MiJin Gu

Yeungnam University, 경산시, Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea

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Publications (2)2.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Although primary small intestinal carcinoma (SIC) is morphologically similar to colorectal carcinoma and shares many of the genetic changes of carcinogenesis, little is known about the role of defective mismatch repair (MMR) genes involved in the SIC. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of defective MMR genes and correlation between clinicopathological factors and loss of MMR protein in SIC. Methodology: A total of 195 SIC cases were collected from 20 institutions in Korea and tissue microarrays (TMA) were made. The loss of expression of hMLH1, hMSH2 and hMSH6 was examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: The loss of expression of hMLH1, hMSH2 and hMSH6 was identified in 25/193 (13.0%), 25/193 (13%) and 29/195 (15%), respectively. The loss of hMSH2 expression was associated with retroperitoneal seeding. Patients with loss of hMSH6 expression had a tendency to invade deeply and a higher frequency of pancreas invasion. The loss of hMSH6 expression was associated less frequently with peritumoral adenoma. There was no survival difference by MMR protein expression status. Conclusions: The loss of MMR protein was associated with some distinct clinicopathological features. MMR pathway seems to be major pathway in carcinogenesis of SICs. MMR defect seems to be related with sporadic-microsatellite instability (MSI).
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite remarkable progress in understanding and treating gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) during the past two decades, the pathological characteristics of GISTs have not been made clear yet. Furthermore, concrete diagnostic criteria of malignant GISTs are still uncertain. We collected pathology reports of 1,227 GISTs from 38 hospitals in Korea between 2003 and 2004 and evaluated the efficacy of the NIH and AFIP classification schemes as well as the prognostic factors among pathologic findings. The incidence of GISTs in Korea is about 1.6 to 2.2 patients per 100,000. Extra-gastrointestinal GISTs (10.1%) are more common in Korea than in Western countries. In univariate analysis, gender, age, tumor location, size, mitosis, tumor necrosis, vascular and mucosal invasions, histologic type, CD34 and s-100 protein expression, and classifications by the NIH and AFIP criteria were found to be significantly correlated with patient's survival. However, the primary tumor location, stage and classification of the AFIP criteria were prognostically significant in predicting patient's survival in multivariate analysis. The GIST classification based on original tumor location, size, and mitosis is more efficient than the NIH criteria in predicting patient's survival, but the mechanism still needs to be clarified through future studies.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Journal of Korean medical science