Wenxue Tang

Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States

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Publications (4)9.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective Our previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of resveratrol, a grape constituent noted for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, in reducing temporary threshold shifts and decreasing cochlear hair cell damage following noise exposure. This study was designed to identify the potential protective mechanism of resveratrol by measuring its effect on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation following noise exposure.Study DesignControlled animal intervention study.SettingOtology Laboratory, Henry Ford Health System.Subjects and Methods Twenty-two healthy male Fischer 344 rats (2-3 months old) were exposed to acoustic trauma of variable duration with or without intervention. An additional 20 healthy male rats were used to study COX-2 expression at different time points during and following treatment of 24 hours of noise exposure. Cochlear harvest was performed at various time intervals for measurement of COX-2 protein expression via Western blot analysis and immunostaining. Peripheral blood was also obtained for ROS analysis using flow cytometry.ResultsAcoustic trauma exposure resulted in a progressive up-regulation of COX-2 protein expression, commencing at 8 hours and peaking at 32 hours. Similarly, ROS production increased after noise exposure. However, treatment with resveratrol reduced noise-induced COX-2 expression as well as ROS formation in the blood as compared with the controls.ConclusionCOX-2 levels are induced dramatically following noise exposure. This increased expression may be a potential mechanism of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and a possible mechanism of resveratrol's ability to mitigate NIHL by its ability to reduce COX-2 expression.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate possible preventive effects of anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 antibody (anti-ICAM-1 Ab) on noise-induced cochlear damage as assessed by changes in auditory thresholds and cochlear blood flow. A controlled animal study. Pretreated rats with anti-ICAM-1 Ab or saline control, followed with exposure to 72 continuous hours of broad band noise (107 dB SPL), and 24 hours after noise exposure treated again with anti-ICAM-1 Ab or saline. Eighteen healthy male Fischer rats (200-250 g) were used. Sixteen were randomly selected to study noise-induced temporary threshold shifts. The remaining two rats were used to study cochlear blood flow (CBF), using laser Doppler flowmetry and blood pressure measurements. Rats treated with anti-ICAM-1 Ab (1.875 mg/kg, intravenously) showed attenuated temporary threshold shifts (TTS) compared to controls. Both groups showed a partial threshold recovery 72 hours following noise exposure, normal for this noise exposure paradigm. Comparisons of baseline and post-treatment measurements of CBF and mean arterial blood pressure revealed no significant changes. Anti-ICAM-1 Ab animals displayed significantly lower mean auditory threshold shifts at all five test frequencies (P < .05) when compared to control. Blocking the cascade of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by using anti-ICAM-Ab protects against noise-induced hearing loss.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2009 · The Laryngoscope
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptotic cell death has been observed in many in vivo and in vitro models of ischemia. However, the molecular pathways involved in ischemia-induced apoptosis remain unclear. We have examined the role of Bcl-2 family of proteins in mediating apoptosis of PC12 cells exposed to the conditions of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) or OGD followed by restoration of oxygen and glucose (OGD-restoration, OGD-R). OGD decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and induced necrosis of PC12 cells, which were both prevented by the overexpression of Bcl-2 proteins. OGD-R caused apoptotic cell death, induced cytochrome C release from mitochondria and caspase-3 activation, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased levels of pro-apoptotic Bax translocated to the mitochondrial membrane, all of which were reversed by overexpression of Bcl-2. These results demonstrate that the cell death induced by OGD and OGD-R in PC12 cells is potentially mediated through the regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential by the Bcl-2 family of proteins. It also reveals the importance of developing therapeutic strategies for maintaining the mitochondrial membrane potential as a possible way of reducing necrotic and apoptotic cell death that occurs following an ischemic insult.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2005 · Neurochemistry International
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to test the ability of resveratrol to protect the auditory system from reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated noise damage. Oxidative stress is mediated by ROS, which are known to cause cellular and molecular damage. Interfering with this process, using ROS inhibitors/scavengers such as antioxidants has shown promise in protecting specific systems from oxidative damage. Among the antioxidants receiving recent attention is resveratrol, an active component in red wine. Study design and setting Ten Fischer rats were used for this study. The experimental group (n = 5) received 7 weeks of resveratrol treatment (430/microg/kg/day), by gavage, and the control group (n = 5) received normal saline solution by gavage. Baseline auditory brainstem responses (3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 kHz) were determined for both groups. After 21 days, animals were exposed to noise (105 dB, 4500 to 9000 Hz for 24 hours). Postnoise auditory brainstem responses were assessed at 4 recovery time points: immediate, at 3 days, 7 days, and 4 weeks after noise exposure. RESULTS: Results demonstrate that the resveratrol group showed reduced threshold shifts compared with the control group after noise exposure. These shifts were significantly different between groups at 6 and 9 kHz (P < 0.05), corresponding to the region most represented by the frequency of the traumatic noise.Conclusion/significance Initial studies in our laboratory as well as other investigators have shown the importance of specific antioxidant therapy in the prevention of ischemic, noise, and age related hearing loss. The current study demonstrates a protective effect of resveratrol on noise-induced hearing loss.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2003 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

Publication Stats

66 Citations
9.28 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Emory University
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2003-2005
    • Henry Ford Health System
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Otolaryngology
      Detroit, Michigan, United States