Hisao Tonami

Kanazawa Medical University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

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Publications (99)210.34 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Jun 2015
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    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Annals of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the lesion regression rate (ΔLR) based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria could be used for the prediction of treatment outcome in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) compared with FDG PET-CT. A total of 33 patients underwent MRI and PET-CT at pretreatment and at 8 weeks after CRT. We assessed the treatment outcome by analyzing the following parameters: the RECIST criteria, ΔLR, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) criteria, and pretreatment SUVmax of the primary tumor and node. The correlation between the analysis of the parameters and the results of the long-term follow-up of the patients was determined. The RECIST did not significantly correlate with locoregional control (LRC) or survival. The ΔLR was significantly lower for the lesions with locoregional failure (LRF) than for those with LRC. A threshold ΔLR of 48% revealed a sensitivity of 72.7% and specificity of 77.3% for the prediction of LRF. Progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with ΔLR ≥ 48% was significantly better than that of patients with ΔLR < 48% (P = 0.001), but not overall survival. There was a significant correlation between LRC and the EORTC (P = 0.02). The patients who achieved a complete response by the EORTC criteria showed significantly better PFS and overall survival (P = 0.01 and 0.04, respectively). The ΔLR was inferior to FDG PET-CT with respect to the prediction of patient survival; however, it may be useful for selecting patients in need of more aggressive monitoring after CRT. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Japan Radiation Research Society and Japanese Society for Radiation Oncology.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Radiation Research
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    ABSTRACT: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) often occurs with acromegaly; however, the pathophysiology of CTS in acromegalic patients remains unclear. This study evaluated the median nerve in acromegalic patients with and without CTS. We examined the median nerves of 21 acromegalic patients (eight patients with CTS and 13 patients without CTS) using electrophysiological nerve conduction studies and wrist magnetic resonance images. They underwent transsphenoidal surgery to resect their growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. The median nerves of the patients with CTS were reassessed by the same studies. The sensory conduction velocity was significantly later in the median nerves of patients with CTS than in patients without CTS (34.9 vs. 45.8 m/s, respectively; P = 0.006). In the wrist magnetic resonance images, the cross-sectional area of the median nerve in CTS patients and non-CTS patients was 18.7 and 10.5 mm(2), respectively. The median nerve was significantly larger in patients with CTS than in patients without CTS (P < 0.003). The flattering ratio of the median nerve and palmar deviation of the flexor retinaculum were not significantly different between the two patient groups. After tumor resection, the nerve conduction velocities improved in patients with CTS, but the nerve remained enlarged. The CTS symptoms disappeared in all patients, except one. The median nerves of acromegalic patients with CTS were enlarged and had impaired nerve conduction. This finding represents a predominant intrinsic feature in the pathophysiology of the disease rather than an extrinsic feature such as a thickened transverse carpal ligament.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Pituitary
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) makes it possible to detect malignant tumors based on the diffusion of water molecules. It is uncertain whether DWI is more useful than positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) for distinguishing benign from malignant mediastinal tumors and mass lesions. Materials and Methods: Sixteen malignant mediastinal tumors (thymomas 7, thymic cancers 3, malignant lymphomas 3, malignant germ cell tumors 2, and thymic carcinoid 1) and 12 benign mediastinal tumors or mass lesions were assessed in this study. DWI and PET-CT were performed before biopsy or surgery. Results: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value (1.51±0.46 ×10-3mm2/sec) of malignant mediastinal tumors was significantly lower than that (2.96±0.86 ×10-3mm2/sec) of benign mediastinal tumors and mass lesions (P < 0.0001). Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (11.30±11.22) of malignant mediastinal tumors was significantly higher than that (2.53±3.92) of benign mediastinal tumors and mass lesions (P=0.0159). Using the optimal cutoff value (OCV) 2.21×10-3mm2/sec for ADC and 2.93 for SUVmax, the sensitivity (100%) by DWI was not significantly higher than that (93.8%) by PET-CT for malignant mediastinal tumors. The specificity (83.3%) by DWI was not significantly higher than that (66.7%) for benign mediastinal tumors and mass lesions. The accuracy (92.9%) by DWI was not significantly higher than that (82.1%) by PET-CT for mediastinal tumors and mass lesions. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between diagnostic capability of DWI and that of PET-CT for distinguishing mediastinal tumors and mass lesions. DWI is useful in distinguishing benign from malignant mediastinal tumors and mass lesions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background: It is sometimes difficult to assess patients who have multiple hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes (MHMLN) with FDG accumulation in PET-CT. Since it is uncertain whether diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is useful in the assessment of such patients, its diagnostic performance was assessed. Materials and Methods: Twenty-three patients who had three or more stations of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes with SUVmax of 3 or more in PET-CT were included in this study. Results: For diagnosis of disease, there were 20 malignancies (lung cancers 17, malignant lymphomas 2 and metastatic lung tumor 1), and 3 benign cases (sarcoidosis 2 and benign disease 1). For diagnosis of lymph nodes, there were 7 malignancies (metastasis of lung cancer 7 and malignant lymphoma 1) and 16 benign lymphadenopathies (pneumoconiosis/silicosis 7, sarcoidosis 4, benign disease 4, and atypical lymphocyte infiltration 1). The ADC value (1.57±0.29 ×10-3mm2/sec) of malignant MHMLN was significantly lower than that (1.99±0.24 ×10-3mm2/sec) of benign MHMLN (P=0.0437). However, the SUVmax was not significantly higher (10.0±7.34 as compared to 6.38±4.31) (P=0.15). The sensitivity (86%) by PET-CT was not significantly higher than that (71%) by DWI for malignant MHMLN (P=1.0). The specificity (100%) by DWI was significantly higher than that (31%) for benign MHMLN (P=0.0098). Furthermore, the accuracy (91%) with DWI was significantly higher than that (48%) with PET-CT for MHMLN (P=0.0129). Conclusions: Evaluation by DWI for patients with MHMLN with FDG accumulation is useful for distinguishing benign from malignant conditions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is reported to be useful for detecting malignant lesions. The purpose of this study is to clarify characteristics of imaging, detection rate and sensitivity of DWI for recurrence or metastasis of lung cancer. Methods: A total of 36 lung cancer patients with recurrence or metastasis were enrolled in this study. While 16 patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), 17 underwent MRI and CT, and 3 underwent MRI and PET-CT. Results: Each recurrence or metastasis showed decreased diffusion, which was easily recognized in DWI. The detection rate for recurrence or metastasis was 100% (36/36) in DWI, 89% (17/19) in PET-CT and 82% (27/33) in CT. Detection rate of DWI was significantly higher than that of CT (p=0.0244) but not significantly higher than that of PET-CT (p=0.22). When the optimal cutoff value of the apparent diffusion coefficient value was set as 1.70?10-3 mm2/sec, the sensitivity of DWI for diagnosing recurrence or metastasis of lung cancer was 95.6%. Conclusions: DWI is useful for detection of recurrence and metastasis of lung cancer.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) makes it possible to detect malignant tumors based on the diffusion of water molecules. However, it is uncertain whether DWI has advantages over FDG-PET for distinguishing malignant from benign pulmonary nodules and masses. Materials and methods: One hundred- forty-three lung cancers, 17 metastatic lung tumors, and 29 benign pulmonary nodules and masses were assessed in this study. DWI and FDG-PET were performed. Results: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value (1.27 ± 0.35 ?10-3 mm2/sec) of malignant pulmonary nodules and masses was significantly lower than that (1.66 ± 0.58 ?10-3 mm2/sec) of benign pulmonary nodules and masses. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max: 7.47 ± 6.10) of malignant pulmonary nodules and masses were also significantly higher than that (3.89 ± 4.04) of benign nodules and masses. By using optimal cutoff values for ADC (1.44?10-3 mm2/sec) and for SUV max (3.43), which were determined with receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC curves), the sensitivity (80.0%) of DWI was significantly higher than that (70.0%) of FDG-PET. The specificity (65.5%) of DWI was equal to that (65.5%) of FDG-PET. The accuracy (77.8%) of DWI was not significantly higher than that (69.3%) of FDG- PET for pulmonary nodules and masses. As the percentage of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) component in adenocarcinoma increased, the sensitivity of FDG-PET decreased. DWI could not help in the diagnosis of mucinous adenocarcinomas as malignant, and FDG-PET could help in the correct diagnosis of 5 out of 6 mucinous adenocarcinomas as malignant. Conclusions: DWI has higher potential than PET in assessing pulmonary nodules and masses. Both diagnostic approaches have their specific strengths and weaknesses which are determined by the underlying pathology of pulmonary nodules and masses.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
  • M. Matoba · I. Toyoda · N. Watanabe · H. Tonami · H. Tuji · Y. Shimode
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    ABSTRACT: The ratio of ADC changes (Δ ADC) at 3 weeks of chemoradiotherapy for head and neck carcinoma patients, and T-stage were significantly associated with locoregional control (LRC) in multivariate analysis (p = .001 and .028, respectively). However, there was no significant association between SUV max and LRC. The Δ ADC has a significant prognostic value and shows the most significant association with LRC.
    No preview · Article · May 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status of lung cancer is important because it means that EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment is indicated. The purpose of this prospective study is to determine whether EGFR mutation status could be identified with reference to preoperative factors. Materials and methods: One hundred-forty eight patients with lung cancer (111 adenocarcinomas, 25 squamous cell carcinomas and 12 other cell types) were enrolled in this study. The EGFR mutation status of each lung cancer was analyzed postoperatively. Results: There were 58 patients with mutant EGFR lung cancers (mutant LC) and 90 patients with wild-type EGFR lung cancers (wild-type LC). There were significant differences in gender, smoking status, maximum tumor diameter in chest CT, type of tumor shadow, clinical stage between mutant LC and wild-type LC. EGFR mutations were detected only in adenocarcinomas. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax:3.66±4.53) in positron emission tomography-computed tomography of mutant LC was significantly lower than that (8.26±6.11) of wild-type LC (p<0.0001). Concerning type of tumor shadow, the percentage of mutant LC was 85.7% (6/7) in lung cancers with pure ground glass opacity (GGO), 65.3%(32/49) in lung cancers with mixed GGO and 21.7%(20/92) in lung cancers with solid shadow (p<0.0001). For the results of discriminant analysis, type of tumor shadow (p=0.00036) was most significantly associated with mutant EGFR. Tumor histology (p=0.0028), smoking status (p=0.0051) and maximum diameter of tumor shadow in chest CT (p=0.047) were also significantly associated with mutant EGFR. The accuracy for evaluating EGFR mutation status by discriminant analysis was 77.0% (114/148). Conclusions: Mutant EGFR is significantly associated with lung cancer with pure or mixed GGO, adenocarcinoma, never-smoker, smaller tumor diameter in chest CT. Preoperatively, EGFR mutation status can be identified correctly in about 77 % of lung cancers.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
  • M. Doai · H. Tonami · N. Tsuchiya · T. Akai · N. Kurose · K. Hirata
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    ABSTRACT: A 61-year old female presented with a headache. CT and MR imaging showed a left frontal dural-based mass mimicking meningioma. 1H-MR spectroscopy showed elevated lipid peaks and decreased N-aspartate, choline and creatine peaks. No abnormal alanine peak was detected. The histological diagnosis was intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease. Our case suggests that 1H-MR spectroscopy provides useful information in differentiating intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease from meningioma.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
  • Ichiro Toyota · Hisao Tonami · Toshishige Shibamoto
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE Anaphylactic shock is sometimes accompanied by local interstitial edema due to increased permeability. We performed examination of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to detect edema in the larynx and brain during anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized rats, with comparison of that during vasodilator-induced hypotension. METHOD AND MATERIALS Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to hypotension induced by the ovalbumin antigen (n=8) and a vasodilator sodium nitroprusside (n=8). Apparent diffusion coefficient and T2-relaxation time were quantified on MR imaging performed repeatedly for up to 68 min after an injection of either agent. The presence of laryngeal edema was also examined by histological examination. Separately, the occurrence of brain edema was assessed by measuring brain water content using the wet/dry method in the rats with anaphylaxis (n=5) or sodium nitroprusside (n=5), and the non-hypotensive control rats (n=5). Mast cells in the hypothalamus were morphologically examined. RESULTS Mean arterial blood pressure similarly decreased to 35 mmHg after an injection of the antigen or sodium nitroprusside. Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images, as reflected by elevated T2-relaxation time, was found in the larynx as early as 13 min after an injection of the antigen but not sodium nitroprusside. Postmortem histological examination revealed epiglottic edema in the rats with anaphylaxis, but not sodium nitroprusside. In contrast, no significant changes in T2-relaxation time or apparent diffusion coefficient were detectable in the brain of any rats studied. In separate experiments, brain water content quantified was not increased in either anaphylaxis or sodium nitroprusside rats, as compared with the non-hypotensive control rats. The number of mast cells was similar in the hypothalamus of rats with anaphylaxis and sodium nitroprusside, suggesting absence of anaphylactic reaction in the brain. CONCLUSION MR imaging elucidates presence of edema in larynx, but not brain, during anaphylactic hypotension in experimental study. CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION MR evaluation by T2-relaxation time as well as apparent diffusion coefficient elucidates presence of edema in larynx, but not brain, during anaphylactic hypotension.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Dec 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Anaphylactic shock is sometimes accompanied by local interstitial edema due to increased vascular permeability. We performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare edema in the larynx and brain of anesthetized rats during anaphylactic hypotension versus vasodilator-induced hypotension. Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to hypotension induced by the ovalbumin antigen (n=7) or a vasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP; n=7). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and T2-relaxation time (T2RT) were quantified on MRI performed repeatedly for up to 68 min after the injection of either agent. The presence of laryngeal edema was also examined by histological examination. Separately, the occurrence of brain edema was assessed by measuring brain water content using the wet/dry method in rats with anaphylaxis (n=5) or SNP (n=5) and the non-hypotensive control rats (n=5). Mast cells in hypothalamus were morphologically examined. Mean arterial blood pressure similarly decreased to 35 mmHg after an injection of the antigen or SNP. Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images (as reflected by elevated T2RT) was found in the larynx as early as 13 min after an injection of the antigen, but not SNP. A postmortem histological examination revealed epiglottic edema in the rats with anaphylaxis, but not SNP. In contrast, no significant changes in T2RT or ADC were detectable in the brains of any rats studied. In separate experiments, the quantified brain water content did not increase in either anaphylaxis or SNP rats, as compared with the non-hypotensive control rats. The numbers of mast cells with metachromatic granules in the hypothalamus were not different between rats with anaphylaxis and SNP, suggesting the absence of anaphylactic reaction in hypothalamus. Edema was detected using the MRI technique in the larynx during rat anaphylaxis, but not in the brain.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Allergy, asthma & immunology research
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    M Matoba · H Tuji · Y Shimode · I Toyoda · Y Kuginuki · K Miwa · H Tonami
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose: ADC provides a measure of water molecule diffusion in tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the fractional change in ADC during therapy can be used as a valid predictive indicator of treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated with chemoradiotherapy. Materials and methods: Forty patients underwent DWI at pretreatment and 3 weeks after the start of treatment. The pretreatment ADC, fractional change in ADC, tumor regression rate, and other clinical variables were compared with locoregional control and locoregional failure and were analyzed by using logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic analysis. Furthermore, progression-free survival curves divided by the corresponding threshold value were compared by means of the log-rank test. Results: The fractional change in ADCprimary, the fractional change in ADCnode, primary tumor volume, nodal volume, tumor regression ratenode, N stage, and tumor location revealed significant differences between locoregional failure and locoregional control (P < .05). In univariate analysis, the fractional change in ADCprimary, fractional change in ADCnode, tumor regression ratenode, N stage, and tumor location showed significant association with locoregional control (P < .05). In multivariate analysis, however, only the fractional change in ADCprimary was identified as a significant and independent predictor of locoregional control (P = .04). A threshold fractional change in ADCprimary of 0.24 revealed a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 78.7%, and overall accuracy of 84.8% for the prediction of locoregional control. Progression-free survival of the 2 groups divided by the fractional change in ADCprimary at 0.24 showed a significant difference (P < .05). Conclusions: The results suggest that the fractional change in ADCprimary is a valid imaging biomarker for predicting treatment response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated with chemoradiotherapy.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: The intercarotid distance (ICD) between cavernous carotid arteries (CCAs) is an important factor for avoiding injury of the internal carotid artery during transsphenoidal surgery. The ICD between CCAs in pituitary adenoma patients is generally larger than in normal individuals. However, the movement of the CCA during transsphenoidal surgery is not known. The aim of this study is to measure the ICD between CCAs in pituitary adenoma patients before and after surgery. We reviewed 138 pituitary adenoma patients who were treated with resection via the transsphenoidal approach. The CCA diameter and the ICD between CCAs were measured from preoperative and postoperative MR images. The CCA diameter was similar at the preoperative and postoperative time points. On the other hand, the ICD between CCAs was shorter at postoperative time point (19.4 ± 4.5 mm) than at the preoperative time point (20.9 ± 4.9 mm) (P = 0.048). Above all, invasion type adenomas had more significant ICD change at the postoperative time point (23.8 ± 3.8 mm) than at the preoperative time point (21.6 ± 3.9 mm) (P = 0.008). Also in multivariate analysis, cavernous sinus invasion of adenoma was independently associated with ICD contraction >2 mm (P = 0.027). It is important to know the change in ICD between CCAs after transsphenoidal surgery, particularly for pituitary adenomas with cavernous sinus invasion. The position of the CCA should be known before and during transsphenoidal surgery, as well before and during the second operation to avoid vascular injuries.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Pituitary
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic venoconstriction occurs in rat anaphylactic hypotension. However, the exact venoconstrictive site remains unknown, and we therefore attempted to determine its location by using hepatic venography and histology. Anaphylaxis was induced in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats by i.v. administration of ovalbumin antigen. Venography of the portal vein (n = 8) was obtained at baseline and maximal hepatic venoconstriction. We separately examined photomicrographs of the liver sections. Along with systemic hypotension, portal venous pressure increased to a peak of 28 ± 3 cm- H2O at 2 min after antigen injection. Post-antigen portal venography revealed that 40% of portal venuls (76 vessels/total 188 vessels) with diameters from 160 to 300 μm were not visualized, suggesting that stenosis or obliteration occurred distally. The corresponding upstream portal vessels exhibited markedly bulging. Stenosis was also observed in some portal branches with diameters from 180 to 420 μm (9%; 17 vessels/total 188 vessels). Light microscopically, most portal venules with an estimated baseline diameter less than 110 μm showed stenosis, but statistically significant stenosis was found in those with baseline diameters of 20-70 μm. In conclusion, anaphylactic hepatic venoconstriction occurs over a wide range of portal veins with diameters less than 420 μm, and occurs markedly in portal venules with diameters less than 70 μm in anesthetized rats.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Biomedical Research
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess whether migration of thallium-201 (Tl) to the olfactory bulb were reduced in patients with olfactory impairments in comparison to healthy volunteers after nasal administration of Tl. 10 healthy volunteers and 21 patients enrolled in the study (19 males and 12 females; 26-71 years old). The causes of olfactory dysfunction in the patients were head trauma (n = 7), upper respiratory tract infection (n = 7), and chronic rhinosinusitis (n = 7). TlCl was administered unilaterally to the olfactory cleft, and SPECT-CT was conducted 24 h later. Separate MRI images were merged with the SPECT images. Tl olfactory migration was also correlated with the volume of the olfactory bulb determined from MRI images, as well as with odor recognition thresholds measured by using T&T olfactometry. Nasal Tl migration to the olfactory bulb was significantly lower in the olfactory-impaired patients than in healthy volunteers. The migration of Tl to the olfactory bulb was significantly correlated with odor recognition thresholds obtained with T&T olfactometry and correlated with the volume of the olfactory bulb determined from MRI images when all subjects were included. Assessment of the Tl migration to the olfactory bulb was the new method for the evaluation of the olfactory nerve connectivity in patients with impaired olfaction.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the degree of radiotoxicity to lymphocytes in thyroid cancer after iodine-131(I-131) therapy using γ-H2AX foci immunodetection. Methods: This study focused on 15 patients who underwent I-131 therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer after surgery. All patients received 3.7 GBq of I-131. Venous blood samples were collected from each patient before therapy and 4 days thereafter. Lymphocytes were isolated from the blood samples and subjected to γ-H2AX immunofluorescence staining. Results: The number (mean ± SD) of foci per lymphocyte nucleus was 0.41 ± 0.51 before and 6.19 ± 1.80 after radioiodine therapy, and this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.001 < 0.05). Absorbed doses estimated for the 15 patients were 0.77 ± 0.31 Gy applying standard line in vitro external radiation doses. Conclusion: γ-H2AX foci immunodetection in lymphocytes may detect radiation-induced DNA damage associated with I-131 therapy for thyroid cancer, and may facilitate estimation of the radiation doses absorbed with this therapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Annals of Nuclear Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of seed migration after transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy. From March 2007 to March 2011, 121 patients with stage T1-T2 prostate cancer underwent transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy. Pre-planning was performed 3 weeks prior to implantation, and the implants were inserted using the standard parallel needle insertion technique. All patients underwent a series of radiographs [chest radiography, kidney-ureter-bladder (KUB) radiography, and a CT scan] to assess whether seed migration had occurred on postoperative days 1 and 30, and 12 months. Seed migration occurred in 31 (25.6 %) of 121 patients. A total of 51 of 7,883 (0.65 %) implanted seeds migrated. Migration was detected on postoperative day 1 in 16 patients, day 30 in 13 patients and at 12 months in 4 patients (migration occurred at different times in 2 patients). The migrated seeds were found in the lungs, pelvis, heart, mediastinum, kidney, inguinal canal, liver and sacrum. The number of needles was a statistically significant factor in seed migration. The seeds migrated to many organs. No decrease in the dose administered to the prostate or adverse effects associated with seed migration were noted.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Japanese journal of radiology
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that significant variations in stomach size, shape, and respiratory motion lead to uncertainties in target localization during treatment for gastric lymphoma. In this study, the usefulness of 4D-CT for radiation planning of gastric MZBCL/MALT was evaluated. Treatment planning using 4DCT (plan A) and conventional planning with a uniform margin (plan B) were compared using dose volume histograms (DVH) of the planning target volume (PTV) and the organ at risk, as well as the dose coverage of the clinical target volume (CTV) assessed by weekly online cone beam CT (CBCT) during the treatment course. In addition, regarding the image quality of CBCT , the interobserver agreement for the delineated volume of the CTV on CBCT was analyzed. The mean PTV of plan A was significantly smaller than that of plan B (p = 0.008). The mean doses to the liver and heart in plan A were significantly lower than those in plan B (p = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). The reductions of V(20) of each kidney in plan A compared with those in plan B were 4.8 ± 2.4% in the right kidney and 16.3 ± 10.4% in the left. There was no significant difference in the dose coverage of the CTV between the plans during the treatment course. The interobserver agreement for the volume of the CTV was moderate correlation. Treatment planning using 4DCT for gastric MZBCL/MALT was useful for effective and safe irradiation with minimizing exposure of the organ at risk.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Radiation Research