[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a 6-year-old girl with a subtle form of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia and a phenotype consisting of curly hair, a round face, a stocky build, and obesity, which was associated with intrathoracic neuroblastoma. Although this new association could be a chance occurrence, its description may alert physicians to look for similar combinations and report these, as it may lead to better syndrome delineation, and patient care.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Pediatric Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Global developmental delay is a serious social problem. It is often unrecognized and the phenotypes are inadequately studied. To investigate the phenotypes of children with aspecific central nervous system (CNS) impairment (poor speech, maladaptive behavioral symptoms such as temper tantrums, aggressiveness, poor concentration and attention, impulsiveness, and mental retardation). SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Three children (two male siblings, and one unrelated girl). METHODS: We used the results from clinical neurological evaluations; imaging and electrodiagnostic studies; metabolic and genetic tests; skin biopsies and bone mineral densitometry. All three children suffered from (A) global developmental delay, (B) osteopenia, and (C) identical skin defects. The skin ultrastructural abnormalities were abnormal keratin differentiation, consisting of hyperkeratosis and granular layer thickening; sweat gland abnormalities, consisting of focal, cytoplasmic clear changes in eccrine secretory cells; and melanocyte abnormalities, with both morphological changes (reduced number and size without evident dendritic processes), and functional changes (defects in the migration of melanosomes in the keratinocytes). These patients present a previously unrecognized syndrome. We retain useful to report this new association, to be recognized, in the next future, as a specific key-sign of a well-defined genetic defect.
No preview · Article · May 2006 · Brain and Development
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a 30-year-old woman with hypertelorism, ptosis, and myopia associated with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome), mental delay, growth deficiency, ectodermal defects, and osteopenia. To the best of our knowledge, this patient has an unusual combination of symptoms not previously described, associated with severe central nervous system dysfunction. The ectodermal defects were present in a very intriguing form, were difficult to diagnose, and did not conform to any classification or previous description.
No preview · Article · Jun 2004 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Reported is an association of atypical benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) and homocystinuria in three apparently healthy children with borderline intelligence, two of whom had difficult-to-control seizures. In all three, EEG were suggestive of BECTS, although the clinical features were not. Homocystinuria could not be diagnosed for several years, pending metabolic evaluation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare metabolic disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance that is clinically characterized by neuromotor delay, hyperlactic acidemia, recurrent petechiae, orthostatic acrocyanosis, and chronic diarrhea. Increased urinary levels of ethylmalonic acid and methylsuccinic acid are the main biochemical features of the disorder. We report on two patients affected by EE who showed different clinical and neuroradiological patterns. Patient 1 presented with a chronic clinical course characterized by very slow neuromotor deterioration, ataxia, and dysarthria. In contrast, patient 2 had an acute neonatal onset with severe neuromotor retardation, severe generalized hypotonia, and intractable seizures. Neuroradiological follow-up of patient 1 detected a diffuse hyperintensity on the T2 images at the basal ganglia which remained stable during a period of four years. Patient 2, in contrast, showed a rapid process of cerebral, and in part, cerebellar atrophy. On the basis of our observations, we reviewed the data published in the literature and tried to delineate the natural history of EE, which appears to be characterized by a wide spectrum of severity in the clinical course. No reports on neuroradiological follow-up of EE patients are available in the literature with which to compare our data. Finally, both patients showed a muscle COX deficiency. The pathogenetic implications of such a biochemical finding will be also discussed.
No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · Journal of Neurology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case of cerebral venous thrombosis caused by undiagnosed homocystinuria is reported. The pitfalls regarding the diagnosis of a potentially medically treatable condition are discussed. Cerebral venous thrombosis in children has a variable type of onset and a multiplicity of causes. This type of pathology, although not frequent, is more common than previously thought. Among the different etiologies, undiagnosed homocystinuria is not routinely considered. We report a case of venous thrombosis of the left transverse cerebral sinus in a girl with drug-resistant partial epilepsy and homocystinuria. This diagnosis was considered and confirmed after the appearance of acute cerebral symptoms caused by venous thrombosis.
No preview · Article · Oct 2001 · Journal of Child Neurology