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Publications (28)

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Platelet Endothelial Aggregation Receptor-1 (PEAR1) is a recently reported platelet transmembrane protein which plays an important role in platelet aggregation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PEAR1 genetic variations were associated with platelet reactivity as assessed by adenosine diphosphate(ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in Chinese patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. Methods: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled in the study. All patients were on dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel. ADP-induced platelet aggregation was measured by thromboelastography and defined as percent inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA). Patients (n=204) with IPA <30% were identified as high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR). Patients (n=201) with IPA >70% were identified as low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LPR). Sixteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PEAR1 were determined by a method of improved multiple ligase detection reaction. Results: Among the 16 SNPs examined by univariate analysis, 5 SNPs were significantly associated with ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Minor allele C at rs11264580 (p=0.033), minor allele G at rs2644592 (p=0.048), minor allele T at rs3737224 (p=0.033) and minor allele T at rs41273215 (p=0.025) were strongly associated with HPR, whereas homozygous TT genotype at rs57731889 (p=0.009) was associated with LPR. Multivariate logistic regression analysis further revealed that the minor allele T at rs41273215 (p=0.038) was an independent predictor of HPR and the homozygous TT genotype at rs57731889 (p=0.003) was an independent predictor of LPR. Conclusions: PEAR1 genetic variations were strongly associated with ADP-induced platelet aggregation in Chinese patients with CHD treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. These genetic variations may contribute to the variability in platelet function. The utility of PEAR1 genetic variants in the assessment and prediction of cardiovascular risk warrants further investigation.
    Article · Mar 2016 · Thrombosis Research
  • Jia-Hui Zhang · Jinqing Yuan · Xian-min Meng
    Article · May 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in platelet receptor genes may influence platelet function. This study aimed to assess the impact of five polymorphisms of genes encoding platelet receptors on the risk of ischemic and bleeding events in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). 503 consecutive Chinese patients with STEMI after an uneventful PCI and exposed to standard dual antiplatelet therapy for 12 months were enrolled. Polymorphisms of platelet receptors, GPIa (ITGA2, 807C > T, rs1126643), GPVI (GP6, 13254T > C, rs1613662), PAR-1 (F2R, IVS-14A > T, rs168753) and P2Y12 (P2RY12, 34C > T, rs6785930 and H1/H2 haplotype, 52G > T, rs6809699) were detected by the ligase detection reaction. The follow-up period was 12 months. Overall, 34 (6.8%) ischemic events occurred and 46 (9.1%) major bleedings occurred. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed the carriage of F2R rs168753 minor allele was an independent predictor of the composite ischemic events (HR 0.387, 95% CI 0.193-0.778, p = 0.008) after adjusted for established risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression model identified that carriage of P2RY12 rs6809699 minor allele (OR 2.71, 95% CI 1.298-5.659, p = 0.008) was an independent predictor of major bleedings. The associations were then validated in a second cohort of 483 STEMI patients. In STEMI patients after PCI, F2R rs168753 minor allele could significantly contribute to the risk of ischemic events, and P2RY12 rs6809699 minor allele could predict bleedings. The genetic testing of platelet receptors can be valuable in predicting adverse events in STEMI patients after PCI.
    Article · Apr 2015 · Platelets
  • Jia-Hui Zhang · Xian-Min Meng · Jing Wang · [...] · Jin-Qing Yuan
    Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: This study sought to investigate the relationship of polymorphisms in ABCB1 and the predictive value of thromboelastography (TEG) on bleeding risk in clopidogrel-treated patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: 467 consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled. Twenty tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) selected from ABCB1 gene and CYP2C19*2, *3, *17 were detected by the ligase detection reaction. Platelet reactivity was assessed by TEG. The follow-up period was 12months. Results: By receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the TEG platelet mapping assay value of ADP inhibition had the best predictive value of bleeding academic research consortium definition (BARC) ≥ 3b bleedings, yielding an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.707 (95% CI 0.662-0.749, p=0.009; cut-off value > 93.4%). ADP inhibition can also predict BARC ≥ 3 bleedings with an AUC of 0.594 (95% CI 0.546-0.640, p = 0.05; cut-off value > 92.5%). After adjustment for established risk factors of bleeding including the gain of function CYP2C19*17 allele, age, female gender, renal function, the multivariable logistic regression model demonstrated that ADP inhibition > 92.5% (OR 2.247, 95%CI 1.082-4.665, P=0.03), carriage of rs1045642 (OR 2.943, 95%CI 1.195-7.247, P = 0.019) and rs7779562 (OR 0.453, 95%CI 0.219-0.936, P = 0.032) were independent predictors of BARC ≥ 3 bleedings. These associations were validated in a second cohort of 504 STEMI patients. Conclusions: In STEMI patients treated with clopidogrel after PCI, the ABCB1 tag SNP rs1045642 is associated with higher risk of bleedings while rs7779562 is associated with lower bleeding risk, and ADP inhibition in TEG has a predictive value of bleedings.
    Article · Aug 2014 · Thrombosis Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods: Plasma levels of biomarkers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 61 patients with IPAH and 20 healthy volunteers. Results: Plasma CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 concentrations were increased significantly in IPAH patients compared with controls, and significantly correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion and right ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions: Increased levels of CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 are associated with right ventricular dysfunction in patients with IPAH.
    Article · May 2014 · Heart and Lung The Journal of Acute and Critical Care
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vascular remodelling and inflammation have been implicated in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). YKL-40, a marker of tissue remodelling and inflammation, has recently been recognized as a risk predictor of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. The study aimed to investigate a potential role of YKL-40 in predicting prognosis in idiopathic PAH (IPAH). Plasma YKL-40 levels were measured in 82 IPAH patients without current or previous PAH-specific treatment during right heart catheterization and in 54 healthy volunteers. Concurrent data included clinical, haemodynamic and biochemical variables. Plasma YKL-40 levels were increased in IPAH patients compared with control subjects (median, interquartile range: IPAH: 24.90, 17.68-39.78 ng/mL; controls: 16.58, 14.20-19.64 ng/mL; P < 0.001). YKL-40 levels correlated with cardiac index (r = -0.244, P = 0.027) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, r = 0.263, P = 0.017). After a median follow-up of 578 days, YKL-40 outperformed NT-proBNP, uric acid, and 6-min walk distance in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in predicting both clinical worsening (area under the curve (AUC) 0.681) and death (AUC 0.717). Compared with patients with YKL-40 below the ROC-derived cut-off point (24.5 ng/mL), the high YKL-40 group showed higher pulmonary vascular resistance and serum uric acid levels, and showed more clinical worsening events and deaths in Kaplan-Meier analyses. Plasma YKL-40 was independently associated with clinical worsening in univariate and multivariate Cox analyses (all P < 0.05). Plasma YKL-40 might serve as a promising indicator of disease severity and prognosis in patients with IPAH.
    Article · Apr 2014 · Respirology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods Plasma levels of biomarkers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 61 patients with IPAH and 20 healthy volunteers. Results Plasma CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 concentrations were increased significantly in IPAH patients compared with controls, and significantly correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion and right ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions Increased levels of CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 are associated with right ventricular dysfunction in patients with IPAH.
    Article · Jan 2014 · Heart and Lung The Journal of Acute and Critical Care
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Iron is a biocorrodible metal that might be used in bioabsorbable stents. This study investigated the effects at the cellular and protein levels of soluble divalent iron (ferrous gluconate) and soluble trivalent iron (ferric chloride) on the proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) in vitro. The water-soluble tetrazolium (WST-1) test was used to evaluate the effect of iron on proliferation of HASMC and Western blotting was used to measure the levels of signaling proteins involved in proliferative and apoptosis pathways. HASMC proliferation was inhibited in a concentration dependent manner after treatment with soluble divalent and trivalent iron at concentrations of 100-500 µmol/L. Western blotting analysis showed that the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression following treatment with soluble divalent iron and trivalent iron at 100, 300 and 500 µmol/L was reduced compared to the control. The PCNA expression decreased with increasing iron concentration and to a greater extent with the trivalent iron than with the divalent iron treatment group. The p53 expression was markedly increased in a concentration dependent manner in both iron treatment groups. The soluble divalent iron and, to a greater degree trivalent iron, inhibited HASMC proliferation in a dosedependent manner, which may be attributed to reduction of PCNA expression and increase of p53 expression.
    Article · Oct 2013 · Chinese medical journal
  • Dataset · May 2013
  • Xiang-Dong Li · Yue-Jin Yang · Yu-Tong Cheng · [...] · Xian-Min Meng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, can protect hearts against no-reflow and reperfusion injury in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. The present study was to investigate whether the PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis. In a 90-minute ischemia and 3-hour reperfusion model, minipigs were randomly assigned to sham, control, TXL (0.05 g/kg, gavaged one hour prior to ischemia), and TXL + H-89 (a PKA inhibitor, intravenously and continuously infused at 1.0 µg/kg per minute) groups. Myocardial no-reflow, necrosis, edema, and apoptosis were determined by pathological and histological studies. Myocardial activity of PKA and myeloperoxidase was measured by colorimetric method. The expression of PKA, phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) (Ser(133)), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), P-selectin, apoptotic proteins, and aquaporins was detected by Western blotting analysis. TXL decreased the no-reflow area by 37.4% and reduced the infarct size by 27.0% (P < 0.05). TXL pretreatment increased the PKA activity and the expression of Ser(133) p-CREB in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium (P < 0.05). TXL inhibited the ischemia-reperfusion-induced elevation of myeloperoxidase activities and the expression of TNF-α and P-selectin, reduced myocardial edema in the left ventricle and the reflow and no-reflow areas and the expression of aquaporin-4, -8, and -9, and decreased myocytes apoptosis by regulation of apoptotic protein expression in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium. However, addition of the PKA inhibitor H-89 counteracted these beneficial effects of TXL. PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium.
    Article · Apr 2013 · Chinese medical journal
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    Hui Wang · Lin Wang · Li Song · [...] · Xian-Min Meng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) plays an important role in the contractile dysfunction associated with heart failure. Human cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K) is a novel cardiac-specific functional kinase that can bind to cTnI in a yeast two-hybrid screen. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether TNNI3K can phosphorylate cTnI at specific sites and to examine whether the phosphorylation of cTnI caused by TNNI3K can regulate cardiac myofilament contractile function. Co-immunoprecipitation was performed to confirm that TNNI3K could interact with cTnI. Kinase assays further indicated that TNNI3K did not phosphorylate cTnI at Ser23/24 and Ser44, but directly phosphorylated Ser43 and Thr143 in vitro. The results obtained for adult rat cardiomyocytes also indicated that enhanced phosphorylation of cTnI at Ser43 and Thr143 correlated with rTNNI3K (rat TNNI3K) overexpression, and phosphorylation was reduced when rTNNI3K was knocked down. To determine the contractile function modulated by TNNI3K-mediated phosphorylation of cTnI, cardiomyocyte contraction was studied in adult rat ventricular myocytes. The contraction of cardiomyocytes increased with rTNNI3K overexpression and decreased with rTNNI3K knockdown. We conclude that TNNI3K may be a novel mediator of cTnI phosphorylation and contribute to the regulation of cardiac myofilament contraction function.
    Full-text Article · Feb 2013 · Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.]
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Chinese people are more frequent carriers of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) loss-of-function alleles than Caucasians. The effect of the ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B, member 1 (ABCB1), and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) variants on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes of clopidogrel treatment has not yet been reported in Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 variants on clopidogrel pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes in these patients. Methods: Six hundred and seventy patients after percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled in a single-center registry. The antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel was assessed by thromboelastography, and the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 genotypes were detected by the ligase detection reaction. Primary clinical endpoints included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis. The secondary clinical endpoints were thrombolysis in myocardial infarction bleeding. The follow-up period was 12 months. Results: The frequency of the CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles was relatively high (57.3 %). The risk of a low response to clopidogrel and composite ischemic events increased with the number of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles. However, there were not significant differences in clopidogrel pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes across the ABCB1 and PON1 genotype groups; bleeding was not significantly different across the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 genotype groups. Conclusions: The CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles had a gene dose effect on the pharmacodynamics and composite ischemic events of clopidogrel in our study population. Neither the ABCB1 nor the PON1 genotype significantly influenced the antiplatelet effect and clinical outcomes of clopidogrel in these patients.
    Article · Nov 2012 · European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myocardial edema plays an important role in the development of myocardial no-reflow and reperfusion injury after the revascularization of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study investigated whether the effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) against myocardial no-reflow and reperfusion injury was related to the reduction of myocardial edema through the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. Twenty-four minipigs were randomized into sham, AMI, IPC, and IPC + H-89 (PKA inhibitor, 1.0 µg×kg(-1)×min(-1)) groups. The area of no-reflow (ANR), area of necrosis (AN), and water content in left ventricle and ischemic-myocardium and non-ischemic area were determined by pathological studies. Microvascular permeability was determined by FITC-labeled dextran staining. Cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA) and mitochondria cross-sectional area (MSA) were evaluated by histological analysis. Myocardial expression of aquaporins (AQPs) was detected by Western blot. Compared with the MI group, the sizes of no-reflow and infarct were reduced by 31.9% and 46.6% in the IPC group (all P < 0.01), water content was decreased by 5.7% and 4.6% in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium of the IPC group (all P < 0.05), microvascular permeability and cardiomyocytes swelling in the reflow area were inhibited by 29.8% and 21.3% in the IPC group (all P < 0.01), mitochondrial water accumulation in the reflow and no-reflow areas of the IPC group were suppressed by 45.5% and 34.8% respectively (all P < 0.01), and the expression of aquaporin-4, -8, and -9 in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium were blocked in the IPC group. However, these beneficial effects of IPC were partially abolished in the IPC + H-89 group. The cardioprotective effects of IPC against no-reflow and reperfusion injury is partly related to the reduction of myocardial edema by inhibition of microvascular permeability and aquaporins up-regulation via PKA pathway.
    Article · Nov 2012 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) can reduce myocardial no-reflow by activating endothelial (e-) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) via the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. In a 90-min ischemia and 3-h reperfusion model, minipigs were assigned into sham, ischemia-reperfusion (IR), IR+IP, IR+IP+L-NNA (an eNOS inhibitor, 10mg·kg(-1)), IR+IP+H-89 (a PKA inhibitor, 1.0μg·kg(-1)·min(-1)), IR+L-NNA, and IR+H-89 groups. IP pretreatment improved cardiac function and coronary blood flow, decreased the activities of creatine kinase by 36.6% after 90 min of ischemia and by 32.8% after 3 h of reperfusion (P<0.05), reduced the no-reflow areas from 49.9% to 11.0% (P<0.01), and attenuated the infarct size from 78.2% to 35.4% (P<0.01). IP stimulated myocardial PKA activities and the expression of PKA and Ser(133) phosphorylated (p-) cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium, and enhanced the activities of constitutive NOS and the phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and Ser(635) in the no-reflow myocardium. IP suppressed the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and P-selectin, and attenuated cardiomyocytes apoptosis by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium. The eNOS inhibitor L-NNA completely canceled these beneficial effects of IP without any influence on PKA activity, whereas the PKA inhibitor H-89 partially blocked the IP cardioprotective effects and eNOS phosphorylation at the same time. IP attenuates myocardial no-reflow and infarction after ischemia and reperfusion by activating the phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and Ser(635) in a partly PKA-dependent manner.
    Article · Apr 2012 · Microvascular Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation is poor because of the harsh environment post infarction. Our previous studies have proven that Statins could enhance the implanted bone marrow MSCs survival, but the exact mechanism remained to be clarified. We hypothesized that atorvastatin (Ator) could protect MSCs from hypoxia and serum-free (H/SF) induced apoptosis and investigated the potential mechanisms. Chinese mini-swine's bone marrow derived MSCs were cultured in vitro and exposed to hypoxia and H/SF, Ator of various concentrations (0.001 - 10 µmol/L), AMPK inhibitor-compound C (CC), PI3K inhibitor-LY294002 (LY), Ator + CC and Ator + LY. Cell apoptosis was assessed using Annexin V/Propidine Iodine kit by flow cytometry. Phosphorylation of AMPK, Akt, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) level and phosphorylation were tested with Western blot. Real Time-PCR was performed to analyze the gene expression of AMPK, Akt and eNOS. MSCs apoptosis in Ator (0.01 - 10 µmol/L) treated H/SF groups was significantly reduced compared with H/SF group (1.94% - 6.10% vs. 10.94%, P < 0.01 or 0.05). Apoptosis was higher in Ator + CC group than in 1 µmol/L Ator group (4.94% ± 0.98% vs. 2.59% ± 0.84%, P < 0.01) and similar between Ator + LY and 1 µmol/L Ator group (2.02% ± 0.45% vs. 2.59% ± 0.84%, P > 0.05). The gene expressions of AMPK, Akt and eNOS were significantly upregulated in atorvastatin treated groups. Meanwhile, phosphorylation of AMPK and eNOS increased in MSCs treated with atorvastatin (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Phosphorylation of eNOS significantly correlated with AMPK phosphorylation (r = 0.599, P = 0.004), but not with Akt phosphorylation (P = 0.263). Atorvastatin can protect MSCs from H/SF induced apoptosis through AMPK pathway, which resulting in activation of eNOS.
    Article · Nov 2011 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 681G > A polymorphism on long-term prognosis of clopidogrel-treated Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Between January 1, 2009 and August 31,2009, 267 patients with coronary heart disease who received PCI and treated with clopidogrel for 12 months were enrolled. CYP2C19 * 2 was detected by MALDI-TOF MS and patients were grouped into CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 (n = 130) and CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group (n = 137). Follow-up was 12 months. The primary endpoint was angina recurrence, urgent coronary revascularization, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, death and the combined end points. Baseline data were similar between two groups (P > 0.05). Urgent coronary revascularization and the combined end points occurred more frequently in CYP2C19 * 2 carriers than in CYP2C19 * 1/* 1 patients (7.3% vs. 1.5% and 8.0% vs. 2.3% respectively, all P < 0.05). But incidence of angina recurrence, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis and death was similar between two groups (all P > 0.05). Hazard risk of 1 year cumulative survival of CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group was significantly higher than CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 group after PCI ( HR = 3.59, 95% CI: 1.02 - 12.87, P < 0.05). CYP2C19 681G > A polymorphism is a determinant of prognosis in coronary heart disease patients receiving chronic clopidogrel treatment after PCI.
    Article · Jul 2011 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
  • Lin Wang · Hui Wang · Jue Ye · [...] · Xian-Min Meng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 1. Cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K) is a novel cardiac-specific kinase gene. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed a significant increase in TNNI3K mRNA expression in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes induced by endothelin-1 (ET-1). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of TNNI3K on neonate rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by ET-1. 2. Adenoviruses were amplified in 293A cells. To determine a reasonable adenovirus infection dose cardiomyocytes were infected with an adenovirus carrying human TNNI3K (Ad-TNNI3K) at varying multiplicity of infection (MOI) and the expression of TNNI3K was analysed by western blot. 3. Cardiomyocytes were infected with either a control adenovirus carrying green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP) or Ad-TNNI3K. Compared with Ad-GFP, the Ad-TNNI3K induced an increase in sarcomere organization, cell surface area, 3H-leucine incorporation and β-MHC re-expression. This type of hypertrophic phenomenon is similar to that observed in Ad-GFP-infected hypertrophic cardiomyocytes induced by ET-1. To determine the functional role of TNNI3K in ET-1-induced hypertrophic cardiomyocytes, the cells were infected with Ad-GFP or Ad-TNNI3K. Ad-TNNI3K induced an increase in sarcomere organization, cell surface area and 3H-leucine incorporation compared with Ad-GFP. 4. These results suggest that TNNI3K overexpression induces cardiomyocytes hypertrophy and accelerates hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes. Therefore, TNNI3K might be an interesting target for the clinical treatment of hypertrophy.
    Article · Feb 2011 · Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
  • Article · Jan 2011 · Cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The traditional Chinese medicine Tongxinluo can protect myocardium against ischaemia/reperfusion injury, but the mechanism of its action is not well documented. We examined the involvement of nitric oxide in the protective role of Tongxinluo. Miniswine were randomized to four groups of seven: sham, control, Tongxinluo and Tongxinluo coadministration with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA, 10 mg/kg i.v.). Three hours after administration of Tongxinluo, the animals were anaesthetised and the left anterior descending coronary artery ligated and maintained in situ for 90 minutes followed by 3 hours of reperfusion before death. Area of no reflow and necrosis and risk region were determined pathologically by planimetry. The degree of neutrophil accumulation in myocardium was obtained by measuring myeloperoxidase activity and histological analysis. Myocardial endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity and vascular endothelial cadherin content were measured by colorimetric method and immunoblotting analysis respectively. Tongxinluo significantly increased the local blood flow and limited the infarct and size of no reflow. Tongxinluo also attenuated myeloperoxidase activity and neutrophil accumulation in histological sections and maintained the level of vascular endothelial cadherin and endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity in the reflow region when compared with control group. The protection of Tongxinluo was counteracted by coadministration with L-NNA. Tongxinluo may limit myocardial ischaemia and protect the heart against reperfusion injury. Tongxinluo regulates synthesis of nitric oxide by altering activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase.
    Article · Aug 2009 · Chinese medical journal