[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Alpha-2-adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A) is involved in the sympathetic nervous system and plays a role in the regulation of insulin secretion and lipolysis. Recent studies have indicated that the ADRA2A polymorphisms are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Caucasians and African Americans. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between the ADRA2A polymorphisms and T2DM in a Chinese Han population. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs521674 and rs553668 in the ADRA2A gene were genotyped in 2094 Chinese subjects (1042 T2DM patients and 1052 nondiabetic controls) by using the TaqMan allelic discrimination technique. A single-locus analysis indicated that SNP rs553668 was associated with T2DM (p=0.04). Further analysis indicated that the association of SNP rs553668 was found in T2DM patients with body mass index (BMI)<25 kg/m(2) (p=0.03), but not in the patients with BMI≥25 kg/m(2) (p=0.56). This association was still significant in a recessive model (p=0.01, odds ratio=0.68, 95% confidence interval=0.51-0.92). In conclusion, the present study provides evidence that the ADRA2A polymorphism, rs553668, is associated with lean T2DM patients in a Chinese Han population. Further investigation to explore the role of ADRA2A in the regulation of body weight has been taken into our consideration.
No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The immune response to hepatitis B vaccination varies among individuals. It has been reported that polymorphisms in cytokine and cytokine receptor genes are associated with these individual differences. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms of the Th1/Th2 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes and the response to hepatitis B vaccination in a Chinese Han population. A total of 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms distributed in 6 genes (TNFRSF1A, IL12A, IL12B, IFNG, IL4, and IL10) were genotyped in 214 high-responders [hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) ≥1,000 mIU/ml] and 107 low-responders (anti-HBs: 10-99 mIU/ml). The minor CTCTAA allele of rs17860508 in the IL12B gene was associated with a low response to hepatitis B vaccination (P = 0.039, odds ratio = 1.41, 95% confidence interval = 1.00-1.99). In addition, a significant gene-gene interaction was found: the frequency of the combined genotypes IL12A rs2243115 TT and IL12B rs17860508 CTCTAA/CTCTAA was significantly higher in the low-response group than in the high-response group (P = 0.008, odds ratio = 2.19, 95% confidence interval = 1.23-3.93). These findings suggest that polymorphisms in the IL12A and IL12B genes might play an important role jointly in determining the response to hepatitis B vaccination.
No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Journal of Medical Virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha (HNF4A) and human forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) genes have been discovered to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in different populations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between HNF4A and FOXO1 genetic polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population. Five hundred and seventy-seven patients with type 2 diabetes and 462 normal controls were enrolled in this study. Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HNF4A and seven in FOXO1 were selected and genotyped with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) or TaqMan(®) technology. Single-locus analyses indicated that the C allele of rs11574736 from HNF4A had a lower frequency in the case group compared with the control group (P = 0.005, OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.59-0.92). The genotype distributions of rs11574736 also differed between the two groups (P = 0.02). However, none of the FOXO1 SNPs showed any association with type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population. Further analysis suggested the two genes interact with each other (rs3908773/rs717247/rs6031587/rs11574736: P < 0.0001, testing accuracy = 0.55, CV consistency = 6/10). In conclusion, this study shows an association between the HNF4A gene and type 2 diabetes in the Chinese Han population. Moreover, the authors confirmed the results of previous studies for the interaction between HNF4A and FOXO1 in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Natural killer (NK) cells are important antiviral effectors of innate immunity because of their contribution to virus elimination. NK cell-mediated immunological reaction to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection depends on a fine balance between inhibitory and activating receptors. The aim of the study was to investigate genetic polymorphisms in NK cell receptors (NKR)-KLRD1 (CD94), KLRK1 (NKG2D), KLRC4 (NKG2F), and KLRC1 (NKG2A)-to evaluate the association of NKR genetic polymorphisms with susceptibility to chronic hepatitis B in a Han Chinese population. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs2302489 in CD94; rs2255336, rs2617160, rs7980470, rs 2734565, and rs17513986 in NKG2D; rs2617170, rs17549004, and rs3825295 in NKG2F; rs2734414, rs7301582, and rs2734440 in NKG2A, were selected in the present study. SNP genotyping was undertaken in 500 Han Chinese patients (285 patients with chronic hepatitis B and 215 patients who cleared HBV spontaneously) by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and by the TaqMan method. Single marker association analysis was conducted and the SNP rs2617160 with a TT genotype in NKG2D was associated significantly with an increased risk of chronic hepatitis B (P = 0.044; OR = 1.49; 95% CI = 1.01-2.19). Haplotype analysis with multiple loci indicated that there was no significant association between the haplotypes of the NKR genes and susceptibility to chronic hepatitis B. The SNP rs2617160 in NKG2D associated with susceptibility to chronic hepatitis B in a Han Chinese population.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of Medical Virology