[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation is widely diffuse in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients and is associated with poor survival. Hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion (HFR) is a dialysis technique, highly biocompatible, able to adsorb proinflammatory cytokines and to decrease amino acids and antioxidants loss. These features could be helpful in MHD patients affected by idiopathic chronic inflammation, but this issue remains to be elucidated. We performed a multicenter longitudinal study to assess the effect of the switching from bicarbonate HD to HFR in patients with serum C-reactive Protein (CRP) > 5 mg/L coupled with albumin <4.0 g/dL in the last 6 months. We enrolled 24/176 (14%) patients, of which 20 patients were assessed at 4 months and 18 completed the study. We excluded 11 patients with evident causes of inflammation. At baseline, serum levels of CRP (18.7[7.0–39.4] mg/L) and albumin (3.5[3.3–3.7] g/dL) were significantly correlated (r = −0.49; P = 0.028). The effect on CRP and albumin was almost evident in the first 4 months and remained stable until to eighth month. A strict correlation (R = −0.49; 0.040) between percentage change of CRP (−35%) and albumin (+14%) after 8 months of HFR. These effects were associated with the reduction of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α and the increment of pre-albumin and leptin, whereas the serum levels of Branched Chain Amino Acid (BCAA) remained unchanged. In MHD patients affected by idiopathic chronic inflammation the switching from BHD to HFR is associated with improvement of inflammation. Whether these favorable effects may modify the outcomes of these high-risk patients needs to be confirmed by studies ad hoc.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Hemodialysis International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The patients under maintenance haemodialysis (HD) continue to have an unacceptably excess of mortality compared to general population, that may be explained by high prevalence of inflammation that significantly influences the survival of these patients. Indeed, chronic inflammation is very common in HD and it may cause malnutrition and progression of atherosclerotic disease by several pathogenetic mechanisms triggered by pro-inflammatory cytokines. Currently no pharmacological intervention is specifically targeted the idiopathic chronic inflammation. Hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion (HFR) is a dialysis technique, highly biocompatible, that combines three depurative mechanisms: diffusion, convection and absorption. The ultrafiltrate is obtained from convective section of dialyzer (convection). It is regenerated by passing through the adsorbent macro-porous synthetic resin cartridge (absorption) and then it is reinfused into the second section of the filter (diffusion). This resin cartridge is able to absorb cytokines and other uremic toxins, whereas allows to pass nutrients and antioxidants, as amino acids and vitamins, with a consequent decrement of inflammation and oxidative stress. These characteristics suggest the use of HFR in HD patients affected by overt and idiopathic chronic inflammation. In these patients, we observed that the switching from Bic-HD to HFR allowed an improvement of inflammatory as testified by a significant decrement of serum levels of CRP IL-6, IL-1 and TNF- and a significant increase of albumin and pre-albumin. Whether these favorable effects may modify the outcomes of these high-risk patients, needs to be confirmed by studies ad-hoc.
No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Giornale italiano di nefrologia: organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di nefrologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: During hemodialysis, amino acids (AA) are lost in the ultrafiltrate with consequent modification of their plasma profile. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate intradialytic changes of plasma AA levels during a single session of hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion (HFR) versus acetate-free biofiltration (AFB). 48 patients chronically treated with HFR or AFB were matched 1:1 for age, gender, Kt/V and diabetes. Blood samples were collected at the beginning and the end of dialysis. Baseline plasma levels (μmol/l) of total AA (3,176 ± 722), essential AA (889 ± 221), and branched chain AA (459 ± 140) levels in HFR were similar to those in AFB (3,399 ± 621, 938 ± 277, and 463 ± 71, respectively). Plasma intradialytic AA levels did not change in HFR, while in AFB there was a reduction by about 25%. In conclusion, as compared with AFB, HFR has a sparing effect on AA loss due to the lack of adsorption by cartridge and to their complete reinfusion in blood.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Blood Purification