[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the inhibitory effects of dobutamine on gastric adenocarcinoma cells.
Dobutamine was used to treat gastric adenocarcinoma cells (SGC-7901) and cell viability was determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The effects of dobutamine combined with cisplatin on cell viability were also analyzed. Cell migration was studied using the wound healing assay, and cell proliferation was analyzed using the colony formation assay. A cell invasion assay was carried out using Transwell cell culture chambers. The cell cycle and cell apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Western blot and immunocytochemistry were performed to determine the expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP) in treated cells.
Dobutamine significantly inhibited cell growth, migration, cell colony formation, and cell invasion into Matrigel. Dobutamine also arrested the cell cycle at G1/S phase, and increased the rate of apoptosis of gastric adenocarcinoma cells. The expression of YAP was detected mainly in the nucleus in the absence of dobutamine. However, reduced expression of phosphorylated YAP was mainly found in the cytosol following treatment with dobutamine.
Dobutamine has significant inhibitory effects on gastric adenocarcinoma cells and may be used in neoadjuvant therapy not only for gastric cancer, but also for other tumors.
Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine(5-aza-CdR) combined with imatinib on the proliferation, motility, invasion, and apoptosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GIST) cells in vitro.
MTT assay was used to investigate the effect of the two agents on proliferation of GIST882. Plate colony forming assay was used to determine the number of colony-forming. Motility and invasion abilities were tested to evaluate the inhibitory effect of each agent. Flow cytometry was used to observe apoptosis and cell cycle.
5-aza-CdR or imatinib effectively inhibited the growth of GIST882 cells in concentration- and time-dependent manner. The inhibitory rate of combined treatment using 5-aza-CdR and imatinib was significantly higher than that of 5-aza-CdR or imatinib alone(P<0.05). After treatment for 48 h, the apoptosis rates of 5-aza-CdR group (1000 μg/L) and imatinib group (100 μmol/L) were (11.7±1.2)% and (14.6±0.8)%, respectively. Compared with the control group (2.8±0.3)%, the difference was statistically significant(P=0.000). Furthermore, the difference in apoptosis rate was significant between combined treatment group (19.4±1.1)% and single drug treatment group(vs. 5-aza-CdR group, P=0.000, vs. imatinib group, P=0.013). 5-aza-CdR raised G0/G1 ratio and reduced S ratio of GIST882. Imatnib and combined group had no apparent influence on the cell cycle of GIST882 cells.
5-aza-CdR may be a potential agent of GIST treatment in the near future.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect microsatellite loci alterations by fluorescent multiplex PCR in urine sediment cell of urothelial carcinoma, and to determine if they can be used as genetic markers for diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma.
Microsatellite alteration analysis was conducted using fluorescent multiplex PCR with samples from 64 cases of urothelial carcinomas of the bladder. Three microsatellites spanning the 3p14 and two additional microsatellites in 9q33 and 9p22 were analyzed. Microsatellite alterations (microsatellite instability and/or loss of heterozygosity) in urine sediment cells of urothelial carcinoma patients matched for peripheral blood and tumor tissue were all analyzed.
The frequency of microsatellite alterations in urothelial carcinoma was chromosome 3p (D3S1234: 14.6% (7/48), D3S1300: 16.7% (8/48), D3S1313: 8.35% (4/48)); 9q (D9S242: 33.3% (16/48)), and 9p (D9S162: 27.1% (13/48)). Microsatellite alterations happened in 62.5% (40/64) of the patients when combined with all five markers. Our study showed a significant correlation between the microsatellite alteration of the five-locus panel and recurrence (p = 0.010) and smoking habit (p = 0.006).
The results suggest that these microsatellite loci alterations may have an important role in the recurrence of urothelial carcinomas. Further studies are needed to better determine the effect of microsatellite loci alterations on prognosis.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Urologia Internationalis
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. The pathogenesis of GIST may be associated with the mutations of oncogenic c-kit or platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA). The pathological diagnosis of GIST needs a combined approach of macropathology, histopathology, immunohistochemistry and gene testing. Preoperative diagnosis is very important for patients with GIST, especially for those needing individualized treatment. In this article, we will review the recent advances in pathological diagnosis of GIST and the consensus criteria for risk stratification of GIST. Besides, we will also summarize the molecular biological parameters used for evaluation of the biological behavior of GIST.
Preview · Article · Jan 2010 · World Chinese Journal of Digestology