[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In patients with clinical stage I non-seminomatous testicular cancer only limited information is available about the administrative problems with the surveillance programme, in particular if this policy is to be implemented in a geographically extended country with limited computerised tomography (CT) resources. One hundred and two patients with non-seminomatous testicular cancer clinical stage I and low-risk histology (MRC criteria, UK) were followed by the surveillance policy for at least 1 year after orchiectomy (median 47 months, range 21-81 months). Twenty-two patients (22%) relapsed after a median time of 5 months (range 2-18 months), 14 of them in the retroperitoneal space. Serum alpha-fetoprotein and/or human chorionic gonadotrophin were elevated in eight of the 22 relapsing patients. The progression-free and cancer-corrected survival rates were 78% and 99% respectively. Patient non-compliance did not represent a major problem, whereas the regular and adequate performance of necessary CT examinations yielded some administrative difficulties. One and 3 years after orchiectomy about 50% of the relapse-free patients had no psychological problems and were satisfied with the surveillance programme, whereas 46% reported minor and 4% major psychological distress. Despite non-negligible administrative difficulties in geographically extended countries, surveillance is feasible and safe in compliant patients with low-risk non-seminomatous testicular cancer stage I. The responsible cancer centre and the local hospitals should establish a high degree of cooperation and enable adequate follow-up examinations in these patients.
Preview · Article · Jan 1995 · British Journal of Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thirty-six of 39 previously untreated evaluable patients with advanced metastatic seminoma (stage greater than or equal to IIb) obtained a complete response (CR) and three a partial response (PR) after cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy with or without surgery/radiotherapy (group 1). After a median observation time of 36 months, 33 patients are alive with no evidence of disease (NED). Fifteen additional patients received cisplatin-based chemotherapy due to relapsing seminoma after initial radiotherapy (group 2). Thirteen patients obtained a CR, and two a PR. Patients from group 1 lived significantly longer after the start of chemotherapy than those from group 2. The rate and severity of the treatment-related complications were comparable in both groups. The most frequent nonfatal side effects of cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy were Raynaud-like phenomena, polyneuropathy, and myelosuppression. Four patients developed fatal complications (septicemia, bone marrow aplasia). In three of 12 patients with evaluable postchemotherapy histology, vital malignant seminoma was found. Cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy in advanced seminoma patients is highly effective, but includes a significant risk of severe complications. Less toxic treatment regimens should be explored, at least for patients who have less advanced tumors (stage IIb/limited stage IIc).
No preview · Article · Aug 1987 · Journal of Clinical Oncology