Michael T Milano

University Center Rochester, Рочестер, Minnesota, United States

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Publications (122)503.99 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: We report the first noted incidence of a fatal leukoencephalopathy after whole brain radiation therapy. Several months after receiving whole brain radiation followed by a stereotactic surgery boost for isolated cerebral disease, our patient developed neurocognitive and functional decline and radiographic evidence of leukoencephalopathy with significant volume loss, without evidence of disease progression or identified etiologic comorbid condition. The importance of this report is to highlight possible severe post-radiotherapy leukoencephalopathic reactions. While clearly documenting an extremely rare event, this case may help highlight serious consideration of therapeutic interventions in an era when up-front stereotactic radiosurgery is accumulating supporting evidence.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Seminars in radiation oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with metastases limited in site and number, termed oligometastases, may represent a unique subpopulation of advanced NSCLC with improved prognosis. The optimal management of these patients remains unclear with the treatment approach currently undergoing a paradigm shift. The potential benefit of aggressive metastasis directed local treatment with surgery and/or radiotherapy (RT) in combination with systemic therapy is bolstered predominantly by retrospective analyses but also by a growing number of non-randomized prospective studies regarding the use of ablative RT techniques including stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), alternatively termed stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), directed at the primary tumor (if present) and all metastatic sites. Long-term survival is possible in a subset of patients treated aggressively in this manner. The challenge for the clinical oncology community moving forward is appropriately selecting patients for this treatment approach based on clinical, imaging, and molecular features and increasing enrollment of patients to prospective clinical trials to more definitively determine the added benefit and appropriate timing of aggressive metastasis directed therapy in the oligometastatic setting.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with brain metastasis from melanoma have poor outcomes. Radiation is used both for prognostic and symptomatic value. We aimed to further clarify the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as well as the prognostic implication of various sites of extracranial disease. The records of 73 consecutive patients treated at the University of Rochester Medical Center for brain-metastatic melanoma from January 2004 to October 2013 were reviewed. The median overall survival (OS) was 3.0 months. Patients treated with WBRT alone had decreased OS compared to those treated with SRS alone (HR = 0.38, p = 0.001) or WBRT and SRS (HR = 0.51, p = 0.039). The mean number of brain metastasis differed (p = 0.002) in patients in patients who received WBRT (4.0) compared to those who did not (2.0). Among patients with extracranial disease (n = 63), bone metastasis (HR = 1.86, p = 0.047, n = 15) was a negative prognostic factor; liver (HR = 1.59, p = 0.113, n = 17), lung (HR = 1.51, p = 0.23, n = 51) and adrenal metastasis (HR = 1.70, p = 0.15, n = 10) were not. In patients with concurrent brain and lung metastasis, those with disease limited to those two sites (OS = 8.7 mo, n = 13) had improved OS (HR = 0.44, p = 0.014) compared to those with additional disease (OS = 1.8 mo, n = 50). Based on this hypothesis-generating retrospective analysis, SRS may offer survival benefit compared to WBRT alone in patients with brain metastatic melanoma. Bone metastasis appears to confer a particularly poor prognosis. Those with disease confined to the lung and brain may represent a population with improved prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Neuro-Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate disease control and survival after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for lung metastases from colorectal cancer and to identify prognostic factors after treatment. Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer to the lungs treated with SBRT from 2002 to 2013 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Patients may have received prior systemic therapy, radiotherapy to nonthoracic sites and/or resection of thoracic and/or nonthoracic metastases. Endpoints were timed from end of SBRT and included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, distant metastases-free survival, and local failure-free survival. Univariate and multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to identify prognostic factors. Sixty-five patients were identified. Before SBRT, 69.2% and 33.8% of patients received systemic therapy and lung-directed local therapy, respectively, for metastatic disease. At the time of SBRT, 64.6% had lung-only involvement. Median survivals were: OS of 20.3 months (95% confidence intervals [CI], 15.9-27.0 mo), progression-free survival of 5.7 months (95% CI, 3.2-7.0 mo), distant metastases-free survival of 5.8 months (95% CI, 3.2-7.6 mo), and local failure-free survival of 15.4 months (95% CI, 8.5-21.1 mo). Nearly all (98%) patients developed distant progression. Extra lung and liver involvement at the time of initial metastases (hazard ratios [HR] 2.10) and extra lung involvement at SBRT (HR 2.67) were the only independent predictors of OS. Net gross target volume of >14.1 mL (HR 2.49) was the only independent predictor of local failure-free survival. Reasonable survival and local control can be achieved with SBRT. We identified several prognostic factors testable in future prospective trials that may help improve patient selection.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · American journal of clinical oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Increased risks of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with testicular cancer (TC) given chemotherapy in European studies were largely restricted to long-term survivors and included patients from the 1960s. Few population-based investigations have quantified CVD mortality during, shortly after, and for two decades after TC diagnosis in the era of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for CVD and absolute excess risks (AERs; number of excess deaths per 10,000 person-years) were calculated for 15,006 patients with testicular nonseminoma reported to the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (1980 to 2010) who initially received chemotherapy (n = 6,909) or surgery (n = 8,097) without radiotherapy and accrued 60,065 and 81,227 person-years of follow-up, respectively. Multivariable modeling evaluated effects of age, treatment, extent of disease, and other factors on CVD mortality. Significantly increased CVD mortality occurred after chemotherapy (SMR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.78; n = 54) but not surgery (SMR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.60 to 1.07; n = 50). Significant excess deaths after chemotherapy were restricted to the first year after TC diagnosis (SMR, 5.31; AER, 13.90; n = 11) and included cerebrovascular disease (SMR, 21.72; AER, 7.43; n = 5) and heart disease (SMR, 3.45; AER, 6.64; n = 6). In multivariable analyses, increased CVD mortality after chemotherapy was confined to the first year after TC diagnosis (hazard ratio, 4.86; 95% CI, 1.25 to 32.08); distant disease (P < .05) and older age at diagnosis (P < .01) were independent risk factors. This is the first population-based study, to our knowledge, to quantify short- and long-term CVD mortality after TC diagnosis. The increased short-term risk of CVD deaths should be further explored in analytic studies that enumerate incident events and can serve to develop comprehensive evidence-based approaches for risk stratification and application of preventive and interventional efforts. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    Preview · Article · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy remains the standard approach for brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Kinase inhibitors (KI) have become standard of care for metastatic RCC. They also increase the radiosensitivity of various tumor types in preclinical models. Data are lacking regarding the effect of KIs among RCC patients undergoing radiotherapy for brain metastases. We report our experience of radiotherapy for brain metastatic RCC in the era of targeted therapy and analyzed effects of concurrent KI therapy. We retrospectively analyzed 25 consecutive patients who received radiotherapy for brain metastases from RCC with whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), or both. Kaplan-Meier rates of overall survival (OS) and brain progression-free survival (BPFS) were calculated and univariate analyses performed. Lower diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) score and multiple intracranial metastases were associated with decreased OS and BPFS on univariate analysis; DS-GPA is also a prognostic factor on multivariate analysis. There was no significant difference in OS or BPFS for SRS compared with WBRT or WBRT and SRS combined. The concurrent use of KI was not associated with any change in OS or BPFS. This hypothesis-generating analysis suggests among patients with brain metastatic RCC treated with the most current therapies, those selected to undergo SRS did not experience significantly different survival or control outcomes than those selected to undergo WBRT. From our experience to date, limited in patient numbers, there seems to be neither harm nor benefit in using concurrent KI therapy during radiotherapy. Given that most patients progress systemically, we would recommend considering KI use during brain radiotherapy in these patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · American Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are at an increased risk of developing second malignancies. To the authors' knowledge, the risks of head and neck cancer (HNC) after HL and subsequent survival have not been thoroughly investigated.METHODS From the US population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database for 1973 through 2011, survivors of HL who developed HNC as a second cancer were analyzed. Patients with a first primary HNC were used as a comparison group. Observed-to-expected ratios and summary statistics were performed on patients with HL with squamous cell carcinoma (HL-SCC) and salivary gland cancer (HL-SGC). The impact of HL history on overall survival was assessed using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model.RESULTSThe observed-to-expected ratio for SCC among patients with HL was 1.73 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.36-2.16; P<.05), whereas it was 8.56 for SGC (95% CI, 5.82-12.15; P<.05). Using Cox proportional hazards modeling, a history of HL was found to be an adverse prognostic factor for overall survival for SCC (hazard ratio, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.08-1.73 [P = .009]) but not SGC (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.82-1.79 [P = .34]). The inferior survival of the patients in the HL-SCC cohort appears to be attributable to more deaths from HL and other malignancies diagnosed after SCC.CONCLUSIONS There is a significantly increased risk of salivary and nonsalivary HNC after HL, and worse survival for patients with HL-SCC versus those with a first primary SCC. Clinicians should be aware of the risks of HNC after HL. In the absence of evidence-based criteria, the authors recommend that survivors of HL undergo periodic head and neck examination. Cancer 2015. © 2015 American Cancer Society.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: The management of patients with oligometastatic NSCLC is controversial. The findings of this meta-analysis of 757 oligometastatic NSCLC patients treated with ablative treatments to all sites of disease suggest that the timing of metastatic disease (synchronous vs. metachronous) and intra-thoracic nodal status are key determinants of long term survival. A risk classification scheme is proposed to guide clinical decision-making.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Clinical Lung Cancer
  • J. Bates · P. Youn · C.R. Peterson · K.Y. Usuki · M.T. Milano

    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • D. Bergsma · P. Youn · S. Dhakal · M.T. Milano

    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • Joseph K Salama · Michael T Milano
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    ABSTRACT: Advances in radiotherapy planning and delivery have been used to treat patients with limited metastatic disease. With these techniques, high rates of treated metastasis control and low toxicity have been reported. Some patients have long disease-free intervals after radiotherapy similar to those seen after surgical resection. Ongoing studies will determine the benefit of these irradiation techniques to treat limited metastases, identify appropriate candidates, and assist in integrating these treatments into management strategies for specific diseases.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Annually, 1.4 million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) and are at risk for another common malignancy: non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). No large population-based study has examined subsequent survival. Methods: Women with histologically confirmed NSCLC after BC (BC-NSCLC, n = 3529) were identified in SEER-18 registries (1988-2009). Clinicopathologic characteristics and survival outcomes were compared among women with first primary NSCLC (NSCLC-1, n = 151,628). Cox regression analyses were adjusted for patient, BC, and NSCLC factors. Results: BC-NSCLC was diagnosed at earlier stages (34% localized, 30% regional, 36% distant) than NSCLC-1 (22%, 28%, and 50%, respectively; p < 0.0001). For localized and regional BC-NSCLC, surgical resection rates were higher than NSCLC-1 (72% versus 69% [p < 0.01] and 56% versus 46% [p < 0.0001]), respectively). Radiotherapy was given less often for BC-NSCLC than NSCLC-1 (localized: 15% versus 18%, p < 0.004; regional: 38% versus 49%, p < 0.0001). Median overall survival (OS) after localized, regional, and distant BC-NSCLC was 5.1 years, 1.9 years, and 5.8 months, respectively. For NSCLC-1, median OS was 4.6 years, 1.5 years, and 4.6 months, respectively. BC history did not affect OS for localized NSCLC, and OS was modestly greater after regional (p = 0.016) and distant (p < 0.0001) BC-NSCLC compared with NSCLC-1. BC radiotherapy to the ipsilateral chest did not unfavorably influence OS. Conclusions: BC survivors are more likely to be diagnosed with earlier stage NSCLC versus first primary NSCLC patients, perhaps reflecting heightened surveillance compared with the general population. In contrast to prior studies of NSCLC in survivors of lymphopoietic malignancies, BC history does not appear to adversely affect OS after NSCLC.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction/background: An individual patient data metaanalysis was performed to determine clinical outcomes, and to propose a risk stratification system, related to the comprehensive treatment of patients with oligometastatic NSCLC. Materials and methods: After a systematic review of the literature, data were obtained on 757 NSCLC patients with 1 to 5 synchronous or metachronous metastases treated with surgical metastectomy, stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery, or radical external-beam radiotherapy, and curative treatment of the primary lung cancer, from hospitals worldwide. Factors predictive of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were evaluated using Cox regression. Risk groups were defined using recursive partitioning analysis (RPA). Analyses were conducted on training and validating sets (two-thirds and one-third of patients, respectively). Results: Median OS was 26 months, 1-year OS 70.2%, and 5-year OS 29.4%. Surgery was the most commonly used treatment for the primary tumor (635 patients [83.9%]) and metastases (339 patients [62.3%]). Factors predictive of OS were: synchronous versus metachronous metastases (P < .001), N-stage (P = .002), and adenocarcinoma histology (P = .036); the model remained predictive in the validation set (c-statistic = 0.682). In RPA, 3 risk groups were identified: low-risk, metachronous metastases (5-year OS, 47.8%); intermediate risk, synchronous metastases and N0 disease (5-year OS, 36.2%); and high risk, synchronous metastases and N1/N2 disease (5-year OS, 13.8%). Conclusion: Significant OS differences were observed in oligometastatic patients stratified according to type of metastatic presentation, and N status. Long-term survival is common in selected patients with metachronous oligometastases. We propose this risk classification scheme be used in guiding selection of patients for clinical trials of ablative treatment.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Clinical Lung Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is a World Health Organization grade I ependymoma that is quite rare and generally thought to be benign. Possible drop metastasis from MPE has been reported three times in the literature; in each case there were cotemporaneous additional MPE lesions. We report the case of a man who had a piecemeal gross total resection of a MPE at L1-L3 followed by adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) who presented sixteen months later with a lesion in the thecal sac consistent with drop metastasis. A subtotal resection and adjuvant EBRT were performed. The patient has been disease-free in follow-up 27 months from the second surgery. A review of the literature regarding the treatment for MPE showed that gross total resection is optimal initial management. Several retrospective studies supported the role of adjuvant radiotherapy in enhancing local control and progression-free survival. Chemotherapy has a minimal role in the management of MPE.
    Preview · Article · May 2014 · Rare tumors

Publication Stats

2k Citations
503.99 Total Impact Points


  • 2006-2015
    • University Center Rochester
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Рочестер, Minnesota, United States
    • University of Rochester
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Rochester, New York, United States
  • 2014
    • Duke University
      Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • 2003-2005
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Radiation & Cellular Oncology
      Chicago, Illinois, United States