Publications (4)4.52 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The limited information for effects of serum trace elements and genetic polymorphisms on lung cancer is available. Based on a hospital based case-control study, the epidemiological questionnaires were completed by face to face interview, and the gene polymorphisms were tested by RFLP-PCR, and serum trace metals were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer, and the data was analyzed by the logistic regressive models. The high serum copper level (>1500 ng/ml) or serum copper/zinc ratio (>1) was the risk factors of NSCLC (OR=3.10, 11.03, respectively), but the ORs of the higher serum Zn (>1200 ng/ml), Se (>50 ng/ml) or Cr(3+) (>600 ng/ml) for NSCLC were all significantly less than 0.20 (all p<0.01) indicating strong protection against NSCLC. While the OR of CYP 1A1 variants carriers with a higher serum Cu or Cu/Zn ratio level was around 3.38 and 12.59, respectively, the risk of CYP1A1 variants carriers with a higher serum Zn is 0.18, Se 0.04 or Cr(3+) 0.28. Similarly, compared with the carriers of GSTM1 power with a lower serum Zn, Se or Cr(3+), the OR of the carriers of GSTM1 null with a higher serum Zn, Se and Cr(3+) was separately 0.16, 0.07 and 0.26, highlighting the protection against NSCLC. Our findings suggested that CYP1A1 or GSTM1 variants may significantly modify the associations between level of serum trace metals (Cu, Zn, Se or Cr) and NSCLC, indicating the intriguing pathogenesis of lung cancer.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer is the major cancer causing death among the malignant tumors. Early detection non-small cell lung cancer can detect the patients in time and get the treatment in time, to obtain the relative good therapy results. So, it is necessary to develop a method being able to accurately determine the non-small cell lung cancer at the early stage. Currently, the lung cancer marker detection is of certain importance in the non-small cell lung cancer diagnosis. Large volume of molecular biology research demonstrate that gene polymorphism is the important factor of the lung cancer occurrence. Furthermore, the importance of genetic expression changes that occur during lung cancer development has been realized gradually. In the future non-small lung cancer research, a comprehensive method combing epidemiological, genetic and genetic expression research seems very important.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking is the most established risk factor, and genetic variants and/or gene promoter methylations are also considered to play an essential role in development of lung cancer, but the pathogenesis of lung cancer is still unclear. We collected the data of 150 cases and 150 age-matched and sex-matched controls on a Hospital-Based Case-Control Study in China. Face to face interviews were conducted using a standardized questionnaire. Gene polymorphism and methylation status were measured by RFLP-PCR and MSP, respectively. Logistic regressive model was used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) for different levels of exposure. After adjusted age and other potential confounding factors, smoking was still main risk factor and significantly increased 3.70-fold greater risk of NSCLC as compared with nonsmokers, and the ORs across increasing levels of pack years were 1, 3.54, 3.65 and 7.76, which the general dose-response trend was confirmed. Our striking findings were that the risk increased 5.16, 8.28 and 4.10-fold, respectively, for NSCLC with promoter hypermethylation of the p16, DAPK or RAR beta gene in smokers with CYP1A1 variants, and the higher risk significantly increased in smokers with null GSTM1 and the OR was 17.84 for NSCLC with p16 promoter hypermethylation, 17.41 for DAPK, and 8.18 for RAR beta in smokers with null GSTM1 compared with controls (all p < 0.01). Our study suggests the strong combined effects of cigarette smoke, CYP1A1 and GSTM1 Polymorphisms, hypermethylations of p16, DAPK and RAR beta promoters in NSCLC, implying complex pathogenesis of NSCLC should be given top priority in future research.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of a 40-year-old man who had suffered from a metallic foreign body which had punctured from the anterior chest wall into the left ventricle caused by trauma without cardiac tamponade. Surgery was performed. Based on the operation findings, the foreign body was diagnosed as a metallic rusted object partially retained in the posterior papillary muscle. It is very rare particularly for its location, penetrating route of injury and without any symptoms.