[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The in vivo tissue response to a newly developed fiber-reinforced calcium phosphate cement (CPC) formulation was assessed using a well-established rabbit calvarial defect model. Bilateral subcritical sized (8-mm diameter) defects were surgically created in the parietal bones of each rabbit (a total of 48 rabbits), and randomized to be filled with either the new fiber-reinforced formulation, a conventional CPC (positive control), or left unfilled (negative control). The implant sites were subsequently retrieved after 12, 24, and 52 weeks postsurgery. Each specimen, including the parietal bone craniotomy and underlying brain, were recovered at necropsy and the tissue responses were assessed by histology. The resulting histological slides indicated that there was no evidence of severe inflammatory responses or osteolysis. The data showed new dural and pericranial bone formation along the implants, as well as excellent bone-to-implant interfaces in all of the CPC-filled defects. These results suggest that the biologic response to the new fiber-reinforced CPC formulations and conventional nonreinforced CPC are very similar, and both demonstrate excellent biocompatibility as well as an overall osteophylic response.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the mechanical properties of a novel fiber reinforced calcium phosphate at time zero and after 12 weeks in vivo using a sheep long bone osteotomy model. Time zero data were obtained and compared by pullout testing of 4.5 mm bone screws from bone proper and overdrilled defects of 4.5 and 8 mm diameter. Defects were augmented with: polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), calcium phosphate, and fiber reinforced calcium phosphate using cadaveric sheep tibiae. Twelve-week data were obtained from explanted tibiae of sheep that underwent unilateral tibial osteotomy surgery repaired with a locking compression plate. The most distal hole was overdrilled to 4.5 or 8 mm diameter, filled with fiber reinforced cement, drilled, tapped and a 4.5 mm screw was placed. Screw holding strength at t= 0 was significantly higher for reinforced when compared to nonreinforced cement, but not different from bone or PMMA in 4.5 mm defects. There was no difference in pullout strength for the 8 mm defect data. After 12 weeks fiber reinforced pullout strength increased by 45% and 8.9% for 4.5 and 8 mm defects, respectively, when compared to t= 0 testing. Fiber reinforced calcium phosphate bone cement can be drilled and tapped to support orthopedic hardware for trauma applications.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Clinical and Translational Science