K. Dolezalova

The Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague, Praha, Praha, Czech Republic

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Publications (22)71.15 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different types of bariatric procedures on remission of T2DM and on the fatty acid composition in subcutaneous adipose tissue. Patients included obese diabetic women who underwent bariatric surgery: biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), n=8, laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB), n=9 or laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP), n=12. Anthropometric characteristics and fatty acid composition of adipose tissue (FA AT) were analyzed before surgery, then 6 months and 2 years after surgery. FA AT was analyzed by gas chromatography. Diabetes remission was estimated. BPD was most efficient in inducing a remission of diabetes (p=0.004). Significantly higher increases in lauric (12:0), myristoleic (14:1n-5) and palmitoleic (16:1n-7) acids and delta-9 desaturase were found two years after BPD, suggesting higher lipogenesis in adipose tissue. Docosatetraenoic acid (22:4n-6) increased significantly after BPD, while docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) decreased 6 months after BPD and increased after 2 years. No changes were found after LAGB and LGCP after 2 years. Bariatric surgery led to significant changes in the fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue in severely obese diabetic women after six months and two years, and was partly influenced by the type of surgery used.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca
  • Martin Fried · Karin Dolezalova · Petra Sramkova
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    ABSTRACT: For rather a long time, obesity problem in adolescents and children was largely ignored, or at best underestimated. This applies to both the potential health consequences and obesity tracking in adulthood and effective treatment.
    No preview · Chapter · Jan 2015
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2014
  • K. Dolezalova · M. Fried · P. Sramkova · D. Pichlerova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2014
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova · P. Sramkova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2014
  • K. Dolezalova · J. Herlesova · M. Fried

    No preview · Conference Paper · Jul 2014
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Jul 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP) is an emerging bariatric procedure that reduces the gastric volume without implantable devices or gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to explore changes in glucose homeostasis, postprandial triglyceridemia, and meal-stimulated secretion of selected gut hormones [glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), ghrelin, and obestatin] in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at 1 and 6 months after the procedure. Thirteen morbidly obese T2DM women (mean age, 53.2 ± 8.76 years; body mass index, 40.1 ± 4.59 kg/m(2)) were prospectively investigated before the LGCP and at 1- and 6-month follow-up. At these time points, all study patients underwent a standardized liquid mixed-meal test, and blood was sampled for assessment of plasma levels of glucose, insulin, C-peptide, triglycerides, GIP, GLP-1, ghrelin, and obestatin. All patients had significant weight loss both at 1 and 6 months after the LGCP (p ≤ 0.002), with mean percent excess weight loss (%EWL) reaching 29.7 ± 2.9 % at the 6-month follow-up. Fasting hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia improved significantly at 6 months after the LGCP (p < 0.05), with parallel improvement in insulin sensitivity and HbA1c levels (p < 0.0001). Meal-induced glucose plasma levels were significantly lower at 6 months after the LGCP (p < 0.0001), and postprandial triglyceridemia was also ameliorated at the 6-month follow-up (p < 0.001). Postprandial GIP plasma levels were significantly increased both at 1 and 6 months after the LGCP (p < 0.0001), whereas the overall meal-induced GLP-1 response was not significantly changed after the procedure (p > 0.05). Postprandial ghrelin plasma levels decreased at 1 and 6 months after the LGCP (p < 0.0001) with no significant changes in circulating obestatin levels. During the initial 6-month postoperative period, LGCP induces significant weight loss and improves the metabolic profile of morbidly obese T2DM patients, while it also decreases circulating postprandial ghrelin levels and increases the meal-induced GIP response.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Obesity Surgery
  • K. Dolezalova · M. Fried · P. Sramkova · D. Pichlerova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2013
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2013
  • K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2013
  • M Fried · K Dolezalova · J N Buchwald · T W McGlennon · P Sramkova · G Ribaric
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP) is a new metabolic/bariatric surgical procedure that requires no resection, bypass, or implantable device. We report LGCP outcomes in 244 morbidly obese patients. Between 2010 and 2011, patients underwent LGCP. Body mass index (BMI, kilogram per square meter) evolution, excess BMI loss (%EBMIL), excess weight loss (%EWL), complications, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) changes were recorded. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to assess weight change at 6, 12, and 18 months. Subgroup analyses were conducted to provide benchmark outcomes at 6 months. Logistic regression was used to identify characteristics predictive of suboptimal weight loss. Mean baseline BMI (±SD) was 41.4 ± 5.5 (80.7 % women, mean age 46.1 ± 11.0 years, 68 [27.9 %] patients had T2DM). Mean operative time was 70.6 min; mean hospitalization, 36 h (24-72). Sixty-eight patients (27.9 %) experienced postoperative nausea and/or vomiting that was controlled within 36 h. There was no mortality. Major complication rate was 1.2 % (n = 3). Repeated-measures ANOVA indicated significant weight loss across time points (p < 0.001). At 6 months (n = 105), BMI, %EBMIL, and %EWL were 36.1 ± 4.7, 34.8 ± 17.3, and 31.8 ± 15.9. Preoperative BMI was the only predictor of weight loss. Patients with BMI <40 lost more weight than those ≥40, although by 9 months, differences were no longer significant. In patients with preoperative BMI <40, 18-month %EWL approached 50 % and %EBMIL exceeded 50 %. At 6 months, 96.9 % of patients' T2DM was significantly improved/resolved. Over the short term, LGCP results in effective weight loss and significant T2DM reduction with a very low rate of complications.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Obesity Surgery
  • K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2011
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2011
  • M. Fried · K. Dolezalova · M. Gutierrez · S. K. Ghosh

    No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2011
  • M Fried · K Dolezalová
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment options for type 2 diabetes have changed dramatically in the past few years. Experimental works followed by evidence based studies proved long-term efficacy of metabolic surgery in type 2 diabetes treatment. Moreover diabetes resolution is not directly correlated with weight loss and occurs independently to it. Large literature metaanalyses showed that type 2 diabetes can be subtantially improved with metabolic surgery in about 85% of all diabetic patients, out of which can be resolved in more than 75%. Metabolic surgery affects hormonal secretion on multiple levels namely in the small intestine. Restrictive as well as combined and malabsorptive surgical procedures have positive effect on type 2 diabetes improvement as well as on metabolic syndrome, sleep apnea syndrome and on other comorbidities.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • Martin Fried · Karin Dolezalova · Petra Sramkova
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    ABSTRACT: The intended purpose of gastrogastric imbrication sutures in laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is to reduce band-related complications; however, evidence demonstrating imbrication suture utility has been lacking. A 3-year randomized controlled trial on the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding with and without imbrication sutures was undertaken. We performed a prospective investigation of the outcomes using the Swedish adjustable gastric band (SAGB) with and without imbrication sutures. From January to September 2006, 100 patients undergoing SAGB placement were randomized to group 1 (n = 50, ≥ 2 imbrication sutures) or group 2 (n = 50, no imbrication sutures). The SAGB was implanted in both groups using a standardized pars flaccida technique. The mean operative time, hospitalization time, percentage of excess weight loss, body mass index, band fill volume, and complications were recorded. The Fisher exact test for categorical data, the independent samples t test for continuous data, and the paired t test to assess the body mass index reduction were performed. All tests were 2-tailed, and statistical significance was set at P <.05. The mean operative time was 75 ± 7 minutes (range 50-92) and 48 ± 4 minutes (range 32-75) for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.001). The mean hospitalization time was 26 ± 12 hours (range 20-96) and 23 ± 9 hours (range 20-48) for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.17). The 3-year percentage of excess weight loss was 55.7% ± 3.4% and 58.1% ± 4.1% for groups 1 and 2, respectively (95% confidence interval -4.0% to -.8%, P <.01). The body mass index at 3 years was 34.0 ± 5.8 kg/m(2) and 30.3 ± 6.4 kg/m(2) (range 1.2-6.2) for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.01). The fill volume at 3 years was 3.6 ± 1.2 mL (range 1.0-5.5) and 4.5 ± 0.5 mL (range .0-5.0) for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.01). Finally, slippage occurred in 1 patient (2.2%) and 1 patient (2.0%) and migration in 1 patient (2.2%) and 1 patient (2.0%) in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = NS). No patient died in either group. The results of our randomized controlled trial have demonstrated that SAGB combined with a conservative approach to band adjustments and limited retrogastric dissection is effective and safe with and without imbrication sutures. Not using imbrication sutures results in significant benefits in operative speed with comparable clinical weight loss and intermediate term safety. These randomized controlled trial data suggest that imbrication sutures are not indispensable to laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and their use can be left to the surgeon's discretion.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Intraband pressure (IBP) measurement may be a less invasive method to assess esophageal motility response to band adjustment and restrictive integrity of the device in Swedish adjustable gastric band (SAGB) patients. However, the relationship between IBP and esophageal function is not yet established. Our aim was to characterize in vivo IBP–peristalsis associations in SAGB patients. Ten patients in their second postoperative year were prospectively recruited. IBP was measured via percutaneous port, and concurrent esophageal manometry was performed using an 8-channel catheter. Contraction length and amplitude were measured with both methods. The IBP–peristalsis correlation was computed using the R-square of the regression analysis (R 2) for band volumes ranging from 4 to 9 mL. One hundred ten swallows were studied. Excellent IBP–peristalsis correlation was observed in 6 of 10 patients (267 contractions): contraction length R 2 = 0.8537 and amplitude R 2 = 0.7365 (p-value of slope < 0.001). Mean contraction length was 17 ± 7 (4–42) s for manometry and 18 ± 7 (5–43) s for IBP. Mean amplitude was 55 ± 55 (9–209) mm Hg for manometry and 67 ± 47 (7–190) mm Hg for IBP. A weak IBP–peristalsis correlation was observed in the remaining four patients: two had impaired lower sphincter relaxation, one had band slippage, and one had disruption of the port needle connection. In vivo IBP measurement may be reliable in the assessment of esophageal peristalsis in response to band adjustments and the restrictive integrity of the device in patients with intact esophageal function. More studies are warranted to completely assess the potential for IBP to be indicative of the presence of band-related complications.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Obesity Surgery
  • Martin Fried · Karin Dolezalova

    No preview · Article · May 2010 · Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
  • M Fried · G Ribaric · J.N. Buchwald · S Svacina · K Dolezalova · N Scopinaro
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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) resolution in morbidly obese patients following metabolic surgery suggests the efficacy of T2DM surgery in non-morbidly obese patients (body mass index [BMI] <35 kg/m(2)). This literature review examined research articles in English over the last 30 years (1979-2009) that addressed surgical resolution of T2DM in patients with a mean BMI <35. Weighted and simple means (95% CI) were calculated to analyze study outcomes. Sixteen studies met inclusion criteria; 343 patients underwent one of eight procedures with 6-216 months follow-up. Patients lost a clinically meaningful, not excessive, amount of weight (from BMI 29.4 to 24.2; -5.1), moving from the overweight into the normal weight category. There were 85.3% patients who were off T2DM medications with fasting plasma glucose approaching normal (105.2 mg/dL, -93.3), and normal glycated hemoglobin, 6% (-2.7). In subgroup comparison, BMI reduction and T2DM resolution were greatest following malabsorptive/restrictive procedures, and in the preoperatively mildly obese (30.0-35.0) vs overweight (25.0-25.9) BMI ranges. Complications were few with low operative mortality (0.29%). Novel and/or known mechanisms of T2DM resolution may be engaged by surgery at a BMI threshold <or=30. The majority of low-BMI patients experienced resolution of laboratory and clinical manifestations of T2DM without inappropriate weight loss.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Obesity Surgery

Publication Stats

166 Citations
71.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010-2014
    • The Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
    • Charles University in Prague
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic