[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pharyngeal and diaphragm muscles contract and relax in synergy, which is why it was decided to compare their mechanical performance throughout the overall load continuum. The effects of fatigue were also studied. The isotonic mechanics of rat sternohyoid (SH; n=10) and diaphragm (D; n=10) were investigated in vitro. Force and length were measured in muscles contracting from zero load up to isometry. Maximum isometric tension (Pmax), peak mechanical work (Wmax), maximum unloaded shortening velocity (vzL) and mechanical efficiency (eff(max)) were recorded. Data were obtained both at baseline and after fatigue. SH muscles had a lower Pmax (96.0+/-13.7 versus 119.5+/-22.7 mN x mm(-2); p<0.05), a lower Wmax (5.5+/-1.2 versus 8.0+/-2.1 mJ x g(-1); p<0.01), a lower eff(max) (56.0+/-6.9 versus 62.6+/-5.8%; p<0.05) and a higher vzL (4.8+/-0.4 versus 3.4+/-0.4 initial length (L0) x s(-1); p<0.001) than D muscles. Wmax occurred at a higher relative load in SH (40% Pmax) than in D (30% Pmax). Fatigue did not modify eff(max) in SH muscles, whereas it significantly improved eff(max) in D muscles. These findings suggest that under control conditions, economy of force generation was less efficient in sternohyoid than in diaphragm muscles. Fatigue in sternohyoid muscles induced unfavourable mechanical behaviour. This may partly explain pharyngeal dilator muscle failure in the presence of increased loads. Whether these findings are relevant to human sleep apnoea syndrome has yet to be determined.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2000 · European Respiratory Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a case of osteoid osteoma of the petrous bone presenting with progressive sensorineural hearing loss. CT showed a dense homogeneous mass at the promontory surrounded by a thin bony border. On MRI this lesion gave intermediate signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo images and enhanced intensely with gadolinium. Surgical removal and pathological study proved the diagnosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The case of an osteoid osteoma of the middle ear in a 42 year old man is reported. No former case has now been reported in the literature for this localization. The suspected diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was based on the pain and the findings of bone computerize tomography. In our case, the osteoid osteoma was totally painless and the diagnosis was made after surgical findings by histological studies. Some clinical and imaging points, pathologic findings and differential diagnosis are also discussed.
No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High resolution computed tomography (CT) is today the best imaging to study chronic middle ear diseases. In a retrospective analysis of 85 chronic otitis media (cholesteatoma or not), the authors emphazise the diagnostic value of CT scan, its preoperative's role and the radiologic imaging of cholesteatoma. In our study, the radiosurgical correlation rate is 0.6 regarding positive diagnosis in chronic otitis or cholesteatoma. The malleus and incus analysis is correct, but stapes is not observed in 40% of cholesteatoma. The correlation of surgical and radiographic findings is excellent regarding the scutum, the horizontal semicircular canal (> 0.7), the tegmen (= 0.6), bad for the canal of facial nerve (< 0.5). The actual extent of chronic otitis media lesions is overestimated by CT scan in 70% of cases. The correlation's rate is reliable for epitympanum and aditus. To conclude, the preoperative CT is necessary in those cases: closed eardrum cholesteatoma, single functional ear, clinical complications and doubtful diagnosis.
No preview · Article · Jan 1995 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale