[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the phenotype and genotype in four Chinese pedigrees with inherited coagulation factor V (FV) deficiency.
The tests of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), FV activity (FV:C) and FV antigen (FV:Ag) were used for phenotype diagnosis. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of F5 gene were amplified by PCR and analyzed by direct sequencing.
The APTT and PT in each of the four probands were obviously prolonged, and both activity and antigen of FV in the four probands were extremely lower compared with that of normal mixed plasma. Sequencing of F5 gene in proband 1 identified a heterozygous mutation, G16088C (Asp68His), and four polymorphisms, T35788C (Met385Thr), A47295G (His1299Arg), A58668G (Met1736Val) and A74083G (Asp2194Gly), which were located in the same chromosome; proband 2 was homozygous for two mutations, C46253T (Arg952Cys) and C46724T(Gln1109stop); the F5 gene of proband 3 showed a homozygous missense mutation, C67793G(Pro2006Ala); and proband 4 was homozygous for one missense mutation, C74022T (Arg2174Cys).
Five mutations (Asp68His, Arg952Cys, Gln1109stop, Pro2006Ala and Arg2174Cys) and four polymorphisms (Met385Thr, His1299Arg, Met1736Val and Asp2194Gly) may lead to type I inherited FV deficiency for these four probands, respectively. Gln1109stop, Pro2006Ala and Arg2174Cys haven't been identified before.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the molecular mechanisms responsible for type I congenital antithrombin (AT) deficiency in two unrelated Chinese pedigrees manifesting multiple site venous thrombosis. Phenotype analysis showed both probands had almost 50% of normal AT levels. Direct sequencing of amplified DNA revealed 2757C > T in proband 1 and 13328G > A in proband 2, predicting a heterozygous Thr98Ile (T981) and Ala404Thr (A404T), respectively. No proband had 20210A allele or factor V Leiden mutation. Transient expression of complementary DNA coding for the mutations in COS-7 cells showed impaired secretion of the mutant molecules. Real-time quantitative PCR indicated that the mutant AT mRNA was transcribed at a similar or even higher level as that of wild-type (wt). Pulse-chase labeling studies suggested both AT variants did not accumulate, but degraded intracellularly. Immunohistochemical staining of the transfected cells revealed that CHO cells expressing the AT-198 mutant were stained diffusely without perinuclear enhancement and cells expressing AT-T404 mutant mainly in the whole cytoplasm with weaker perinuclear enhancement. We conclude that the impaired secretion of the mutant AT molecules, due to intracellular degradation, is the molecular pathogenesis of AT deficiency caused by T981 and A404T mutation for the two families, respectively.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Thrombosis and Haemostasis