T Taguchi

NHO Nagasaki Medical Center, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (440)687.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A 63-year-old Japanese woman with a 30-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus developed macrohematuria and massive proteinuria after seroconversion of myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA). A renal biopsy indicated focal proliferative lupus nephritis (class III A/C) with a fibrous crescent formation. Methylprednisolone pulse therapy (500 mg, 3 successive days) was administered because of progressive proteinuria. Steroid therapy did not suppress the progressive proteinuria; therefore, tacrolimus was added as an alternative immunosuppressive therapy, resulting in the improvement of proteinuria and renal impairment. This case report suggests that MPO-ANCA might play a pathogenic role in the exacerbation of immune-complex-type lupus nephritis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in February 2005 and was treated with rifampicin, ethambutol, and clarithromycin. However, the infection was resistant to treatment, and his chest radiograph showed an abnormality that gradually seemed to aggravate. The patient’s sputum was positive for Mycobacteria. Moreover, the patient had dyspnea and an underlying chronic inflammation in the lungs. He visited our hospital because of dyspnea and leg edema in June 2011. Laboratory evaluation on admission revealed proteinuria (6 g/day) and decreased serum total protein (5.8 g/dL) and albumin (1.6 g/dL) levels, indicating nephrotic syndrome. Percutaneous renal biopsy revealed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in the acute stage and AA amyloidosis of mild degree. AA amyloidosis was also diagnosed histologically on gastric and colonic biopsy, in addition to renal biopsy. His renal function decreased gradually, and therefore, he underwent hemodialysis therapy in January 2012. However, his gastrointestinal-related symptoms persisted, and his appetite diminished, because of which he had become severely malnourished; he died 8 months later. This is a rare case of a patient with two different renal lesions (MPGN and AA amyloidosis) complicated with NTM. Our case suggests that MPGN and amyloidosis should be considered in elderly patients with nephrotic syndrome onset and chronic inflammation.
    No preview · Article · May 2014
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    ABSTRACT: A 38-year-old man underwent peritoneal dialysis (PD) in May 2011 due to chronic renal failure with chronic glomerulonephritis. In early February 2012, he underwent laparoscopy to salvage and correct a malpositioned PD catheter. The laparoscopic intra-abdominal findings revealed turbid ascites and multiple fibrin lumps, despite the patient's lack of history of peritonitis. Based on these findings, in addition to the presence of continuous inflammation and ascites, a diagnosis of pre-encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis was suspected, and the treatment was switched from PD to hemodialysis. The administration of prednisolone at a dose of 20 mg/day and peritoneal lavage resulted in a decrease in the ascites and fibrin lumps.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR) was started in 2007 and the Japan Kidney Disease Registry (J-KDR) was then started in 2009 by the Committee for Standardization of Renal Pathological Diagnosis and the Committee for the Kidney Disease Registry of the Japanese Society of Nephrology. The purpose of this report is to describe and summarize the registered data from 2009 and 2010. For the J-KDR, data were collected from 4,016 cases, including 3,336 (83.1 %) by the J-RBR and 680 (16.9 %) other cases from 59 centers in 2009, and from 4,681 cases including 4,106 J-RBR cases (87.7 %) and 575 other cases (12.3 %) from 94 centers in 2010, including the affiliate hospitals. In the J-RBR, 3,165 native kidneys (94.9 %) and 171 renal grafts (5.1 %) and 3,869 native kidneys (94.2 %) and 237 renal grafts (5.8 %) were registered in 2009 and 2010, respectively. Patients younger than 20 years of age comprised 12.1 % of the registered cases, and those 65 years and over comprised 24.5 % of the cases with native kidneys in 2009 and 2010. The most common clinical diagnosis was chronic nephritic syndrome (55.4 % and 50.0 % in 2009 and 2010, respectively), followed by nephrotic syndrome (22.4 % and 27.0 %); the most frequent pathological diagnosis as classified by the pathogenesis was IgA nephropathy (31.6 % and 30.4 %), followed by primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) (27.2 % and 28.1 %). Among the primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) in the patients with nephrotic syndrome, membranous nephropathy was the most common histopathology in 2009 (40.3 %) and minor glomerular abnormalities (50.0 %) were the most common in 2010 in native kidneys in the J-RBR. Five new secondary and longitudinal research studies by the J-KDR were started in 2009 and one was started in 2010.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: A 45-year-old woman experiencing back pain showed signs of metabolic acidosis and electrolyte imbalances. The results of blood and urine tests indicated Fanconi syndrome and renal tubular acidosis. An x-ray showed vertebral fractures, which were thought to responsible for the back pain. In addition, the patient had proteinuria and renal dysfunction; therefore, renal biopsy was performed, and tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) was diagnosed. While investigating TIN, primary biliary cirrhosis and Sjögren's syndrome were also detected. She had been previously diagnosed with chronic thyroiditis. We report a rare case of TIN and 3 autoimmune disorders with review of literature.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Acta medica Nagasakiensia
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: Data regarding renal disease in the elderly (age ≥65 years old) and very elderly (age ≥80 years old) Japanese are extremely limited. The aim of this study was to examine the causes of renal disease and their clinical presentations in elderly patients who underwent renal biopsy. Design, setting, participants, and measurements: From July 2007 to November 2011, all of the elderly native renal biopsy patients who had been registered in the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR; 2802 including 1596 males and 1206 females) were identified. Their data were compared with a control group of 7416 patients who ranged in age from 20 to 64 years old and were registered on the J-RBR over the same period. In addition, the clinical and pathological classifications of 276 very elderly patients were also analyzed. Results: The indications for biopsy were nephrotic syndrome (NS) in 36.2 and 50.7 % of the elderly and the very elderly patients, chronic nephritic syndrome in 31.8 and 17.4 %, and acute kidney injury including rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in 18.6 and 22.5 %, respectively. Primary glomerular disease was the most frequent diagnosis, followed by MPO-ANCA-positive nephritis, IgA nephropathy (IgAN), and diabetic nephropathy. In primary GN including IgAN, membranous nephropathy (MN) was the most frequent histological type, followed by IgAN and minor glomerular abnormalities. A comparison with the control group showed that MN, MPO-ANCA-positive nephritis, and amyloid nephropathy were more common in the elderly (P < 0.001), and IgAN was less common (P < 0.001). As for nephrotic syndrome in the elderly, MN was the most common histological type, followed by minimal change NS, diabetic nephropathy, amyloid nephropathy, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. There was a significant discrepancy between the urinary protein/creatinine ratio and daily proteinuria after the 7th decade of life. Conclusions: Renal biopsy is a valuable diagnostic tool, even in elderly and very elderly Japanese patients. In the future, modified clinical guidelines for elderly renal disease should be developed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: We report the clinical and pathological findings of a case of de novo minimal change disease (MCD) after ABO-incompatible living kidney transplantation. A 62-yr-old man with end-stage renal disease associated with type I diabetes received ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation from his 58-yr-old wife. Although allograft function was excellent immediately after surgery, massive proteinuria (35 g/d) appeared on post-transplantation day 5. After the allograft biopsy taken on post-transplantation day 6, he was treated with 12 cycles of plasma exchange, but the nephrotic-range proteinuria showed no remission. The biopsy specimen showed no significant pathological findings on light microscopy, but electron microscopy showed diffuse effacement of podocyte foot processes. Based on the diagnosis of de novo MCD, the patient received intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy, followed by high-dose steroid maintenance therapy. The steroid therapy induced complete remission of nephrotic syndrome and stable allograft function immediately, which was also maintained at one yr after the transplantation.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Clinical Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: A 67-year-old man, on oral therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus since 1990, had sustained proteinuria since 2005. When hematuria was first discovered in 2008, renal dysfunction [creatinine (Cr), 1.2 mg/dL], inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP), 12 mg/dL] and high myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA) levels [546 ELISA units (EU)] were observed. Renal biopsy showed the diagnosis of ANCA-associated nephritis combined with diabetic nephropathy. For this patient, there was pathological proof of the combination of diabetic nephropathy and ANCA-associated vasculitis.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Internal Medicine
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    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is one of the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. The J-RBR/J-KDR registry developed by the Japanese Society of Nephrology provides nationwide cohort data for epidemiological studies of MN. MN was present in 36.8% of 1,203 primary nephrotic syndrome patients in Japan. In addition, 633 (77.9%) out of 813 MN patients were referred to as "idiopathic," whereas 22.1% were classified as "secondary" and involved conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus, drug exposure, infections, cancer, and various collagen diseases. The mean age of the MN patients was 62.2 (2-88) years old, their mean eGFR was 76.7 (7.6-154.6) ml/min/1.73 m(2), and 63.3% had hypertension at the time of renal biopsy. On the basis of these findings, half of Japanese idiopathic MN patients have risk factors (age >60, male, or lower eGFR) for end-stage renal failure, and 10% belong to the high-risk group (daily proteinuria of over 8.0 g). Further studies with high-grade evidence should resolve the natural history and therapeutic problems of idiopathic MN in elderly Japanese.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old woman with a 1-month history of lower extremity edema and a 5 kg weight increase was admitted to our hospital with suspected nephrotic syndrome in October 1999. Urine protein level was 3.5 g per day, 10-15 erythrocytes in urine per high-power field, and serum albumin level 2.5 g/dl. Furthermore, an accumulation of pleural effusion was confirmed by chest X-ray. The results of a renal biopsy indicated slight mesangial proliferation in the glomeruli by light microscopy, and an immunofluorescence study confirmed the deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig) A and C3 in the mesangial area. Diffuse attenuation of foot processes and dense deposits in the mesangial area were observed by electron microscopy. Treatment with 40 mg/day of prednisolone was effective, and proteinuria was negative 1 month later. Because of this course, we diagnosed minimal change nephrotic syndrome complicated by mild-proliferative IgA nephropathy. In November 2000, there was a relapse of nephrotic syndrome, which was believed to be induced by an influenza vaccination, but response to increased steroid treatment was favorable, and proteinuria disappeared on day 13 of steroid increase. A second relapse in May 2001, showed steroid resistance with renal insufficiency, and an increase in the selectivity index to 0.195. Light microscopy revealed focal sclerotic lesions of the glomeruli, and an immunofluorescence study revealed attenuation of mesangial IgA and C3 deposition. These findings led to the diagnosis that minimal change nephrotic syndrome had transitioned to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, whereby mesangial IgA deposition was reduced by immunosuppressive treatment. Subsequently, her renal function gradually worsened to the point of end-stage renal failure by 27 months after the second relapse of nephrotic syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: IgG4-related disease has attracted wide attention recently. It is characterized by a high level of serum IgG4 and dense infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into multiple organs, with the kidney being one representative target. Although several sets of diagnostic criteria for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are available and renal lesion is recognized as an extra-pancreatic manifestation of AIP, it is difficult to differentiate IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) without AIP from other types of TIN. To clarify the entity of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) and support in-depth studies, the Japanese Society of Nephrology has established a working group to prepare diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RKD. The working group analyzed 41 patients with IgG4-RKD, and collected the following data to devise a diagnostic algorithm and diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RKD: clinical features including extra-renal organ involvement, urinalysis and serological features including serum IgG4 levels, imaging findings demonstrated by computed tomography (CT), renal histology with IgG4 immunostaining, and response to steroid therapy. The conditions for criteria are as follows. (1) Presence of some kidney damage, as manifested by abnormal urinalysis or urine marker(s) and/or decreased kidney function with either elevated serum IgG level, hypocomplementemia, or elevated serum IgE level. (2) Kidney imaging studies showing abnormal renal imaging findings, i.e., multiple low density lesions on enhanced CT, diffuse kidney enlargement, hypovascular solitary mass in the kidney, and hypertrophic lesion of the renal pelvic wall without irregularity of the renal pelvic surface. (3) Serum IgG4 level exceeding 135 mg/dl. (4) Renal histology showing two abnormal findings: (a) dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with infiltrating IgG4-positive plasma cells >10/high power field (HPF) and/or ratio of IgG4-positive plasma cells/IgG positive plasma cells >40%. (b) Characteristic 'storiform' fibrosis surrounding nests of lymphocytes and/or plasma cells. (5) Extra-renal histology showing dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with infiltrating IgG4-positive plasma cells >10/HPF and/or ratio of IgG4-positive plasma cells/IgG-positive plasma cells >40%. The diagnosis is classified into 3 stages of definite, probable and possible according to the combinations of the above conditions. Thirty-nine cases (95.1%) were diagnosed with IgG4-RKD according to the criteria. The provisional criteria and algorithm appear to be useful for clarifying the entity of IgG4-RKD and seeking underlying IgG4-RKD cases; however, further experience is needed to confirm the validity of these criteria.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) is a collagen-specific molecular chaperone that helps the molecular maturation of various types of collagens. A close association between increased expression of HSP47 and the excessive accumulation of collagens is found in various human and experimental fibrotic diseases. Increased levels of HSP47 in fibrotic diseases are thought to assist in the increased assembly of procollagen, and thereby contribute to the excessive deposition of collagens in fibrotic areas. Currently, there is not a good universal histological marker to identify collagen-producing cells. Identifying phenotypically altered collagen-producing cells is essential for the development of cell-based therapies to reduce the progression of fibrotic diseases. Since HSP47 has a single substrate, which is collagen, the HSP47 cellular expression provides a novel universal biomarker to identify phenotypically altered collagen-producing cells during wound healing and fibrosis. In this brief article, we explained why HSP47 could be used as a universal marker for identifying phenotypically altered collagen-producing cells.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA
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    ABSTRACT: The Committee for the Standardization of Renal Pathological Diagnosis and the Working Group for Renal Biopsy Database of the Japanese Society of Nephrology started the first nationwide, web-based, and prospective registry system, the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR), to record the pathological, clinical, and laboratory data of renal biopsies in 2007. The patient data including age, gender, laboratory data, and clinical and pathological diagnoses were recorded on the web page of the J-RBR, which utilizes the system of the Internet Data and Information Center for Medical Research in the University Hospital Medical Information Network. We analyzed the clinical and pathological diagnoses registered on the J-RBR in 2007 and 2008. Data were collected from 818 patients from 18 centers in 2007 and 1582 patients from 23 centers in 2008, including the affiliated hospitals. Renal biopsies were obtained from 726 native kidneys (88.8%) and 92 renal grafts (11.2%) in 2007, and 1400 native kidneys (88.5%) and 182 renal grafts (11.5%) in 2008. The most common clinical diagnosis was chronic nephritic syndrome (47.4%), followed by nephrotic syndrome (16.8%) and renal transplantation (11.2%) in 2007. A similar frequency of the clinical diagnoses was recognized in 2008. Of the native kidneys, the most frequent pathological diagnosis as classified by pathogenesis was immunoglobulin (Ig) A nephropathy (IgAN) both in 2007 (32.9%) and 2008 (30.2%). Among the primary glomerular diseases (except IgAN), membranous nephropathy (MN) was the most common disease both in 2007 (31.4%) and 2008 (25.7%). In a cross-sectional study, the J-RBR has shown IgAN to be the most common disease in renal biopsies in 2007 and 2008, consistent with previous Japanese studies. MN predominated in the primary glomerular diseases (except for IgAN). The frequency of the disease and the clinical and demographic correlations should be investigated in further analyses by the J-RBR.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 31-year-old male with enlarged kidneys and glomerulocystic kidney disease (GCKD). The patient had no family history of renal disease or other diseases. On initial presentation he complained of poor eyesight, and hypertensive retinopathy and elevated serum creatinine (5.0 mg/dl) were found at that time. Renal biopsy showed cystic dilatation of Bowman's capsule and atrophy of the glomerular tuft. Thus, an adult case of sporadic GCKD was diagnosed. Based on previous reports, kidney size in patients with adult type GCKD varies from small to large. Our patient's kidneys are the largest ever reported (right kidney was 22 cm×10 cm, left kidney was 19 cm×10 cm). A review of the literature dealing with sporadic adult GCKD suggested that it is difficult to diagnose this disease early in its course.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Clinical nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: There is strong evidence that the angiopoietin family is involved in the regulation of tumour progression. Recently, it has been reported that angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) expression in cancer cells promotes the metastatic process by increasing vascular permeability. The present study was conducted to examine ANGPTL4 expression and its association with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in human colorectal cancers. We examined 144 cases of surgically-resected human colorectal adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Also, overall survival was investigated. Among 144 cases of adenocarcinoma, 95 cases (66.0%) showed positive staining in the cytoplasm of the carcinoma cells for ANGPTL4. Histologically, well, moderately, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma or mucinous carcinoma showed 55.2, 79.3, 61.5 or 44.4% expression of ANGPTL4, respectively. The expression of ANGPTL4 was correlated with the depth of tumour invasion (p<0.0005), Vienna classification (category 3-5)(p<0.00005), venous invasion (p<0.0005) and Duke's classification (p<0.005). However, ANGPTL4 expression was not correlated with overall survival. However, all patients (100%) with distant metastasis showed immunopositivity for ANGPTL4. The mRNA and the protein expression of ANGPTL4 were shown in four resected samples and cultured cell lines by RT-PCR or western blot analysis. These findings suggest that ANGPTL4 is one of the factors involved in the progression of human colorectal cancer, especially venous invasion and distant metastasis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Oncology Reports
  • Hitoshi Yokoyama · Takashi Taguchi

    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Nippon Jinzo Gakkai shi

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Nippon Jinzo Gakkai shi
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Nippon Jinzo Gakkai shi
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    ABSTRACT: MHC-mismatched lung allografts are rapidly rejected by the host immune response. We analyzed cells infiltrating the grafted lung tissue using a collagenase-digestion method. The grafted lung was filled with host-derived leukocytes as early as day 1 post transplantation and the majority of the initial infiltrating cells were granulocytes. This initial influx of granulocytes waned rapidly, followed by a steady increase in lymphocytes, particularly T cells, and then by macrophages. The proportion of CD4+ T cells that express CD25 were increased in the graft the majority of which were activated CD4+ cells. We applied cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4)-Ig treatment in combination with donor-specific blood transfusion to the transplantation of lung allograft, which was significantly prolonged by the treatment. To examine the cellular and molecular basis of the inhibition of the graft rejection, we evaluated number and cytokine mRNA expression of the cells infiltrating in the lung allograft using collagenase-digestion method, although we were unable to detect significant effects of the treatment. Taken together, this study demonstrates that single cell suspensions from cellular infiltrates of lung tissue is useful for phenotypical and functional studies on cells infiltrating lung tissue after graft transplantation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Acta medica Nagasakiensia

Publication Stats

7k Citations
687.90 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • NHO Nagasaki Medical Center
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1994-2012
    • Nagasaki University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
    • Saitama Cancer Center
      Saitama, Saitama, Japan
    • Kinki University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Aomori Prefectural Central Hospital
      Aomori, Aomori, Japan
  • 2003-2008
    • Osaka City University
      • Department of Surgical Oncology
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1994-2008
    • Nagasaki University Hospital
      Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1973-2008
    • Osaka University
      • • Division of Breast and Endocrine Surgery
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Research Institute for Microbial Diseases
      • • Department of Surgery
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1998-2004
    • Yokohama City University
      • • Department of Otolaryngology (YCUH)
      • • Department of Medicine
      Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
    • Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2000
    • Penn State Hershey Medical Center and Penn State College of Medicine
      هرشي، بنسيلفانيا, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1999
    • Kanazawa University
      • Cancer Research Institute
      Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan
    • Kitasato University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1993-1999
    • Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1988-1998
    • Hiroshima University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Surgery
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 1991-1997
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1994-1996
    • Niigata Cancer Center Hospital
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 1992-1994
    • Nippon Medical School
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sendai, Kagoshima-ken, Japan
    • The Jikei University School of Medicine
      • Department of Urology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Teikyo University Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1988-1993
    • Osaka Medical College
      • Department of Surgery
      Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1990-1991
    • Teikyo University
      • Department of Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1985
    • Shikoku Cancer Center
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan
  • 1982
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan