[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cystic lymphangioma mainly occurs in children. Cystic mediastinal lymphangioma (CML) originates from mediastinal tissues and is an extremely uncommon cystic lymphangioma that develops from the lymphatic vessels. The present study reports the case of 46-year-old male patient with a giant CML that was surgically resected by video-assisted thoracoscopy. The largest diameter of the CML was 18.0 cm, and ~400 ml of pale yellow fluid was removed from the cystic cavity during surgery. The postoperative pathological reports on the cystic wall showed that the neoplasm was a CML. At present, at the one-year postoperative follow-up, there are no signs of recurrence. In conclusion, complete surgical resection may prevent recurrence.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal fistula is the most serious complication of esophageal and gastric cardiac cancer surgery. According to occurrence of organ, gastrointestinal fistula can be divided into anastomotic fistula, gastric fistula; According to occurrence site, fistula can be divided into cervical fistula, thoracic fistula; According to time of occurrence, can be divided into early, middle and late fistula. There are special types of fistula including ‘thoracic cavity’-stomach-bronchial fistula, ‘thoracic cavity’-stomach-aortic fistula. Early diagnosis needs familiarity with various types of clinical gastrointestinal fistulas. However, Prevention of gastrointestinal fistula is better than cure, including perioperative nutritional support, respiratory tract management, and acid suppression, positive treatment of complications, antibiotic prophylaxis, and gastrointestinal decompression and eating timing. Prevention can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative gastrointestinal fistula. Collectively, early diagnosis and treatment, nutritional supports are key to reducing mortality of gastrointestinal fistula.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Hepato-gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare, with an expected incidence of 0.0001% per year in the general population and 4.6% in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease. They are defined as any malignant tumors arising or differentiating from cells of the peripheral nerve sheath. MPNSTs can develop in various sites including the trunk and head/neck region. However, its onset on the chest wall is very rare. Here we report a case of MPNST growing outside the thorax on the chest wall. The patient developed a local recurrence twice, which caused multiple metastases to the lung and peritoneum.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aberrant methylation of CpG islands acquired in tumor cells in promoter regions plays an important role in carcinogenesis. Accumulated evidence demonstrates P(16INK4a) gene promoter hypermethylation is involved in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), indicating it may be a potential biomarker for this disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate the frequency of P(16INK4a) gene promoter methylation between cancer tissue and autologous controls by summarizing published studies.
By searching Medline, EMBSE and CNKI databases, the open published studies about P(16INK4a) gene promoter methylation and NSCLC were identified using a systematic search strategy. The pooled odds of P(16INK4A) promoter methylation in lung cancer tissue versus autologous controls were calculated by meta-analysis method.
Thirty-four studies, including 2 652 NSCLC patients with 5 175 samples were included in this meta-analysis. Generally, the frequency of P(16INK4A) promoter methylation ranged from 17% to 80% (median 44%) in the lung cancer tissue and 0 to 80% (median 15%) in the autologous controls, which indicated the methylation frequency in cancer tissue was much higher than that in autologous samples. We also find a strong and significant correlation between tumor tissue and autologous controls of P(16INK4A) promoter methylation frequency across studies (Correlation coefficient 0.71, 95% CI:0.51-0.83, P<0.0001). And the pooled odds ratio of P(16INK4A) promoter methylation in cancer tissue was 3.45 (95% CI: 2.63-4.54) compared to controls under random-effect model.
Frequency of P(16INK4a) promoter methylation in cancer tissue was much higher than that in autologous controls, indicating promoter methylation plays an important role in carcinogenesis of the NSCLC. Strong and significant correlation between tumor tissue and autologous samples of P(16INK4A) promoter methylation demonstrated a promising biomarker for NSCLC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although evidence for a significant survival benefit of chest radiotherapy has been proven, no conclusion could be drawn regarding the optimal timing of chest radiation. The aim of this study is to explore whether the timing of chest radiation may influence the survival of the patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LSSCLC) by performing a literature-based meta-analysis.
By searching Medline, CENTRAL (the Cochrane central register of controlled trials), CBM, and CNKI, et al, we collected both domestic and overseas published documents about randomized trials comparing different timing chest radiotherapy in patients with LS-SCLC. Early chest radiation was regarded as beginning within 30 days after the start of chemotherapy. Random or fixed effect models were applied to conduct meta-analysis on the trials. The combined odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to estimate the mortality in 2 or 3 years and toxicity of the two treatments. The statistical heterogeneity was determined by cochran's Chi-square test (Q test). The Begg' test was used to determine the publication bias.
Six trials that included a total of 1 189 patients were analyzed in the meta-analysis 587 patients were in the early radiation group and 602 patients were in the late radiation group. Considering all 6 eligible trials, the overall survival at 2/3 years was not significantly different between early and late chest radiation (OR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.55-1.05, Z=1.68, P=0.093). For the toxicity, no obvious difference was observed for early chest radiotherapy compared with late irradiation in pneumonitis (OR=1.93, 95%CI: 0.97-3.86, P=0.797), esophagitis (OR=1.43, 95%CI: 0.95-2.13, P=0.572) and thrombocytopenia (OR=1.23, 95%CI: 0.88-1.77, P=0.746), respectively.
No statistical difference was observed in 2/3 years survival and toxicity, including pneumonitis, esophagitis and thrombocytopenia, between early radiation and late radiotherapy in LS-SCLC.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Studies of passive smoking exposure in China however are of particular interest, because of the high lung cancer rate in people who are mostly non-smokers. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between passive smoking and lung cancer among non-smoking Chinese.
By searching Medline, PubMed, CENTRAL (the Cochrane central register of controlled trials), CBM, CNKI and VIP, et al, we collected both domestic and overseas published documents between 1987 and 2007 on passive smoking and lung cancer among non-smoking Chinese. Random or fixed effect models were applied to conduct meta-analysis on the case control study results, and the combined odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated as well.
Sixteen documents were included into the combined analysis, which indicated that there was statistical significance between passive smoking and lung cancer (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.05-1.21, P = 0.001). It was significant of lung cancer among non-smoking subjects associated with amount of tobacco passively smoked more than 20 cigarettes daily, with life period in adulthood passive smoking exposure, with gender female, and with exposure to workplace. The P value, OR and 95% CI were P = 0.0003, OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 1.30-2.43; P = 0.0001, OR = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.23-1.83; P = 0.000 7, OR = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.19-1.90; P < 0.0001, OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.19-1.66; respectively. And there was no significant difference between passive smoking and lung cancer with amount of tobacco passively smoked within 20 cigarettes daily, with life period in childhood passive smoking exposure, with gender male and with exposure to spouse and parents.
Passive smoking is an important risk factor of lung cancer among non-smoking Chinese, and for non-smoking women who expose to environment tobacco smoke in a long period of time have a close relationship with lung cancer risk.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer