tumor growth, using an athymic rat model associated with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM). Tumor-bearing animals exhibited hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and increased circulating levels of PTHRP, and died within 3 weeks. Steady-state PTHRP mRNA levels and the transcription rate of PTHRP gene in the tumors were markedly increased with tumor growth. RNAse mapping analysis revealed that both upstream and downstream promoters of the human PTHRP gene were utilized in the tumors and became progressively activated with time. Bone histomorphometric analysis showed that osteoclastic bone resorption was progressively increased throughout the course, whereas osteoblastic bone formation was stimulated more than 2-fold at a very early stage (day 6 after tumor implantation) and then markedly suppressed thereafter on day 12 and day 18 compared with age-matched control animals. These results provide in vivo evidence that PTHRP gene transcription is progressively activated with tumor growth and that activation of osteoblasts does occur at a very early phase of HHM syndrome in contrast to the marked suppression of bone formation at later stages.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases in the world, and its prognosis is generally poor. Cancer and metastasis involve numerous biological steps, including angiogenesis in both the primary and metastatic sites. Although various molecules that are involved in both tumor neovascularization (angiogenesis) and invasion have been identified, little is known about how these molecules interact in cancerous microenvironments. We previously reported that the gene expressions of some factors associated with vascularization correlated with the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we performed multivariate analysis of the mRNA levels of 10 selected genes [VEGF-A, VEGF121, VEGF165, VEGF189, S100A4, E-cadherin, Thrombospondin (TSP)-1, TSP-2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9] in 130 NSCLC specimens using the real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Spearman's rank correlation test was used to determine the co-expression patterns. The analysis demonstrated highly significant co-expressions (P<0.0001) among the VEGF isoforms (VEGF-A, VEGF121, VEGF165, and VEGF189). We also analyzed the correlations among the prognosis, gene expressions, clinical factors (age and gender), and pathological features (histological types, TNM status, stages, lymphatic involvement, and venous involvement) using the Cox proportional hazards model. Multivariate analyses showed that only VEGF189 expression was an independent prognostic indicator (P=0.0252). The alternative splicing variant VEGF189, the cell binding isoform, plays a leading role in the progression of NSCLC.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombospondin (TSP)-2 is known to be an endogenous negative regulator of vascularization in human cancer. However, it is unclear whether TSP-2 expression is related to neovascularization and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer. In this study, we quantitatively examined the expression of TSP-2 mRNA by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 102 pulmonary adenocarcinomas. All 102 carcinoma specimens expressed TSP-2 mRNA. The expression of TSP-2 mRNA in carcinoma was significantly higher than normal lung tissues (p<0.0001, Kruskal-Wallis test). Sizes of tumors were significantly correlated with TSP-2 gene expression (p=0.0179, Kruskal-Wallis test). The TSP-2 expression levels of the stage II/III pulmonary carcinomas were significantly increased as compared to those of stage I (p=0.0136, Kruskal-Wallis test). Thirty-five patients with high TSP-2 mRNA expression showed poor prognosis in survival (p=0.0139, log-rank test). We examined TSP-2 protein localizations in the pulmonary adenocarcinoma overexpressing TSP-2 mRNA. The TSP-2 localizations were categorized in two patterns: cancerous TSP-2 expression pattern (TSP-2 expression in the cancerous cells) and non-cancerous TSP-2 expression pattern (TSP-2 expression in the stromal lymphoid cells). Pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients with cancerous TSP-2 expression pattern showed good prognosis (p=0.0322; Fisher's probability exact test). Pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients with non-cancerous TSP-2 expression pattern showed poor prognosis (p=0.0220; Fisher's probability exact test). Non-cancerous TSP-2 expressions may reflect secondary reactions in the cancerous stroma. The stromal TSP-2 expression is not enough to suppress growth of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, while the cancerous TSP-2 expression directly inhibits growth of the carcinoma.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Oncology Reports
  • H Hashimoto · T Arai · A Mori · K Kawai · K Hikishima · Y Ohnishi · T Eto · M Ito · K Hioki · R Suzuki · [...] · M Saito · Y Ueyama · H Okano · T Yamauchi · N Kubota · K Ueki · K Tobe · N Tamaoki · T Kadowaki · K Kosaka ·
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    ABSTRACT: Current Japanese and American diets and Japanese diet immediately after the War were converted to laboratory animal diets. As a result, current laboratory animal diet (CA-1, CLEA) unexpectedly resembled the diet of Japanese after the War. This is considered to result in an under-evaluation of diabetes research using laboratory animals at present. Therefore, changes in insulin signals caused by current Japanese and American diets were examined using IRS-2 deficient mice ( IRS2(-/-) mice) and mechanisms of aggravation of type 2 diabetes due to modern diets were examined. IRS2(-/-) mice at 6 weeks of age were divided into three groups: Japanese diet (Jd) group, American diet (Ad) group and CA-1 diet [regular diet (Rd)] group. Each diet was given to the dams from 7 days before delivery. When the IRS2(-/-) mice reached 6 weeks of age, the glucose tolerance test (GTT), insulin tolerance test (ITT) and organ sampling were performed. The sampled organs and white adipose tissue were used for analysis of RNA, enzyme activity and tissues. In GTT and ITT, the Ad group showed worse glucose tolerance and insulin resistance than the Rd group. Impaired glucose tolerance of the Jd group was the same as that of the Rd group, but insulin resistance was worse than in the Rd group. These results were caused an increase in fat accumulation and adipocytes in the peritoneal cavity by lipogenic enzyme activity in the liver and muscle, and the increase in TNFalpha of hypertrophic adipocyte origin further aggravated insulin resistance and the increase in resistin also aggravated the impaired glucose tolerance, leading to aggravation of type 2 diabetes. The Japanese and American diets given to the IRS2(-/-) mice, which we developed, showed abnormal findings in some IRS2(-/-) mice but inhibited excessive reactions of insulin signals as diets used in ordinary nutritional management.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
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    ABSTRACT: In a patient with Ph1-positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), the development of a localized blastoma preceding generalized blastic transformation was accompanied by a reduction of granulocyte-macrophage (GM) colony forming capacity in agar of bone marrow cells as well as an increase in peripheral neutrophil alkaline phosphatase (NAP) scores. Successful transplantation of the blastoma cells into nude mice enabled extensive studies of the cell properties. The blastoma cells were double Ph1-positive cells which did not respond to human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and were similar to cells demonstrated in spleen and bone marrow at the terminal stage of the patient's illness. These observations clearly support the case for sequential studies of colony formation in vitro as a useful test for the early detection of disturbances in marrow function that may occur before generalized blastic transformation. Studies of the properties of the blastoma cells also provide some insight into possible mechanisms for the transformation event.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Scandinavian journal of haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombospondin (TSP) 2 interacts with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and matrix serine proteases such as plasminogen activator (PA). Malignant melanoma is an aggressive human neoplasm showing aggressive metastatic features. We examined the effects of TSP2 gene introduction in the human malignant melanoma cell line A375. We established three clones transfected with human TSP2 (A375/TSP2). The in vitro invasiveness was remarkably suppressed (42-61%) in the TSP2-transfectants, while growth properties were preserved. The A375/TSP2 showed significantly decreased liver metastatic potential (liver weight: 3.88+/-0.30 g in A375/TSP2, 7.07+/-0.67 g in vector-transfectant (A375/V), p<0.01, Mann-Whitney U test) in super immuno-deficient mice (NOD/SCID/gammacnull, NOG). The PA inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and PAI-2 mRNAs were significantly overexpressed in A375/TSP2. The increased activities of PAI-1 and PAI-2 were confirmed by reverse zymography. The vascularity of metastatic lesions was significantly decreased in A375/TSP2 (vascular density: 0.62+/-0.15% in A375/TSP2, 4.96+/-0.61% in A375/V, p<0.01, Welch test). These results suggest that TSP2 suppresses hematogenous metastasis through microenvironment-modification including PAI up-regulation and anti-vascularization in human malignant melanoma.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · International Journal of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: We hereby report light and electron-microscopic (EM) studies on an unusual case of molluscum contagiosum occurring in an epidermal cyst It was considered that the pre-existing cyst was inoculated with molluscum contagiosum viruses, which were confirmed electron-microscopically. We also would like to re-emphasize the usefulness of formalin fixed tissue for EM confirmation of viruses.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Pathology International
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    ABSTRACT: Small cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is very rare, but shows high malignant potential with frequent metastasis. Chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of gallbladder small cell carcinoma have not yet been established. In this study, we examined in vivo chemosensitivity tests for the GB-04-JCK human gallbladder small cell carcinoma, which were previously established as a serial-transplantable xenograft in nude mice. We used four anticancer drugs: docetaxel, irinotecan, nedaplatine and gemcitabine. Docetaxel maximally suppressed xenograft tumor growth in mice (P<0.01), and showed complete tumor regression after chemotherapy day 35. Irinotecan and nedaplatine suppressed tumor growth without complete regression (P<0.01). Gemcitabine did not affect tumor growth significantly. This in vivo experimental study proposed chemotherapeutic regimens for human gallbladder small cell carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Biomedical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Copper-transporting P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP7B) is reportedly associated with platinum drug resistance in various solid carcinomas. However, the impact of ATP7B on platinum drug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. We investigated ATP7B expression in nine human NSCLC xenografts using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry, and examined the relationship between the expression level of ATP7B and in vivo cisplatin (CDDP) sensitivity. ATP7B mRNA expression was significantly correlated with in vivo cisplatin sensitivity [coefficient of determination (R(2))=0.949, p=0.005]. ATP7B protein was detected in the nine xenografts. The ATP7B protein expression level was comparable to that of ATP7B mRNA. ATP7B mRNA and protein expression levels in the CDDP-resistant xenografts were significantly higher than those in the CDDP-sensitive xenografts (p=0.0389 and p=0.0357, respectively, Mann-Whitney U test). These results suggest that ATP7B is a CDDP-resistance marker in human NSCLC xenografts in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Efficient reproduction using natural mating and reproduction technology [in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET)] was investigated in IRS2 deficient mice with C57BL/6JJcl genetic background (Irs2(-/-) mice) as a typical type 2 diabetes model. From the results using various combinations of Irs2(-/-) and Irs2(-/+) mice, the combination of female Irs2(-/+) x male Irs2(-/-) was found to be more efficient than other combinations. In applications of reproduction technology using IVF and ET, the combination of female Irs2(-/+) x male Irs2(-/-) involves the possibility of Irs2(-/-) production by repeats using female Irs2(-/+) mice. However, reproductive continuity using this combination is difficult because of dependence on human technique and the cost of ET. Therefore, we concluded that Irs2(-/-) mice should be produced by embryo transfer using Irs2(-/-) mice from a colony consisting of female Irs2(-/+) x male Irs2(-/-).
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Experimental Animals
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to characterise the fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) accompanying abrupt hyperglycaemia and ketonuria observed in insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2)-deficient mice. IRS2-deficient mice backcrossed onto the original C57BL/6J:Jc1 background (B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice) for more than 10 generations were used. Eight male IRS2-deficient mice with ketonuria and abrupt increase in plasma glucose concentrations over 25 mmol/l were used as the fulminant type 1 diabetic mice (diabetic mice) and 8 male IRS2-deficient mice (8 weeks old) without glycosuria were used as the control mice. Plasma metabolite, immunoreactive insulin (IRI) and C-peptide concentrations, hepatic energy metabolism related enzyme activities and histopathological change in pancreatic islets were investigated. The diabetic mice showed significantly higher plasma glucose and cholesterol concentrations and lower plasma IRI and C-peptide concentrations than the control mice. In livers of the diabetic mice, glycolytic and malate-aspartate shuttle enzyme activities decreased significantly and gluconeogenic, lipogenic and ketone body synthesis enzyme activities increased significantly compared to those in the control mice. The pancreatic islets of the diabetic mice decreased significantly in size and number of beta cells. The diabetic IRS2-deficient mice did not show the islet-related antibodies observed in the diabetic NOD mice in their sera. The characteristics of the diabetic IRS2-deficient mice resembled those of the human nonautoimmune fulminant type 1 DM. IRS2-deficient mice may be a useful animal model for studying the degradation mechanism of pancreatic beta cells in the process of development of fulminant type 1 DM.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The extracellular matrix protein thrombospondin (TSP) plays an important role in a variety of biological processes, including cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. The biological role of TSP-2 in invasion and metastasis is poorly understood, while it is known that TSP-1 regulates a proteolytic cascade that allows tumor cells to invade and metastasize. In this study, we examined the role of TSP-2 in tumor cell invasion and its association with proteolytic proteins, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and the plasminogen/plasmin system, including urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), in the human pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1. PANC-1 cells expressed a low level of TSP-2, but significant levels of TSP-1. We isolated three clones of PANC-1 transformants stably overexpressing human TSP-2 (PANC-T). PANC-T highly expressed the TSP-2 gene and protein, while TSP-1 expression was not altered. In vitro invasion assays demonstrated that the invasiveness of PANC-T clones was significantly suppressed (p<0.05; Welch test). Zymography revealed that restoration of TSP-2 synthesis in the PANC-T clones significantly inhibited MMP-9 activity (p<0.05; Welch test). uPA activity in the PANC-T clones was significantly suppressed (p<0.05; Welch test). We concluded that restoration of TSP-2 can inhibit cell invasion through the down-regulation of MMP-9 and uPA activity in pancreatic cancer cell lines. Thus, TSP-2 may be a potent inhibitor of metastasis in pancreatic cancer.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Molecular Medicine Reports
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the impact of "IVF - ET" on the glucose tolerance test (GTT), insulin tolerance test (ITT) and adiponectin to investigate differences in the phenotypes of B6J- Irs2(-/-) mice. The B6J-Irs2(-/-) mice (KO-Nat group) were prepared by natural mating. Other mice were produced by IVF-ET used ICR strain recipients and surrogate mothers (KO-IVF group). Measurement of body weight, GTT, ITT and blood sampling were performed at the ages of 6, 14 and 24 weeks after birth. Body weights, impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance and plasma adiponectin concentrations did not differ for each gender between the KO-IVF and KO-Nat groups. Therefore, we concluded that phenotypes of Irs2(-/-) mice produced by reproductive technology are stable.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Experimental Animals
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    ABSTRACT: The calcium-binding protein, S100A4, with an inverse association of E-cadherin, is known to correlate with prognosis in various cancers. In this study, we investigated the expression of the S100A4 and E-cadherin status in relation to the clinicopathological parameters of pancreatic cancer. The expression status of these two proteins was examined in 72 specimens of primary pancreatic carcinoma with immunohistochemistry. Fifty-six of 72 (78%) surgical specimens of primary pancreatic cancer were positive for S100A4 according to immunohistochemistry. Thirty-one (43%) specimens of pancreatic cancer showed positive expression of E-cadherin. The inverse association of S100A4 and E-cadherin expression was significant in the cancers (p < 0.0001). The S100A4 expression correlated significantly with the pathological T stage and poorer prognosis (p = 0.024). The 41 E-cadherin-negative cases showed poorer prognoses and a higher incidence of liver metastasis (p = 0.0344, p = 0.027). The 10 cases with S100A4-negative/E-cadherin-positive cancers showed a significantly better prognosis than the others (p < 0.05). The histological grade (p = 0.004), nodal status (p < 0.0001) and S100A4-positive status (p = 0.048) were highly significant independent prognostic predictors (p < 0.05). These results suggest that S100A4 overexpression combined with reduced E-cadherin expression play important roles in tumor progression and metastasis in pancreatic cancer. The combined examination of these two molecules is useful in evaluating the outcome of pancreatic cancer patient.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: We have established an inbred line of mice deficient in insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2) on a C57BL/6J Jcl genetic background (B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice) as an animal model for typical type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). We investigated the effect of age and sex on glucose tolerance and insulin resistance and on the activities of enzymes related to lipid metabolism in the liver and skeletal muscle of B6J-IRS2( -/-) mice. Glucose tolerance tests (GTT), insulin tolerance tests (ITT), and sampling for chemical analysis were performed at ages of 6,14, and 24 wk. GTT showed that both genders of B6J-IRs2(-/-) mice had impaired glucose tolerance at the ages of 6 and 14 wk, whereas 24-wk-old female B6J-IRs2(-/-) mice showed glucose tolerance almost comparable to that of wild-type mice; 24-wk-old male B6J-IRs2(-/-) mice still showed impaired glucose tolerance. ITT revealed that both male and female B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice remained insulin-resistant at all time points. Hepatic lipogenetic enzyme activities were higher in B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice than in wild-type mice at 6, 14 and 24 wk of age. In addition, plasma glucose, triglyceride, free fatty acid, total cholesterol, and insulin concentrations in B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice were significantly higher than those in wild-type mice at most time points; plasma triglycerides in 14-wk-old B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice were lower than those of wild-type mice. These findings suggest that young B6J-IRS2(-/-) mice are useful as type 2 DM models.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Comparative medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A loss or reduced expression of E-cadherin, the main cell-to-cell adhesion molecule, correlates with distant metastasis in various cancers. Recent studies have reported a close correlation between the expression of E-cadherin and that of S100A4, calcium-binding protein. In this study, we investigated the expression of E-cadherin and S100A4 status in relation to the clinicopathological parameters of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. We finely and quantitatively examined the expression of E-cadherin and S100A4 using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a total of 92 pulmonary adenocarcinomas obtained by surgical resection. All of the pulmonary adenocarcinomas showed significant expression of E-cadherin and S100A4. Real-time PCR showed lower E-cadherin expression in 21 adenocarcinomas, while 71 adenocarcinomas expressed a higher expression of E-cadherin. Of 21 adenocarcinomas with lower-expressing E-cadherin, 12 showed a higher expression of S100A4. These 12 cases significantly showed a poorer prognosis than others (p=0.047, Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test) and significantly showed more frequent venous involvement than others (p=0.042, chi2 test). These results suggested that reduced E-cadherin expression combined with higher S100A4 expression is related to a poor prognosis through hematogenous metastasis in pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2006 · International Journal of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) plays an essential role in tumor progression through stromal neovascularization in malignant solid tumors. Neuropilin (NRP) is considered to be the specific receptor for limited types of VEGF-A isoform, VEGF165. The clinicopathological implications of NRP are not well understood in colon cancer, while almost all colon cancers overexpressed VEGF-A. We examined the expression levels of NRP1 and NRP2 genes in 54 colon cancer cases and paired extraneoplastic tissue with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The gene expression levels of NRP1 in the tumor (0.431+/-0.583) were significantly decreased compared to those in the extraneoplastic tissue (0.754+/-0.799) (paired t-test, p=0.0208). On the other hand, the gene expression levels of NRP2 in the tumor (0.763+/-0.791) were not decreased compared to those in the extraneoplastic tissue (0.508+/-0.386) (paired t-test, p=0.0511). Twenty cases, with preserved expression of the NRP1 gene in the tumor, showed a better prognosis as compared to the 34 cases with decreased NRP1 expression (p=0.0258, log-rank test). No significant relationship was noted between NRP2 gene expression and prognosis. The results suggested that preserved NRP1 expression provides colon cancer patients with a better prognosis.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: The GB-04-JCK xenograft line of human gallbladder small cell carcinoma was established in nude mice by serial transplantation. The xenotransplantability has been maintained for more than 20 years. The carcinoma cells grew in a solid-sheet pattern and were found to have hyperchromatic nuclei, finely dispersed chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli in the primary gallbladder tumor, as well as in the established xenograft GB-04-JCK The carcinoma cells also had Grimelius argyrophil granules, electron-dense neuroendocrine granules bounded by a single membrane. The xenograft line retained histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the primary gallbladder tumor and is the first reported xenotransplantable tumor of human gallbladder small cell carcinoma.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2006 · Anticancer research
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor xenografts in immune-deficient mice (athymic nude mice and SCID mice) are well-established animal models for the study of human cancer. Several human melanoma cell lines were reported to metastasize in the immune-deficient mice models. However, metastatic rates were extremely low in spite of large numbers of injections of cancer cells, more than 1 x 10(6) cells/mouse. The NOD/SCID/gamma(C)(null) (NOG) mouse shows multiple immunological dysfunctions, including cytokine production capability, in addition to the functional incompetence of T, B and natural killer (NK) cells. However, the immune-deficient mice, with preserved NK cell activity, might interfere with engraftment efficiency. We examined the distant metastasis of the human melanoma cell lines (A2058, A375, G361 and HMY-1, 1 x 10(4) cells/mouse) in the 6 weeks after intravenous inoculation. All four melanoma cell lines showed metastasis in the NOG mice, while no metastatic lesions were observed in the NOD/SCID mice. Metastatic lesions were noted in the liver and lung of 6/6 (100%) mice at A2058, 8/9 (89%) at A375, 2/6 (33%) at G361 and 2/8 (25%) at HMY-1. A2058 and A375 cell lines with high metastatic potentials show increased gene expression of S100A4. Western blot assay confirmed the increased protein levels of S100A4 in the A2058 and A375 cell lines. E-cadherin gene expression was conversely inhibited in these cell lines. The increased expression of S100A4 combined with inhibited E-cadherin expression resulted in high metastatic potentials of the human melanoma cell lines in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Oncology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) plays an important role in the intracellular detoxification of cisplatin (CDDP). GCL is composed of a modifier or light chain subunit (GCLM) and a catalytic or heavy chain subunit (GCLC). Previously, we showed that the GCL subunits enhanced CDDP-resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenografts. In small cell lung cancer (SCLC), it is unclear whether the GCL subunits are essential to CDDP-resistance. We examined the gene expression of GCLM and GCLC in four human SCLC xenografts with the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). An in vivo drug sensitivity test with CDDP was performed on the SCLC xenografts. CDDP-resistance was examined as the growth ratio of the relative volume of the treated xenografts to the controls (T/C%). The expression level of GCLM gene in SCLC was significantly lower than that in NSCLC (p=0.0026, Welch's t-test). One of four SCLC xenografts showed 62% of T/C and this was evaluated as CDDP-resistance, while the other three xenografts were sensitive to CDDP in vivo (Mann-Whitney U-test, p<0.01, one-sided). The expression level of the GCLM gene was significantly correlated to T/C% (Fisher's test, p=0.0289, correlations = 0.975), while the GCLC gene expression level was not associated with T/C%. These results suggest that the overexpression of GCLM is correlated with CDDP-resistance in SCLC xenografts in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Oncology Reports

Publication Stats

7k Citations
820.67 Total Impact Points


  • 1985-2009
    • Tokai University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • School of Medicine
      Hiratuka, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1982-2009
    • Central Institute for Experimental Animals
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1998-2003
    • Keio University
      • Department of Surgery
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 1977-2002
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Institute of Medical Science
      • • Division of Internal Medicine
      白山, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1993-1998
    • Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1997
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      • Department of Microbiology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1987-1988
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan