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ABSTRACT: Our main objective was to test the efficacy of 6-anilino-5, 8-quinolinedione (LY83583) in vivo, a putative inhibitor of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) production. If the drug proved capable of lowering plasma, vascular, and kidney levels of cGMP and of inhibiting the hypotensive effect of sodium nitroprusside and methacholine, then LY83583 could be of potential use in exploring the contribution of cGMP to cardiovascular and renal physiology. We found that when administered to trained conscious rats, LY83583 (1-mg/kg bolus, followed by a 2-hr infusion of 3 mg/kg·hr) decreased plasma cGMP concentration by 36% (P < 0.01). Doubling the dosage of drug (2-mg/kg bolus, 6 mg/kg·hr) decreased plasma cGMP by 46% (P < 0.05). We next measured tissue levels of cGMP ex vivo from rats that had received LY83583 or vehicle for 2 hr. The cGMP content of aortic segments when LY83583 was infused at the low dose, or renal cortical tissue when LY83583 was infused at both doses, was not significantly different from the cGMP content of tissue from rats that had received vehicle. LY83583 in doses up to 10-mg/kg bolus, followed by 6 mg/kg·hr infusion also failed to attenuate the hypotensive response to sodium nitroprusside or methacholine in conscious rats. Last, we tested whether, in our hands, LY83583 could reduce cGMP of aortic segments and kidney cortical slices in vitro. We found that after 10 min of incubation, 10-5 M LY83583 decreased intracellular cGMP by approximately 65% and 50% in aortic and kidney tissues, respectively. In order to ascertain whether LY83583 lowered cGMP by stimulating phosphodiesterase, we incubated tissues with 10-4 M 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine to inhibit the enzyme. In the presence of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine LY83583 still exerted an inhibitory effect on cGMP production by aortic and kidney tissues. In conclusion, although LY83583 is a useful agent to lower renal and vascular tissues levels of cGMP in vitro, its efficacy in vivo seems doubtful.
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
- School of Medicine