[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 75-year-old male presented with palpitation on exertion. He suffered from frequent tachycardia attacks. His 12-leads electrocardiogram showed irregular cycle lengths (400–550 ms) of tachycardia with occasional 2:1 atrioventricular conduction (thus AV reentry was excluded). He had a complex anatomy of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC)/ enlarged coronary sinus (CS). The activation map in a 3-dimensional CARTO system (Biosense-Webster, USA) was merged with the multi-detector computed tomography image and revealed that the tachycardia spread centrifugally from the junction between the PLSVC and enlarged CS. However, delivery of radio frequency (RF) energy to the earliest atrial activation site did not affect the tachycardia. Finally, the tachycardia was diagnosed as a fast/ slow type atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) because the tachycardia was cured only after the anterograde/retrograde AV conduction was disturbed by the application of RF energy to the posteroseptal perimitral area, possibly due to the injury to the AV node.
Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Journal of Arrhythmia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 71-year-old man on hemodialysis and with a history of right lobectomy was referred for aortic valve replacement. Chest computed tomography revealed counterclockwise rotation of the heart through its longitudinal axis.We approached the aortic valve through median sternotomy. Accordingly, we transected the sternum at the level of the 3rd intercostal space and extended the skin incision approximately 2 inches perpendicular to the midline. After partial transection of the sternum, 3 spreaders were placed: the 1st, in the upper sternum; the 2nd, in the lower sternum; and the 3rd, between the ribs. These devices yielded excellent exposure of the ascending aorta. In addition, the relatively central shift of the ascending aorta contributed to the exposure of the right atrium and the right upper pulmonary vein. Subsequently, aortic valve replacement was performed in the usual fashion, and the patient experienced no postoperative respiratory complications. Aortic valve surgery with T-shaped sternotomy and without thoracotomy is an alternative technique in a patient who has a secondary deviation after lobectomy.
Preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery remains as a most common complication. Tachycardia with atrial fibrillation just after the operation could lead to cardiac deterioration. Although we have to control tachycardia, we often have great difficulties in managing these arrhythmias. Many reports have showed landiolol, ultra short-acting beta1 blocker, and amiodarone were effective against postoperative atrial fibrillation. However there has been no report on comparison between these 2 drugs. As excessively sympathetic activity might cause atrial fibrillation, landiolol was introduced into our therapy concomitant with the sedative. Our investigation confirmed that both landiolol and amiodarone were effective in preventing atrial fibrillation, and that the timing of transition from intravenous administration to oral intake was acceptable. When landiolol was administered, enough attention should be paid to the patients whose left ventricular function was low. The patients in whom atrial fibrillation occurred under landiolol therapy showed tendency of lower heart rate in comparison with the patients under amiodarone therapy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery