Sara Moreno

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (4)11.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The chemokine receptor CCR7 has been a useful marker for the characterization of human and mouse T cell subsets. We have produced the porcine CCR7 ligand CCL19 fused to the human IgG1 Fc fragment, and used it to analyse CCR7 expression in swine. CCL19-Fc bound to and induced the migration of cells expressing porcine CCR7 but not of untransfected cells, corroborating its specificity. On blood lymphocytes, CCL19-Fc labelled the majority of CD4+T cells expressing the 2E3 marker, associated with a naïve phenotype, whereas the 2E3(-)Cells were mostly negative. Among CD8+ T cells CCL19-Fc labelled two subsets: one, CD8β(hi) CD11a(lo) CD45RA+, perforin(-/lo), which produced low amounts of IFN-γ after stimulation, which might correspond to naïve cells; and a second small population of CD8β(lo) cells which expressed high levels of CD11a, and were mostly CD45RA(-), a phenotype which resembles that of human central memory T cells.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Developmental and comparative immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Delivery of antigens to antigen presenting cell surface receptors represents a promising strategy to improve immune response to weak immunogenic antigens. We have analyzed the potential of porcine sialoadhesin (Sn) and CD163 as antigen targeting receptors using mouse Igs as surrogate antigens. Sn and CD163 are two endocytic receptors mainly expressed on macrophages located in antigen-sampling zones of secondary lymphoid organs. MAbs to CD163 induced in vitro PBMC proliferation at concentrations 50-80 fold lower than the control mAb when using, as responder cells, cells from pigs immunized with mouse serum IgGs. To evaluate in vivo targeting, pigs were immunized s.c. with anti-Sn, anti-CD163 or control mAbs, and the immune response induced to mouse Ig was analyzed. Two weeks after the first immunization, pigs receiving either anti-Sn or anti-CD163 mAbs started to show higher anti-mouse-IgG serum titres than controls. Boosting 6 weeks later, further increased the anti-IgG titres up to 15-60 fold those of controls. In addition, differences in the relative predominance of IgG1 or IgG2 subclasses in the response depending on Sn or CD163 targeting were observed. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from pigs immunized with anti-Sn mAb showed a higher proliferative response to mouse IgG than cells from pigs immunized with control mAb. These results show that targeting antigen to Sn or CD163 can enhance the immune response in pigs.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Vaccine
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    ABSTRACT: Monocyte subsets have been shown to differ in the pattern of chemokine receptor expression and their migratory properties, both in human and mouse. Previously we have characterized in the swine several monocyte subpopulations, based on the expression of CD163, Tük4 and SLA-II, which share features with the populations described in human and mouse. Here, we have analysed the expression of different chemokine receptors in the CD163-Tük4+SLA-II- and CD163+Tük4-SLA-II+ populations of porcine monocytes. CD163+Tük4-SLA-II+ monocytes expressed higher CX3CR1 but lower CCR2 and CXCR4 mRNA levels than CD163-Tük4+SLA-II- monocytes. Moreover, porcine CCL2 binding on Tük4+SLA-II- but not on Tük4-SLA-II+ cells was detected by using a CCL2-green fluorescence protein (pCCL2-GFP) fusion protein. Finally, flow cytometric analyses of monocytes recovered after chemotaxis assays show a clear increase in the proportion of Tük4+SLA-II- cells in the fraction migrating toward CCL2, consistent with the polarized CCR2 expression in this monocyte population. The pattern of expression of these chemokine receptors reinforces the similarities of these porcine subsets with their human and mouse counterparts.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Veterinary Research
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    ABSTRACT: c-kit (CD117) plays an important role in the early stages of haematopoiesis. Previous studies of porcine haematopoietic stem cells have relied for their identification on the use of the c-kit ligand stem cell factor. Here, we describe a new mAb, 2B8/BM, that recognizes a 155-kDa protein expressed on a small subset (2-8%) of bone marrow haematopoietic cells. 2B8/BM(+) cells have a blast appearance, and are mostly negative for lineage-specific markers or express low levels of CD172a or SLA-II. In in vitro colony-forming unit assays these cells were able to give rise to erythroid and myeloid colonies. Altogether these data suggested that the 2B8/BM antigen might be the porcine orthologue of the human c-kit. This specificity was confirmed by the binding of mAb 2B8/BM to CHO cells transfected with a plasmid encoding the porcine c-kit ectodomain. This antibody can facilitate the isolation and enrichment of porcine stem cells to be used in procedures aimed to induce xenograft tolerance or to test their potential to repair damaged tissues and organs.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Journal of Immunological Methods