Jun Hye Kwon

Yonsei University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (5)17.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is an intracellular stress protein with the cytoprotective effect for a variety of noxious stresses. In this study, using a protein delivery system, we demonstrated the potential cytoprotective effect of HSP27 as a therapeutic protein in cardiac cells and ischemia/reperfusion animal model. We constructed a recombinant HSP27 fused to the protein transduction domain (PTD) derived from HIV-1 TAT protein. Purified recombinant TAT-HSP27 protein was efficiently delivered to H9c2 cells, and its transduction showed cytoprotective effect against the hypoxic stress. Moreover, transduction of TAT-HSP27 also attenuated hypoxia-induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by reduced caspase-3 activity. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of TAT-HSP27 into rat resulted in efficient protein transduction in heart tissues, decreased infarcted myocardium (control vs TAT-HSP27, 39.1% vs 29.5%, P<0.05) and preserved heart function (fractional shortening, 15.6% vs 33.4%, P<0.05), as determined at 7 d after I/R. These results suggest that the PTD-mediated delivery of HSP27 protein may represent a potential therapeutic strategy as protein drug for ischemic heart diseases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration, which has been proposed to initiate the intimal thickening in coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Berberine is an alkaloid in Berberis aquifolium and many other plants. Recently, it has been shown to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, such as anti-hyperglycemic and cholesterol-lowering activity. In this study, we investigated its effects on lysoPC-induced VSMC proliferation and migration. Berberine inhibited lysoPC-induced DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in VSMCs, as well as migration of the lysoPC-stimulated VSMCs. It also inhibited the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and reduced transcription factor AP-1 activity and the lysoPC-induced increases in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). These results indicate that the inhibitory effects of berberine on lysoPC-stimulated VSMC proliferation and migration are attributable to inhibition of ROS generation and hence of activation of the ERK1/2 pathway. This suggests that berberine has potential in the prevention of atherosclerosis and restenosis.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2006 · Molecules and Cells
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    ABSTRACT: Cytosine bases can be deaminated spontaneously to uracil, causing DNA damage. Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), a ubiquitous uracil-excising enzyme found in bacteria and eukaryotes, is one of the enzymes that repair this kind of DNA damage. To date, no UDG-coding gene has been identified in Methanococcus jannaschii, although its entire genome was deciphered. Here, we have identified and characterized a novel UDG from M.jannaschii designated as MjUDG. It efficiently removed uracil from both single- and double-stranded DNA. MjUDG also catalyzes the excision of 8-oxoguanine from DNA. MjUDG has a helix-hairpin-helix motif and a [4Fe-4S]-binding cluster that is considered to be important for the DNA binding and catalytic activity. Although MjUDG shares these features with other structural families such as endonuclease III and mismatch-specific DNA glycosylase (MIG), unique conserved amino acids and substrate specificity distinguish MjUDG from other families. Also, a homologous member of MjUDG was identified in Aquifex aeolicus. We report that MjUDG belongs to a novel UDG family that has not been described to date.
    Full-text · Article · May 2003 · Nucleic Acids Research
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases contribute to vascular remodeling by breaking down extracellular-matrix while new matrix is synthesized. Of the variety of MMPs, stromelysin-1 and gelatinase B may have key roles in coronary artery atherosclerosis. Moreover, The 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter region of the stromelysin-1 gene may be a pathogenetic risk factor for acute myocardial infarction. Gelatinase B (92-kDa type IV collagenase and MMP-9) is one of the MMPs found to be highly expressed in the disruption-prone regions of atherosclerotic plaques. C- to T substitution at the promoter site (-1562) resulted in the higher promoter activity of the T-allelic promoter. The R279Q polymorphism in exon 6 led to the substitution of adenosine by guanine, and was a common polymorphism in the general population. We evaluated the relation between these polymorphisms and stable angina, the severity of atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease, and instent restenosis after percutaneous coronary angioplasty.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2002 · Yonsei Medical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) is a pleiotropic mitogen which plays an important role in cell growth, differentiation, migration, and survival in different cells and organ systems. Recently, several clinical applications for FGF-2 gene transfer are being evaluated in wound healing and collateral artery development to relieve myocardial and peripheral ischemia due to the ability of FGF-2 to regulate the growth and function of vascular cells. However, FGF-2 lacks a classical hydrophobic secretion signal peptide, the FGF-2 chimeras containing various signal sequences have been explored. In this study, a novel recombinant 4sFGF-2 was constructed by replacing nine residues from the amino-terminus of native FGF-2 (Met1 to Leu9) with eight amino acid residues of signal peptide of FGF-4 (Met1 to Ala8) to better increase the secretion level of FGF-2. When the recombinant FGF-2 gene, cloned into the expression vector with CMV promoter, was expressed in COS-7 cells, the recombinant 4sFGF-2 was highly secreted into the media. The secreted 4sFGF-2 showed the same biological activity as the native FGF-2 in the dose-response effects on DNA synthesis and cell growth of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) and NIH3T3 cells. The 4sFGF-2 also was able to activate MAPK as wild FGF-2 in RASMCs. These results indicate that a novel recombinant 4sFGF-2 may be useful as clinical applicability of angiogenic growth factor gene transfer.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2001 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Publication Stats

134 Citations
17.08 Total Impact Points


  • 2001-2007
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Forensic Medicine and Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea