Jasminka Balderacchi

Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, United States

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Publications (8)17.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Infection with Isospora belli is a well-known cause of chronic diarrhea in patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Recurrent isosporiasis, causing chronic diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus–seronegative individuals, should lead to a search for other causes of immunosuppression, including human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1 infection.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Infectious Disease in Clinical Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphoepithelioma-like-gastric carcinoma (LEL-GC) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated neoplasm of the stomach reported to have a better prognosis than conventional gastric adenocarcinoma. Unlike other EBV-associated malignancies, particularly lymphoproliferative disorders and undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma, for which risk has been shown to increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, LEL-GC remains rare; only one HIV-infected patient with LEL-GC has been reported previously. We describe an aggressive case of EBV-associated LEL-GC in a woman co-infected with HIV 1 and hepatitis C virus. In situ hybridization of an endoscopic biopsy specimen for EBV-encoded small RNA confirmed the presence of this agent exclusively in the gastric cancer cells. Our patient had recently started antiretroviral therapy, suggesting that immune reconstitution may have been a factor in presentation of this tumour.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · International Journal of STD & AIDS
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives . To determine the incidence and type of premalignant or malignant changes in mammaplasty specimens and to determine the incidence of these changes according to age distribution. Methods . Retrospective database review of patients who underwent a reduction mammaplasty between 1999 and 2009 was performed from pathology records at a single institution. Results . 700 patients were identified. Of the 644 patients who had bilateral reductions, 25 (4%) had significant pathologic findings. The likelihood of finding premalignant changes or cancer increased with advancing patient age (0.8 percent for patients 60 years old). Of the 56 patients who underwent unilateral mammaplasty, 12 patients (21%) had significant pathologic findings. The incidence of finding premalignant changes or cancer in this population also increased with advancing patient age (0 for patients 60 years old). Conclusions . When a unilateral mammaplasty is performed to match a breast reconstructed after cancer surgery, the likelihood of identifying premalignant changes or cancer increases more than fourfold. Therefore, one should consider additional radiologic imaging in the preoperative workup of patients with a history of carcinoma prior to undergoing unilateral mammaplasty.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012
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    Costantine Albany · George Psevdos · Jasminka Balderacchi · Victoria L Sharp
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    ABSTRACT: Few cases of Epstein-Barr virus myelitis have been described in the literature. Multi-centric Castleman's disease is a lymphoproliferative disorder that is well known for its associations with the human immunodeficiency virus, human herpes virus 8, and Kaposi's sarcoma. The concurrent presentation of these two diseases in a patient at the same time is extremely unusual. We describe the case of a 43-year-old Caucasian man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome who presented with fever, weight loss and diffuse lymphadenopathy, and was diagnosed with multi-centric Castleman's disease. He presented three weeks later with lower extremity weakness and urinary retention, at which time cerebrospinal fluid contained lymphocytic pleocytosis and elevated protein. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated abnormal spinal cord signal intensity over several cervical and thoracic segments, suggesting the diagnosis of myelitis. Our patient was ultimately diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus myelitis, as Epstein-Barr virus DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction in the cerebrospinal fluid. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of multi-centric Castleman's disease followed by acute Epstein-Barr virus myelitis in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient. Clinicians caring for human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients should be vigilant about monitoring patients with increasing lymphadenopathy, prompting thorough diagnostic investigations when necessary.
    Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Journal of Medical Case Reports
  • Aditi Ranade · Rashmi Batra · Gagangeet Sandhu · Rohit A Chitale · Jasminka Balderacchi
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    ABSTRACT: Pure mucinous breast carcinoma (PMBC) is uncommon and associated with better prognosis than mixed mucinous breast carcinoma (MMBC). A micropapillary pattern in PMBC has been identified although its prognostic significance is questionable. A retrospective review of 100 cases of mucinous carcinoma diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 was conducted. Two broad categories were studied: PMBC (more than 90% mucinous component; n=45) and MMBC (less than 90% mucinous component; n=55). PMBC was further subclassified as hypocellular/type A (n=37) and cellular/type B (n=8). Receptor status, clinicomorphological and prognostic features were compared without patient follow-up. Mean age at diagnosis in PMBC and MMBC was 60 and 63 years, while mean tumour size was 1.65 and 2.5 cm, respectively. Mean age in type A and type B PMBC patients was 75 and 55 years, respectively. The majority of PMBCs were well differentiated, with two poorly differentiated cases as well. The majority of MMBCs were moderately differentiated. A micropapillary pattern was seen in 20% of PMBCs. Sentinel lymph nodes were positive in 18.5% of PMBCs and 16% of MMBCs. Non-sentinel lymph nodes were positive in 14% of PMBCs and 39% of MMBCs. A micropapillary pattern was seen in 60% of LN positive PMBCs and 14% of LN negative PMBCs. Furthermore, 95% of PMBCs were ER(+), 84% were PR(+) and 9% were Her-2(+); 91% of MMBCs were ER(+), 87% were PR(+) and 33% were Her-2(+). PMBCs with a micropapillary pattern were more frequently associated with nodal disease. PMBCs with axillary disease had one or more of the following: micropapillary pattern, high nuclear grade, Her-2 positivity, smaller tumour size or younger age. Hence, axillary staging by sentinel lymph node biopsy is recommended in PMBCs.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of clinical pathology
  • Ali Amin · Jasminka L Balderacchi
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis rarely manifests by involving the cranial nerves exclusively. A 35-year-old woman presented with bilateral cavernous sinus masses and symptoms of trigeminal neuropathy. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging suggested an intracranial tumor, favoring a meningioma. The patient underwent emergent surgical decompression and tumor excision. Histopathology of the resected tumor revealed classic features of sarcoidosis, and she received steroid treatment accordingly. Neurosarcoidosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of idiopathic cranial neuropathies to avoid unnecessary surgery, since surgery has little, if any, role in the treatment of sarcoidosis. In the absence of primary organ involvement, radiologic diagnosis of cranial nerve sarcoidosis is unreliable; histopathology is required to reach a definitive diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Ear, nose, & throat journal
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    G Sandhu · A Ranade · S Siddiqi · J L Balderacchi

    Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Annals of Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Journal of the American College of Surgeons