[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have studied the pharmacokinetics of perindoprilat, the active metabolite of perindopril, in 7 hypertensive patients undergoing haemodialysis after short-term and long-term (1 month) perindopril. We also measured angiotensin-converting enzyme activity. Each subject took 2 mg of perindopril after a 4-hour haemodialysis. Serial blood samples were obtained each hour during dialysis and between dialysis (7 samples over 44 h).
Perindoprilat steady state was reached within 5 haemodialysis sessions. There was a high degree of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition after the first dose. Administration for 1 month did not modify the time to peak perindoprilat concentration but significantly increased the mean maximal concentration: 10.2 versus 26.8 ng · ml−1. The mean accumulation ratio was 3.5. The mean reduction in perindoprilat concentration after dialysis was greater than 50%.
Perindoprilat haemodialysis clearance was 62 ml · min−1 after the first administration and 72 ml · min−1 after 1 month.
Tolerance of perindopril was good throughout the study. Treatment can be begun with 2 mg of perindopril after haemodialysis in hypertensive patients undergoing haemodialysis.
No preview · Article · Feb 1993 · European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thirty-six hypertensive patients with impaired renal function entered a long-term study to assess the safety of perindopril. There were 28 men and 8 women of mean age 57.1 +/- 2.0 years (mean +/- SEM). The duration of documented hypertension was 7.3 +/- 1.2 years. Perindopril was given orally in single daily doses. The initial dosage was chosen according to the degree of renal function impairment: 29 patients received 4 mg o.d. [creatinine clearance (Clcr), 42.2 +/- 3.2 ml.min-1] and 7 patients received 2 mg o.d. (Clcr, 22.3 +/- 3.1 ml.min-1). Patients in whom blood pressure was not controlled had their dose doubled and then, if necessary, an additional diuretic therapy was added at subsequent visits. Six patients were withdrawn for adverse events (myocardial infarction, pneumonia, leucopenia in a patient who had lupus, diabetes mellitus, skin rash, epigastric pain), two patients were withdrawn for poor compliance, and three for personal convenience. The mean duration of treatment was 10.2 months with a range of 3-12 months (excluding one patient who died from myocardial infarction in the first days of the study and was not included in the analysis). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly (from 170.5/100.6 +/- 3.4/1.8 mm Hg to 151.8/88.8 +/- 3.0/1.7 mm Hg, n = 35, p less than 0.001). Baseline and final values of plasma creatinine (from 223.7 +/- 22.7 to 234.7 +/- 28.5 mumols/l), Clcr (42.5 +/- 3.2 to 45.7 +/- 4.6 ml.min-1), and kalemia (from 4.4 +/- 0.1 to 4.7 +/- 0.1 mmol/L) were not statistically different.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
No preview · Article · Feb 1991 · Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology