Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of atorvastatin on parathyroid hormone1-34 (PTH1-34) induced neonatal rat cardiomyocytes hypertrophy and on the expression changes of small GTP-binding protein (K-Ras) and extracellular signal regulated protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2). Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes hypertrophy was established with 10(-7) mol/L rPTH1-34 in the presence or absence of 10(-5) mol/L atorvastatin or 10(-4) mol/L mevalonic acid (MVA). Cardiomyocyte diameter was measured by Motic Images Advanced 3.0 software, the synthetic rate of protein in cardiomyocytes was determined by (3)H-leucine incorporation and single-cell protein content was measured by BCA. The concentration of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were determined by ELISA. Protein expression of ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2 and K-Ras was detected by Western blot. Compared to PTH1-34 group, cellular diameter was decreased 12.07 µm, (3)H-leucine incorporation decreased 1622 cpm/well and single-cell protein content decreased 84.34 pg, ANP or BNP concentration reduced 7.13 µg/L or 20.04 µg/L, protein expression of K-Ras, ERK1/2 or p-ERK1/2 downregulated 0.81, 0.19 and 1.44 fold, respectively, in PTH1-34 plus atrovastatin co-treated cardiomyocytes (all P < 0.05). Compared to PTH1-34 plus atrovastatin co-treated group, cardiomyocyte diameter increased 4.95 µm, (3)H-leucine incorporation increased 750 cpm/well and single-cell protein content increased 49.08 pg, ANP or BNP increased 3.12 µg/L or 9.35 µg/L and protein expression of K-Ras, ERK1/2 or p-ERK1/2 upregulated 0.52, 0.06 and 1.19 fold (all P < 0.05) in MVA, PTH1-34 and atrovastatin co-treated cardiomyocytes. Atrovastatin attenuates PTH1-34 induced neonatal rat cardiomyocytes hypertrophy through downregulating K-Ras and ERK1/2 pathway.
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ABSTRACT: To measure the expression of CD80 and CD86 in renal tissue of lupus nephritis (LN) and explore its mechanism in the development of LN. Forty-nine patients with active LN and 9 patients with minor glomerular abnormalities tissues as controls were studied. The expression of CD80 and CD86 in renal tissues was detected by immunohistochemical methods. CD86 was expressed extensively in glomerulus, periglomerular area, tubular epithelial cells and peritubular interstitium, while CD80 was expressed only in tubular epithelial cells and peritubular interstitium. Moreover, the percentage of CD80+ and CD86+ cells in tubular epithelial cells and peritubular interstitium showed a tendency to increase with tubulointerstitial damage. The expression of CD80 and CD86 in renal tissue correlated with the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity index score, the degree of proteinuria, creatinine clearance and anti-dsDNA antibody. This study shows that increased CD80 and CD86 expression with the progression of tubulointerstitial lesion might play an important role in the development of lupus nephropathy, and the tubulointerstitial expression of CD80 and CD86 could potentially serve as a surrogate marker of SLE disease activity. The co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86 might play an important role in the pathogenesis of LN.
Harbin Medical UniversityCharbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China