A Piasecki

Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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Publications (2)12.28 Total impact

  • D Paul · A Piasecki · H Baisch · M Begemann
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    ABSTRACT: Adult rat hepatocytes multiply in primary cultures when incubated in arginine-free MX-83 medium supplemented with dialyzed fetal calf serum, insulin, glucagon, hydrocortisone, epidermal growth factor, and transferrin. In the absence of mitogens, the fraction of the cells engaged in DNA synthesis dropped sharply. However, cells initiated DNA synthesis in response to the mitogenic mixture indicating that hepatocyte proliferation is controlled by G1----S transition rates. In contrast, rat hepatoma line DTH-3, derived from Morris 7777 "minimal deviation" hepatoma, required only insulin for proliferation in chemically defined MX-83 medium. The lengths of their cell cycle phases varied with the growth rate. The phases of the growth cycle were proportionately shortened (expanded) when the growth rate was increased (decreased). It is concluded that DTH-3 hepatoma cells, which display a decreased growth factor requirement as compared with adult rat hepatocytes differ from normal hepatocytes by fundamental alterations in the mechanisms controlling the progression of the cell cycle.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1988 · European Journal of Cell Biology
  • M Höhne · A Piasecki · E Ummelmann · D Paul
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    ABSTRACT: Neonatal rat hepatocytes (NRH) in primary cultures were transformed upon transfection with plasmid pSV 5-neo containing polyoma virus (Py) early region sequences. Clones of cells (Py-NRH) resistant to the antibiotic G418 were obtained after selection in arginine-deficient medium with serum, epidermal growth factor (EGF), transferrin and insulin. They did not undergo senescence during serial subcultivation. One clone (Py-NRH Cl A) harbored a single integrated copy of Py early region sequences and expressed transforming Py genes, hepatocyte-specific transcripts, including albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) mRNAs. Subclones isolated after about 45 cell doublings still contained albumin and AFP, but no TAT mRNAs, indicating that long-term stabilization of liver functions is not necessarily permanent unless selected for (e.g. arginine synthesis). Cells grew unrestricted in medium containing insulin and no longer required EGF. Cells grew in agar, secreted a beta-transforming growth factor-like activity into the medium and were tumorigenic in nude mice. Hybridization studies using v-erbB DNA as a probe showed that Py-NRH, unlike neonatal hepatocytes in primary culture, express the EGF receptor gene at low or undetectable levels. Py-NRH Cl A and a subclone (5A) derived from it, however, contained elevated levels of rat c-neu oncogene-related RNA, whereas levels in another subclone (3A) were low or undetectable. These findings demonstrate that a proto-oncogene was activated after transfection of hepatocytes with DNA tumor virus transforming genes. However, the expression of c-neu oncogene is not related to the maintenance of the transformed state.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1987 · Oncogene