[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The determination of the micro-equilibrium prototropic constants is often a tough task when the tautomeric ratio favors one of the species or when the chemical exchange is not slow enough to allow the quantitative detection of the tautomeric species. There are just few experimental methods available to reveal the constants of the tautomeric micro-equilibriums; its applicability depends on the nature of the tautomeric system. A combination of experimental and quantum chemistry calculated (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts is presented here to estimate the population of the species participating in the tautomeric equilibriums of the tenoxicam, an important anti-inflammatory drug. A multivariate fitting of a fraction-mol-weighted contribution model, for the NMR chemical shifts of the species in solution, was used to find the populations of the tautomers of tenoxicam. To consider and evaluate the effect of the solvent polarity on the tautomers' populations, experimental determinations were carried out in DMSO-d(6), in an equimolar DMSO-H(2)O mixture of deuterated solvents and in D(2)O. Additionally, by employing HYPNMR, it has been possible to refine the acid-base macroscopic constants of tenoxicam.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gas- and aqueous-phase acidities of a series of oxicams have been computed by combining M05-2X/6-311+G(3df,2p) gas-phase free energies with solvation free energies from the CPCM-UAKS, COSMO-RS, and SMD solvent models. To facilitate accurate gas-phase calculations, a benchmarking study was further carried out to assess the performance of various density functional theory methods against the high-level composite method G3MP2(+). Oxicams are typically diprotic acids, and several tautomers are possible in each protonation state. The direct thermodynamic cycle and the proton exchange scheme have been employed to compute the microscopic pK(a)s on both solution- and gas-phase equilibrium conformers, and these were combined to yield the macroscopic pK(a) values. Using the direct cycle of pK(a) calculation, the CPCM-UAKS model delivered reasonably accurate results with MAD ~ 1, whereas the SMD and COSMO-RS models' performance was less satisfactory with MAD ~ 3. Comparison with experiment also indicates that direct cycle calculations based on solution conformers generally deliver better accuracy. The proton exchange cycle affords further improvement for all solvent models through systematic error cancellation and therefore provides better reliability for the pK(a) prediction of compounds of these types. The latter approach has been applied to predict the pK(a)s of several recently synthesized oxicam derivatives.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry A