[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the causative pathogen underlying gastric diseases such as chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. Previously, the authors revealed that α1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine-capped O-glycan (αGlcNAc) found in gland mucin suppresses H. pylori growth and motility by inhibiting catalytic activity of cholesterol α-glucosyltransferase (CHLαGcT), the enzyme responsible for biosynthesis of the major cell wall component cholesteryl-α-D-glucopyranoside (CGL). Here, the authors developed a polyclonal antibody specific for CHLαGcT and then undertook quantitative ultrastructural analysis of the enzyme's localization in H. pylori. They show that 66.3% of CHLαGcT is detected in the cytoplasm beneath the H. pylori inner membrane, whereas 24.7% is present on the inner membrane. In addition, 2.6%, 5.0%, and 1.4% of the protein were detected in the periplasm, on the outer membrane, and outside microbes, respectively. By using an in vitro CHLαGcT assay with fractionated H. pylori proteins, which were used as an enzyme source for CHLαGcT, the authors demonstrated that the membrane fraction formed CGL, whereas other fractions did not. These data combined together indicate that CHLαGcT is originally synthesized in the cytoplasm of H. pylori as an inactive form and then activated when it is associated with the cell membrane. This article contains online supplemental material at http://www.jhc.org. Please visit this article online to view these materials.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry