[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study explored the neurodevelopmental outcomes of toddlers whose mothers have eating disorder histories and the contribution of maternal eating and comorbid psychopathology to the children's cognitive functioning. Twenty-nine mothers with prenatal eating disorders and their toddlers (18-42 months old) were compared to a case-control matched group of mothers with no eating psychopathology and their toddlers. Measures included current maternal eating and co-occurring psychopathology, and a developmental assessment of each child. The children of mothers with eating disorders showed delayed mental and psychomotor development. Severity of maternal eating disorder symptoms emerged as a significant predictor of child development, but other maternal psychopathology did not. Findings suggest that maternal eating disorder history may play a unique role in the development of neurodevelopmental functions in their children.
No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Eating disorders
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our study postulated that deficient mentalization abilities and maladaptive relationships with parents may be risk factors in the genesis of eating disorder (ED). The study examined 34 female inpatients with anorexia nervosa-binging/purging type and 35 matched non-ED controls. Data indicated that anorexia nervosa-binging/purging type patients presented significantly lower mentalization levels and reported significantly lower quality of current relationships with their parents, compared with non-ED controls. The combination of the mentalization and relationship quality variables showed an additive effect for some ED-related symptoms but not others. Moreover, high mentalization reduced ED symptomatology even if relationship quality with parents was deficient. Findings supported the role of low mentalization as a risk factor, and of high mentalization as a protective factor, in the formation of ED.
No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · The Journal of nervous and mental disease