[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a relatively rare congenital heart disease, characterized by the abnormal division of the right ventricle into a high-pressure inlet and low-pressure outlet by anomalous muscle bundles. Extra-cardiac right-to-left shunts may present with clinical symptoms in adulthood and should be sought in patients with previous cavo-pulmonary shunt procedures.
We report a case of DCRV in a 29 year old Caucasian male presenting in adulthood with a right-to-left shunt secondary to venous collaterals, following cavopulmonary anastomosis for congenital pulmonary atresia and hypoplastic right ventricle.
Multimodality cardiac imaging using echocardiography, cardiac CT, cardiac MRI and cardiac catheterization is often required for complete characterization of complex congenital heart anomalies in adulthood.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · BMC Research Notes
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With recent advances in multimodality cardiac imaging, a number of methods exist for the noninvasive assessment of aortic disease. Although multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) remains the gold standard for aortic measurements, there are a number of limitations including radiation and contrast-induced nephropathy. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an alternative to MDCT for providing accurate anatomic assessment of aortic root and ascending aorta dimensions.
To determine the accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) TTE for determining aortic measurements in comparison to MDCT, a retrospective study of individuals with varying aortic root and ascending aorta dimensions was performed.
There were 116 patients (77 males, mean age 49 ± 12 years) in total. The maximum aortic diameters by 2D TTE were 26.1 ± 4.3 mm (annulus), 32.4 ± 5.6 mm (sinuses), 30.1 ± 5.9 mm (sinotubular [ST] junction), and 33.4 ± 7.3 mm (ascending aorta). The maximum aortic diameters by MDCT were 30.1 ± 4.1 mm (annulus), 35.8 ± 5.8 mm (sinuses), 33.2 ± 5.9 mm (ST junction), and 37.4 ± 7.6 mm (ascending aorta). There was good to excellent correlation between 2D TTE and MDCT at all four levels of the aorta (annulus: r = 0.84; sinuses: r = 0.93; ST junction: r = 0.93; ascending aorta: r = 0.88). There was a consistent underestimation of aortic measurements obtained by 2D TTE when compared to MDCT.
2DTTE is a feasible, accurate, and reproducible method for the noninvasive assessment of thoracic aortic diameters as compared to MDCT.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Echocardiography
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is an extremely rare congenital condition where one or more of the pulmonary veins are connected to the venous circulation. Although initially suspected with unexplained right ventricular enlargement on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), cardiac MRI is able to delineate the anatomical variant. We present a case of a 65-year-old male diagnosed with left sided PAPVC using multimodality cardiac imaging.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Cardiovascular Ultrasound
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of balanced steady-state free precession MR venography in the diagnosis of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis.
After undergoing lower extremity ultrasound because of suspicion of deep venous thrombosis, 64 patients were prospectively recruited to undergo balanced steady-state free precession MR venography with ultrasound as the reference standard. Ultrasound images were independently interpreted by two blinded ultrasound radiologists, and MR venograms were independently interpreted by two blinded MRI radiologists. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MR venography were calculated for the diagnoses of all deep venous thrombosis, acute thrombi, and thrombosis of the popliteal, femoral, and common femoral veins individually. Proximal extent, thrombus age, ancillary findings, and interobserver agreement calculated with the Cohen kappa test were evaluated for ultrasound and MRI. The McNemar test was used to evaluate for statistical differences in diagnostic accuracy.
MR venography had a sensitivity of 94.7%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 97.7% for the diagnosis of all thrombi. For acute thrombi, the MR venography and ultrasound results were completely concordant. MR venography depicted greater proximal extent in five of 18 cases in which thrombosis was found. The MR venographic findings agreed completely with the ultrasound findings in determination of thrombus age. For both ultrasound and MR venography, interobserver agreement was 100% on a per-patient basis. No statistical difference was identified in the diagnostic performance of the two techniques.
Balanced steady-state free precession MR venography is highly accurate in the diagnosis of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis.
No preview · Article · May 2010 · American Journal of Roentgenology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blastomycosis is an uncommon granulomatous pulmonary and extrapulmonary infectious disease caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. Diagnosis may be delayed or difficult because of varied presentation. The characteristics of blastomycosis on computed tomographic (CT) scan of the chest are not well characterized.
The images from 34 chest CT scans from patients with confirmed pulmonary blastomycosis were retrospectively reviewed.
The most common CT findings were air bronchograms in 22 patients (65%), consolidation in 21 patients (62%), nodules (smaller than 3 cm) in 21 patients (62%) and lymph node enlargement (mediastinal and hilar nodes combined) in 12 patients (35%). Only four patients (12%) had a miliary pattern.
A specific abnormality characteristic of pulmonary blastomycosis was not identified on CT scanning. The diagnosis can only be made in the context of a high index of clinical suspicion with histological or culture confirmation.
Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale / AMMI Canada