[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Inflammation frequently accompanies gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), but its impact on outcome is unclear. The present study investigated the impact of concomitant inflammation on survival of patients with GBC.
All patients undergoing surgery for GBC between October 2003 and May 2009 were identified retrospectively from a prospectively collected database. Patients were classified according to whether preoperative inflammation was present (65 patients) or not (23).
A total of 88 patients were enrolled. There were no differences in sex, mean age, tumour node metastasis (TNM) stage and radicality of resection between the two groups. The overall 3-year survival rate was lower in patients with preoperative inflammation than in those without (33 versus 73 per cent; P = 0·001). In univariable analysis, preoperative inflammation, T, N and M category, TNM stage, radicality of surgery and tumour differentiation were significant prognostic factors. The presence of preoperative inflammation (hazard ratio (HR) 2·38, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·04 to 5·43), lymph node metastases (HR 5·23, 1·05 to 26·09) and R1 or R2 resection (HR 3·77, 1·47 to 9·72) were independent prognostic factors for poor survival.
The presence of preoperative inflammation is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival in patients with GBC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the short- and long-term patency of preserved splenic vessels after laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) with preservation of the splenic vessels.
This single-centre retrospective study included all patients who had undergone splenic vessel-preserving laparoscopic SPDP between 2004 and 2007. The patency of the splenic vessels was assessed by abdominal computed tomography and classified into three grades according to the degree of stenosis.
Twenty-two patients were included. The preoperative patency of the splenic artery and vein was normal in 20 and 19 patients respectively. Normal patency of the splenic artery and vein was observed in 16 and five patients respectively within 1 month of surgery, and in 19 and nine patients 6 months or more after operation. Nine of ten patients with complete splenic vein occlusion developed a collateral circulation in the late postoperative phase. Splenic perfusion was well preserved in all patients.
Splenic vessel-preserving laparoscopic SPDP has the short-term benefit of good perfusion to the spleen. In the long term, there is a risk of left-sided portal hypertension if the splenic vein becomes occluded after surgery. (c) 2009 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic surgery for pancreatic disease has gained increasing popularity. A laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is technically simple and has been adopted as the preferred method in many centers. However, there is limited information on the outcomes of the laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and to evaluate its efficacy compared with open distal pancreatectomy.
From February 1995 to March 2006, 31 patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy, and 167 patients underwent open distal pancreatectomy at Seoul National University Hospital and Bundang Seoul National University Hospital. A case-control design was used with 2:1 matching to compare laparoscopic surgery with open surgery. Among 167 patients who underwent open distal pancreatectomy, 62 patients whose age, gender, and pathology were similar to those of patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery were selected for this study. The operation time, intraoperative transfusion requirements, duration of postoperative hospitalization, complications, mortality, recurrence, and hospital charges were analyzed.
There were no significant differences in operation time, rate of intraoperative transfusions, complications, recurrence, or mortality between the two groups. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was associated with a statistically significant shorter hospital stay (11.5 days vs 13.5 days; p = 0.049), but with more expensive hospital charges than open distal pancreatectomy (p < 0.01).
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is a clinically safe and effective procedure for benign and borderline pancreatic tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Choledochal cyst is a rare benign disease of the biliary tract. However, once diagnosed, it must be excised with the gallbladder because of the risk for cancer developing in the biliary tree, including the gallbladder. This report introduces a new surgical technique for totally laparoscopic excision of choledochal cyst and hepaticojejunostomy using a four-hole method.
Between October 2003 and May 2005, the authors performed totally laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision for 12 patients. All the patients except one were women, and the mean age was 37.3 years (range, 17-62 years). According to the Todani classification, there were five type Ia cases, four type Ic cases, and three type IV cases. Choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy were performed laparoscopically using the four-port technique.
The mean operation time was 228 min (range, 150-330 min). No operative or postoperative transfusion was required. An oral diet was started on postoperative day 3. The average length of hospital stay was 5.8 days. There was no major complication associated with anastomosis leakage or obstruction. No patient had an adverse response, as determined by clinical or laboratory evaluation during a 2- to 19-month follow-up period.
Considering that choledochal cyst is common among young women, who are especially interested in cosmetic results in addition to complete resolution of medical problems, the laparoscopic management of choledochal cyst may be an attractive treatment option.