Publications (5)2.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of sepsis is difficult in immunocompromised patients owing to their modified response to infection. Our experiment in minipigs was designed to compare responses to sepsis between experimental groups of septic minipigs with and without immunosuppression. Minipigs with identical baseline parameters were randomized into 3 groups: Sepsis (n = 10); immunosuppression (n = 11), including cyclosporine, methylprednisolone, and mycophenolate mofetil treatment before surgery, and a sham group (n = 6). Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). We recorded selected clinical and laboratory parameters up to 24 hours postoperatively. All CLP animals developed septic shock with a febrile response, tachycardia, and hypotension requiring noradrenaline administration. The hemodynamic responses to sepsis in septic groups with and without immunosuppression were similar. Noradrenaline infusion was started on average later in the immunosuppression than in the group without immunosuppression; however, the difference was not significant. The kinetics of the plasma levels of most selected cytokines and C-reactive protein were similar in both septic groups. At 10 hours after surgery, the immunosuppression group showed significantly lower interleukin (IL)-6 levels compared with the sepsis group. At 19, 22, and 25 hours after surgery immunosuppressed animals displayed significantly greater increases in IL-10 levels compared with the cohort without immunosuppression. CLP is a simple, reproducible model of sepsis in minipigs. All CLP animals developed sepsis within 24 hours on average. Significant differences in IL-6 and IL-10 plasma levels were recorded between septic animals with versus without immunosuppression.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Transplantation Proceedings
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    ABSTRACT: Sepsis belongs among the most serious conditions and animal models of sepsis are the basic tools to investigate the pathophysiological response to this condition. A total of 16 adult minipigs with identical baseline parameters were randomized into two groups. In the sepsis group (n = 10), sepsis was induced using caecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The control group (n = 6) underwent laparotomy without CLP. Selected clinical and laboratory parameters as well as histological findings between the sepsis and control group were subsequently compared. All animals undergoing CLP developed diffuse peritonitis and sepsis. Compared to the control group, experimental animals showed significant increase of body temperature and heart rate (while) requiring noradrenaline to maintain their perfusion pressure. No significant differences in the monitored biochemical parameters (including C-reactive protein levels) between the two groups were found. Histological findings in organs of experimental animals were consistent with changes of organs seen in sepsis, i.e., centrilobular liver necroses, acute tubular renal necrosis, serous fibrinopurulent exudate, myocardial malacias, and pulmonary edema. Experimental caecal ligation with a predefined size of the perforation in the intestinal wall is a suitable model for assessing the pathophysiological changes occurring in the body in sepsis.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Casopís lékar̆ů c̆eských
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    ABSTRACT: Prometheus, based on modified fractionated plasma separation and adsorption (FPSA) method, is used in the therapy of acute liver failure as a bridge to liver transplantation. As the therapeutic effect of Prometheus is caused not only by the elimination of terminal metabolites, the aim of the study was to identify the effect of FPSA on the levels of cytokines and markers of inflammation and liver regeneration. Previous studies assessing cytokine levels involved mostly acute-on-chronic liver failure patients. Data concerning markers of inflammation and liver regeneration are not published yet. Eleven patients (three males, eight females) with acute liver failure were investigated. These patients underwent 37 therapeutic sessions on Prometheus device. Before and after each treatment, the plasma levels of selected cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and α(1) fetoprotein, were measured, and the kinetics of their plasma concentrations was evaluated. Before the therapy, elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNFα, CRP, and PCT were detected. The level of TNFα, CRP, PCT, and α(1) fetoprotein decreased significantly during the therapy. In contrast, an increase of HGF was detected. The decline of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 concentrations was not significant. Our results show that Prometheus is highly effective in clearing inflammatory mediators responsible for systemic inflammatory response syndrome and affects the serum levels of inflammatory and regeneration markers important for management of acute liver failure.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Transplantation Proceedings
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation of the small intestine is a standard treatment method in patients with small intestinal failures. The aim of this study was to master the surgical technique, optimalize immunosuppression regimes, diagnose acute cellular graft rejection based on cellular and humoral indicators. The authors performed a total of 43 transplantation procedures in pigs. The first, surgical part of the experiment was aimed at mastering two principal methods of vascular anastomosis- firstly, connecting the graft with mesenteric vessels (Group n1 = 18) and secondly, connecting the graft with the aorta and the inferior vena cava (Group n2 = 25). The second part of the experiment included assessment of rejection changes in various immunosuppression regimes. Only animals who did not die because of a technical failure of the procedure or due to internal reasons (n = 24) were assessed. The study animals were assigned to four groups (A (n = 3)--autotransplantation, without immunosuppresion; B (n = 7) and C (n = 8)--allotransplantation with immunosuppression using tacrolimus, resp. in a combination with sirolimus; D (n = 6)--allotransplantation without immunosuppression. Rejection was diagnosed based on histological examination of the grafts@ biopsy samples. Plasmatic citruline was used as a non-invasive humoral indicator of the graft impairment. Procedural complications were observed in 12 (67%) study animals from the first group, and in 3 (12%) animals from the second group. In the assessment of rejection changes, the longest survival was observed with autotransplantations, the shortest survival period was shown with allotransplantations without immunosuppression. No significant survival differences were demonstrated between the both treated groups. (p < 0.05). Group C showed lower rates of cellular rejections, compared to Group B and D. During the experiment, the authors managed to master the graft collection, as well as the transplantation technique. Lower rates of surgical complications were observed when the graft was supplied by the central vascular system. No significant differencies were observed between the tacrolimus monoterapy regimen and the combination therapy with sirolimus. Histological examination is the golden standard for the cellular rejection diagnostics. Plasmatic citruline has no signifiance in the rejection assessment.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Rozhledy v chirurgii: měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
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    ABSTRACT: The technical aspects of a procedure are most important for the outcome of the experiment. This study was designed to compare two techniques suitable for graft revascularization. The first technique, where the animal is both donor and the recipient, consists of connecting the grafts' vascular anastomoses to the mesenteric vessel bed. In the second technique, one animal is the graft donor and the other is the recipient, with revascularization to the central vessel bed (subrenal inferior vena cava and aorta). Techniques of restoring digestive tract continuity and creation of diagnostic "chimney ileostomy" were identical in both groups. All experimental animals were monitored clinically regularly basis as per protocol (weight, temperature, stoma appearance, output and nature of stools). Blood and biopsy samples were obtained on days 0, 3, 5, 7, 10, 20, and 30. Overall, 43 transplant procedures were performed. The first group included 18 transplants and 66.7% animals had vascular complications. While in the second group (25 transplant procedures), vascular complication rate was only 12% (3 out of 25) perhaps due to technique modifications. Our experiment showed that both types of vascular anastomosis could be used in small bowel transplantation. Connecting the graft vessels to the aorta and inferior vena cava is technically simpler and safer because of fewer subsequent complications (Tab. 1, Fig. 4, Ref. 6). Full Text (Free, PDF)
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Bratislavske lekarske listy